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dc.contributor.authorNoble, Mae M.
dc.contributor.authorvan Laake, Gregoor
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.
dc.contributor.authorFulton, Christopher J.
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-27T09:46:18Z
dc.date.available2014-08-27T09:46:18Z
dc.date.issued2013-01-14
dc.identifier.citationNoble MM, van Laake G, Berumen ML, Fulton CJ (2013) Community Change within a Caribbean Coral Reef Marine Protected Area following Two Decades of Local Management. PLoS ONE 8: e54069. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054069.
dc.identifier.issn19326203
dc.identifier.pmid23342078
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0054069
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/325310
dc.description.abstractStructural change in both the habitat and reef-associated fish assemblages within spatially managed coral reefs can provide key insights into the benefits and limitations of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). While MPA zoning effects on particular target species are well reported, we are yet to fully resolve the various affects of spatial management on the structure of coral reef communities over decadal time scales. Here, we document mixed affects of MPA zoning on fish density, biomass and species richness over the 21 years since establishment of the Saba Marine Park (SMP). Although we found significantly greater biomass and species richness of reef-associated fishes within shallow habitats (5 meters depth) closed to fishing, this did not hold for deeper (15 m) habitats, and there was a widespread decline (38% decrease) in live hard coral cover and a 68% loss of carnivorous reef fishes across all zones of the SMP from the 1990s to 2008. Given the importance of live coral for the maintenance and replenishment of reef fishes, and the likely role of chronic disturbance in driving coral decline across the region, we explore how local spatial management can help protect coral reef ecosystems within the context of large-scale environmental pressures and disturbances outside the purview of local MPA management. © 2013 Noble et al.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to PLoS ONE
dc.subjectbiomass
dc.subjectCentral America
dc.subjectcoral
dc.subjectcoral reef
dc.subjectenvironmental change
dc.subjectenvironmental impact
dc.subjectenvironmental management
dc.subjectenvironmental protection
dc.subjectfish
dc.subjecthabitat
dc.subjectmarine protected area
dc.subjectpopulation density
dc.subjectspecies richness
dc.subjectCaribbean Region
dc.subjectConservation of Natural Resources
dc.subjectCoral Reefs
dc.subjectEcosystem
dc.subjectFishes
dc.subjectAnthozoa
dc.subjectPisces
dc.titleCommunity Change within a Caribbean Coral Reef Marine Protected Area following Two Decades of Local Management
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentReef Ecology Lab
dc.identifier.journalPLoS ONE
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3544719
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionThe Saba Conservation Foundation, The Bottom, Saba, Netherlands Antilles
dc.contributor.institutionBiology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, United States
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
kaust.personBerumen, Michael L.
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-13T14:54:04Z


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