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dc.contributor.authorLiu, Yi Y.
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Jason P.
dc.contributor.authorMcCabe, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorde Jeu, Richard A. M.
dc.contributor.authorvan Dijk, Albert I. J. M.
dc.contributor.authorDolman, Albertus J.
dc.contributor.authorSaizen, Izuru
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-27T09:46:22Z
dc.date.available2014-08-27T09:46:22Z
dc.date.issued2013-02-25
dc.identifier.citationLiu YY, Evans JP, McCabe MF, de Jeu RAM, van Dijk AIJM, et al. (2013) Changing Climate and Overgrazing Are Decimating Mongolian Steppes. PLoS ONE 8: e57599. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057599.
dc.identifier.issn19326203
dc.identifier.pmid23451249
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0057599
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/325311
dc.description.abstractSatellite observations identify the Mongolian steppes as a hotspot of global biomass reduction, the extent of which is comparable with tropical rainforest deforestation. To conserve or restore these grasslands, the relative contributions of climate and human activities to degradation need to be understood. Here we use a recently developed 21-year (1988-2008) record of satellite based vegetation optical depth (VOD, a proxy for vegetation water content and aboveground biomass), to show that nearly all steppe grasslands in Mongolia experienced significant decreases in VOD. Approximately 60% of the VOD declines can be directly explained by variations in rainfall and surface temperature. After removing these climate induced influences, a significant decreasing trend still persists in the VOD residuals across regions of Mongolia. Correlations in spatial patterns and temporal trends suggest that a marked increase in goat density with associated grazing pressures and wild fires are the most likely non-climatic factors behind grassland degradation. © 2013 Liu et al.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to PLoS ONE
dc.subjectrain
dc.subjectwater
dc.subjectbiomass
dc.subjectclimate change
dc.subjectcorrelation analysis
dc.subjectenvironmental parameters
dc.subjectenvironmental temperature
dc.subjectfire
dc.subjectgoat
dc.subjectgrazing
dc.subjectland use
dc.subjectMongolia
dc.subjectovergrazing
dc.subjectpopulation density
dc.subjectremote sensing
dc.subjectsteppe
dc.subjectvegetation optical depth
dc.subjectwater content
dc.subjectBiomass
dc.subjectClimate
dc.subjectClimate Change
dc.subjectEcosystem
dc.subjectHuman Activities
dc.subjectMongolia
dc.subjectTemperature
dc.subjectWater
dc.titleChanging Climate and Overgrazing Are Decimating Mongolian Steppes
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEarth System Observation and Modelling
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.identifier.journalPLoS ONE
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3581472
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionWater Research Centre, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionClimate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionEarth and Climate Cluster, Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
dc.contributor.institutionCSIRO Land and Water, Black Mountain Laboratories, Canberra, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionFenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionGraduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
kaust.personMcCabe, Matthew
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-13T14:55:14Z


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