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dc.contributor.authorCózar, Andrés
dc.contributor.authorSanz-Martín, Marina
dc.contributor.authorMartí, Elisa
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Gordillo, J. Ignacio
dc.contributor.authorUbeda, Bárbara
dc.contributor.authorGálvez, José Á.
dc.contributor.authorIrigoien, Xabier
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-02T13:40:00Z
dc.date.available2015-04-02T13:40:00Z
dc.date.issued2015-04-01
dc.identifier.citationPlastic Accumulation in the Mediterranean Sea 2015, 10 (4):e0121762 PLOS ONE
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.pmid25831129
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0121762
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/348469
dc.description.abstractConcentrations of floating plastic were measured throughout the Mediterranean Sea to assess whether this basin can be regarded as a great accumulation region of plastic debris. We found that the average density of plastic (1 item per 4 m2), as well as its frequency of occurrence (100% of the sites sampled), are comparable to the accumulation zones described for the five subtropical ocean gyres. Plastic debris in the Mediterranean surface waters was dominated by millimeter-sized fragments, but showed a higher proportion of large plastic objects than that present in oceanic gyres, reflecting the closer connection with pollution sources. The accumulation of floating plastic in the Mediterranean Sea (between 1,000 and 3,000 tons) is likely related to the high human pressure together with the hydrodynamics of this semi-enclosed basin, with outflow mainly occurring through a deep water layer. Given the biological richness and concentration of economic activities in the Mediterranean Sea, the affects of plastic pollution on marine and human life are expected to be particularly frequent in this plastic accumulation region.
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121762
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titlePlastic Accumulation in the Mediterranean Sea
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentPlankton ecology Research Group
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalPLoS ONE
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC4382178
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionDepartamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Ambientales, Universidad de Cádiz, Campus de Excelencia Internacional del Mar, E-11510, Puerto Real, Spain
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Global Change Research, IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados, Miquel Marqués 21, 07190, Esporles, Spain
dc.contributor.institutionDepartament de Geologia Dinàmica, Geofísica i Paleontologia, Facultat de Geologia, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028, Barcelona, Spain
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
kaust.personIrigoien, Xabier
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-13T16:26:43Z


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