Profiling microRNA expression during multi-staged date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruit development

Abstract
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in multiple stages of plant development and regulate gene expression at posttranscriptional and translational levels. In this study, we first identified 238 conserved miRNAs in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) based on a high-quality genome assembly and defined 78 fruit-development-associated (FDA) miRNAs, whose expression profiles are variable at different fruit development stages. Using experimental data, we subsequently detected 276 novel P. dactylifera-specific FDA miRNAs and predicted their targets. We also revealed that FDA miRNAs function mainly in regulating genes involved in starch/sucrose metabolisms and other carbon metabolic pathways; among them, 221 FDA miRNAs exhibit negative correlation with their corresponding targets, which suggests their direct regulatory roles on mRNA targets. Our data define a comprehensive set of conserved and novel FDA miRNAs along with their expression profiles, which provide a basis for further experimentation in assigning discrete functions of these miRNAs in P. dactylifera fruit development.

Citation
Profiling microRNA expression during multi-staged date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruit development 2015, 105 (4):242 Genomics

Publisher
Elsevier BV

Journal
Genomics

DOI
10.1016/j.ygeno.2015.01.004

PubMed ID
25638647

Additional Links
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S088875431500021X

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