Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorRaitsos, Dionysios E.
dc.contributor.authorPradhan, Yaswant
dc.contributor.authorBrewin, Robert J. W.
dc.contributor.authorStenchikov, Georgiy L.
dc.contributor.authorHoteit, Ibrahim
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-27T09:46:34Z
dc.date.available2014-08-27T09:46:34Z
dc.date.issued2013-06-05
dc.identifier.citationRaitsos DE, Pradhan Y, Brewin RJW, Stenchikov G, Hoteit I (2013) Remote Sensing the Phytoplankton Seasonal Succession of the Red Sea. PLoS ONE 8: e64909. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0064909.
dc.identifier.issn19326203
dc.identifier.pmid23755161
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0064909
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/325315
dc.description.abstractThe Red Sea holds one of the most diverse marine ecosystems, primarily due to coral reefs. However, knowledge on large-scale phytoplankton dynamics is limited. Analysis of a 10-year high resolution Chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) dataset, along with remotely-sensed sea surface temperature and wind, provided a detailed description of the spatiotemporal seasonal succession of phytoplankton biomass in the Red Sea. Based on MODIS (Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data, four distinct Red Sea provinces and seasons are suggested, covering the major patterns of surface phytoplankton production. The Red Sea Chl-a depicts a distinct seasonality with maximum concentrations seen during the winter time (attributed to vertical mixing in the north and wind-induced horizontal intrusion of nutrient-rich water in the south), and minimum concentrations during the summer (associated with strong seasonal stratification). The initiation of the seasonal succession occurs in autumn and lasts until early spring. However, weekly Chl-a seasonal succession data revealed that during the month of June, consistent anti-cyclonic eddies transfer nutrients and/or Chl-a to the open waters of the central Red Sea. This phenomenon occurs during the stratified nutrient depleted season, and thus could provide an important source of nutrients to the open waters. Remotely-sensed synoptic observations highlight that Chl-a does not increase regularly from north to south as previously thought. The Northern part of the Central Red Sea province appears to be the most oligotrophic area (opposed to southern and northern domains). This is likely due to the absence of strong mixing, which is apparent at the northern end of the Red Sea, and low nutrient intrusion in comparison with the southern end. Although the Red Sea is considered an oligotrophic sea, sporadic blooms occur that reach mesotrophic levels. The water temperature and the prevailing winds control the nutrient concentrations within the euphotic zone and enable the horizontal transportation of nutrients. © 2013 Raitsos et al.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to PLoS ONE
dc.subjectchlorophyll
dc.subjectautumn
dc.subjectbiomass production
dc.subjectgeographic distribution
dc.subjectnutrient availability
dc.subjectnutrient concentration
dc.subjectnutrient limitation
dc.subjectnutrient uptake
dc.subjectphytoplankton
dc.subjectremote sensing
dc.subjectseasonal variation
dc.subjectspring
dc.subjectstratification
dc.subjectsummer
dc.subjectwinter
dc.subjectAnthozoa
dc.titleRemote Sensing the Phytoplankton Seasonal Succession of the Red Sea
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Fluid Modeling and Prediction Group
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.identifier.journalPLoS ONE
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3674012
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionRemote Sensing Group (RSG), Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML), Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionMet Office, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
kaust.personRaitsos, Dionysios E.
kaust.personStenchikov, Georgiy L.
kaust.personHoteit, Ibrahim
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-13T14:55:18Z


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
Article-PLoS_ONE-Remote_Sen-2013.pdf
Size:
3.700Mb
Format:
PDF
Description:
Article - Full Text

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record