Dissolved Organic Carbon Influences Microbial Community Composition and Diversity in Managed Aquifer Recharge Systems
Sharp, J. O.
Alarawi, M. S.
Drewes, J. E.
KAUST DepartmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Environmental Science and Engineering Program
Bioscience Core Lab
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThis study explores microbial community structure in managed aquifer recharge (MAR) systems across both laboratory and field scales. Two field sites, the Taif River (Taif, Saudi Arabia) and South Platte River (Colorado), were selected as geographically distinct MAR systems. Samples derived from unsaturated riverbed, saturated-shallow-infiltration (depth, 1 to 2 cm), and intermediate-infiltration (depth, 10 to 50 cm) zones were collected. Complementary laboratory-scale sediment columns representing low (0.6 mg/liter) and moderate (5 mg/liter) dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations were used to further query the influence of DOC and depth on microbial assemblages. Microbial density was positively correlated with the DOC concentration, while diversity was negatively correlated at both the laboratory and field scales. Microbial communities derived from analogous sampling zones in each river were not phylogenetically significantly different on phylum, class, genus, and species levels, as determined by 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing, suggesting that geography and season exerted less sway than aqueous geochemical properties. When field-scale communities derived from the Taif and South Platte River sediments were grouped together, principal coordinate analysis revealed distinct clusters with regard to the three sample zones (unsaturated, shallow, and intermediate saturated) and, further, with respect to DOC concentration. An analogous trend as a function of depth and corresponding DOC loss was observed in column studies. Canonical correspondence analysis suggests that microbial classes Betaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria are positively correlated with DOC concentration. Our combined analyses at both the laboratory and field scales suggest that DOC may exert a strong influence on microbial community composition and diversity in MAR saturated zones.
CitationDissolved Organic Carbon Influences Microbial Community Composition and Diversity in Managed Aquifer Recharge Systems 2012, 78 (19):6819 Applied and Environmental Microbiology
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
PubMed Central IDPMC3457517
- Microbial community evolution during simulated managed aquifer recharge in response to different biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) concentrations.
- Authors: Li D, Alidina M, Ouf M, Sharp JO, Saikaly P, Drewes JE
- Issue date: 2013 May 1
- Dynamics of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) through stormwater basins designed for groundwater recharge in urban area: Assessment of retention efficiency.
- Authors: Mermillod-Blondin F, Simon L, Maazouzi C, Foulquier A, Delolme C, Marmonier P
- Issue date: 2015 Sep 15
- Colonization Habitat Controls Biomass, Composition, and Metabolic Activity of Attached Microbial Communities in the Columbia River Hyporheic Corridor.
- Authors: Stern N, Ginder-Vogel M, Stegen JC, Arntzen E, Kennedy DW, Larget BR, Roden EE
- Issue date: 2017 Aug 15
- Investigating the role for adaptation of the microbial community to transform trace organic chemicals during managed aquifer recharge.
- Authors: Alidina M, Li D, Drewes JE
- Issue date: 2014 Jun 1
- The effect of feed water dissolved organic carbon concentration and composition on organic micropollutant removal and microbial diversity in soil columns simulating river bank filtration.
- Authors: Bertelkamp C, van der Hoek JP, Schoutteten K, Hulpiau L, Vanhaecke L, Vanden Bussche J, Cabo AJ, Callewaert C, Boon N, Löwenberg J, Singhal N, Verliefde AR
- Issue date: 2016 Feb