Community Change within a Caribbean Coral Reef Marine Protected Area following Two Decades of Local Management
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Marine Science Program
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Reef Ecology Lab
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/325310
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractStructural change in both the habitat and reef-associated fish assemblages within spatially managed coral reefs can provide key insights into the benefits and limitations of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). While MPA zoning effects on particular target species are well reported, we are yet to fully resolve the various affects of spatial management on the structure of coral reef communities over decadal time scales. Here, we document mixed affects of MPA zoning on fish density, biomass and species richness over the 21 years since establishment of the Saba Marine Park (SMP). Although we found significantly greater biomass and species richness of reef-associated fishes within shallow habitats (5 meters depth) closed to fishing, this did not hold for deeper (15 m) habitats, and there was a widespread decline (38% decrease) in live hard coral cover and a 68% loss of carnivorous reef fishes across all zones of the SMP from the 1990s to 2008. Given the importance of live coral for the maintenance and replenishment of reef fishes, and the likely role of chronic disturbance in driving coral decline across the region, we explore how local spatial management can help protect coral reef ecosystems within the context of large-scale environmental pressures and disturbances outside the purview of local MPA management. © 2013 Noble et al.
CitationNoble MM, van Laake G, Berumen ML, Fulton CJ (2013) Community Change within a Caribbean Coral Reef Marine Protected Area following Two Decades of Local Management. PLoS ONE 8: e54069. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054069.
PublisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
PubMed Central IDPMC3544719
- Small Marine Protected Areas in Fiji Provide Refuge for Reef Fish Assemblages, Feeding Groups, and Corals.
- Authors: Bonaldo RM, Pires MM, Guimarães PR Junior, Hoey AS, Hay ME
- Issue date: 2017
- Conventional and technical diving surveys reveal elevated biomass and differing fish community composition from shallow and upper mesophotic zones of a remote United States coral reef.
- Authors: Muñoz RC, Buckel CA, Whitfield PE, Viehman S, Clark R, Taylor JC, Degan BP, Hickerson EL
- Issue date: 2017
- Climate warming, marine protected areas and the ocean-scale integrity of coral reef ecosystems.
- Authors: Graham NA, McClanahan TR, MacNeil MA, Wilson SK, Polunin NV, Jennings S, Chabanet P, Clark S, Spalding MD, Letourneur Y, Bigot L, Galzin R, Ohman MC, Garpe KC, Edwards AJ, Sheppard CR
- Issue date: 2008 Aug 27
- Expectations and Outcomes of Reserve Network Performance following Re-zoning of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.
- Authors: Emslie MJ, Logan M, Williamson DH, Ayling AM, MacNeil MA, Ceccarelli D, Cheal AJ, Evans RD, Johns KA, Jonker MJ, Miller IR, Osborne K, Russ GR, Sweatman HP
- Issue date: 2015 Apr 20
- Assessing mesophotic coral ecosystems inside and outside a Caribbean marine protected area.
- Authors: Gress E, Arroyo-Gerez MJ, Wright G, Andradi-Brown DA
- Issue date: 2018 Oct