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dc.contributor.authorYao, Fengchao
dc.contributor.authorHoteit, Ibrahim
dc.contributor.authorPratt, Larry J.
dc.contributor.authorBower, Amy S.
dc.contributor.authorZhai, Ping
dc.contributor.authorKöhl, Armin
dc.contributor.authorGopalakrishnan, Ganesh
dc.date.accessioned2015-05-04T16:38:42Z
dc.date.available2015-05-04T16:38:42Z
dc.date.issued2014-04-14
dc.identifier.citationSeasonal overturning circulation in the Red Sea: 1. Model validation and summer circulation 2014, 119 (4):2238 Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
dc.identifier.issn21699275
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/2013JC009004
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/552196
dc.description.abstractThe overturning circulation in the Red Sea exhibits a distinct seasonally reversing pattern and is studied using high-resolution MIT general circulation model simulations. In the first part of this study, the vertical and horizontal structure of the summer overturning circulation and its dynamical mechanisms are presented from the model results. The seasonal water exchange in the Strait of Bab el Mandeb is successfully simulated, and the structures of the intruding subsurface Gulf of Aden intermediate water are in good agreement with summer observations in 2011. The model results suggest that the summer overturning circulation is driven by the combined effect of the shoaling of the thermocline in the Gulf of Aden resulting from remote winds in the Arabian Sea and an upward surface slope from the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden set up by local surface winds in the Red Sea. In addition, during late summer two processes associated, respectively, with latitudinally differential heating and increased salinity in the southern Red Sea act together to cause the reversal of the contrast of the vertical density structure and the cessation of the summer overturning circulation. Dynamically, the subsurface northward pressure gradient force is mainly balanced by vertical viscosity resulting from the vertical shear and boundary friction in the Strait of Bab el Mandeb. Unlike some previous studies, the three-layer summer exchange flows in the Strait of Bab el Mandeb do not appear to be hydraulically controlled.
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Union (AGU)
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2013JC009004
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
dc.titleSeasonal overturning circulation in the Red Sea: 1. Model validation and summer circulation
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Fluid Modeling and Prediction Group
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Physical Oceanography; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; Woods Hole Massachusetts USA
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Physical Oceanography; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; Woods Hole Massachusetts USA
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Physical Oceanography; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; Woods Hole Massachusetts USA
dc.contributor.institutionInstitut für Meereskunde; Zentrum für Meeres- und Klimaforschung; Universität Hamburg; Hamburg Germany
dc.contributor.institutionScripps Institution of Oceanography; Nierenberg Hall; San Diego California USA
kaust.personYao, Fengchao
kaust.personHoteit, Ibrahim
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-13T18:01:56Z
dc.date.published-online2014-04-14
dc.date.published-print2014-04


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