Sub-15-nm patterning of asymmetric metal electrodes and devices by adhesion lithography

Abstract
Coplanar electrodes formed from asymmetric metals separated on the nanometre length scale are essential elements of nanoscale photonic and electronic devices. Existing fabrication methods typically involve electron-beam lithography - a technique that enables high fidelity patterning but suffers from significant limitations in terms of low throughput, poor scalability to large areas and restrictive choice of substrate and electrode materials. Here, we describe a versatile method for the rapid fabrication of asymmetric nanogap electrodes that exploits the ability of selected self-assembled monolayers to attach conformally to a prepatterned metal layer and thereby weaken adhesion to a subsequently deposited metal film. The method may be carried out under ambient conditions using simple equipment and a minimum of processing steps, enabling the rapid fabrication of nanogap electrodes and optoelectronic devices with aspect ratios in excess of 100,000.2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Citation
Beesley DJ, Semple J, Krishnan Jagadamma L, Amassian A, McLachlan MA, et al. (2014) Sub-15-nm patterning of asymmetric metal electrodes and devices by adhesion lithography. Nature Communications 5. doi:10.1038/ncomms4933.

Publisher
Springer Nature

Journal
Nature Communications

DOI
10.1038/ncomms4933

PubMed ID
24861953

PubMed Central ID
PMC4050269

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