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Tempone, Raul (81)

Nobile, Fabio (15)Moraes, Alvaro (14)Vilanova, Pedro (14)Litvinenko, Alexander (8)View MoreDepartmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division (79)Applied Mathematics and Computational Science Program (75)Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division (7)Electrical Engineering Program (4)Mechanical Engineering Program (4)View MoreSubjectSampling (18)Bayesian (10)Applications (5)Low-Rank (2)approximate covariance (1)View MoreTypePoster (81)Year (Issue Date)2019 (1)2018 (2)2017 (1)2016 (28)2015 (27)View MoreItem AvailabilityOpen Access (81)

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Computation of Electromagnetic Fields Scattered From Objects With Uncertain Shapes Using Multilevel Monte Carlo Method

Litvinenko, Alexander; Yucel, Abdulkadir; Bagci, Hakan; Oppelstrup, Jesper; Tempone, Raul; Michielssen, Eric (2019-02-14) [Poster]

Computational tools for characterizing electromagnetic scattering from objects with uncertain shapes are needed in various applications ranging from remote sensing at microwave frequencies to Raman spectroscopy at optical frequencies. Often, such computational tools use the Monte Carlo (MC) method to sample a parametric space describing geometric uncertainties. For each sample, which corresponds to a realization of the geometry, a deterministic electromagnetic solver computes the scattered fields. However, for an accurate statistical characterization the number of MC samples has to be large. In this work, to address this challenge, the continuation multilevel Monte Carlo (CMLMC) method is used together with a surface integral equation solver. The CMLMC method optimally balances statistical errors due to sampling of the parametric space, and numerical errors due to the discretization of the geometry using a hierarchy of discretizations, from coarse to fine. The number of realizations of finer discretizations can be kept low, with most samples computed on coarser discretizations to minimize computational cost. Consequently, the total execution time is significantly reduced, in comparison to the standard MC scheme.

A Case Study of Seismic Wave Propagation with Random Parameters

Ballesio, Marco; Beck, Joakim; Pandey, Anamika; Parisi, Laura; von Schwerin, Erik; Tempone, Raul (2018-09-07) [Poster]

We will present results from a case study based on an earthquake with seismograms recorded on a small dense seismic network in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in Tanzania. We consider forward seismic wave propagation in an inhomogeneous linear viscoelastic media with random wave speeds and densities, subject to deterministic boundary and initial conditions. The random parameters model the inherent uncertainty of the Earth parameters. We use multilevel Monte Carlo simulations for computing statistics of quantities of interest chosen to formulate a suitable loss function for the corresponding source inversion problem.
We use recorded seismograms to study a noise model for use in Bayesian inverse problems. This work provides a benchmark for the implementation of Multilevel algorithms to accelerate Seismic Inversion addressing earthquake source estimation as well as inferring Earth structure.

Multilevel Monte Carlo (MLMC) Acceleration of Seismic Wave Propagation under Uncertainty

Ballesio, Marco; Beck, Joakim; Pandey, Anamika; Parisi, Laura; von Schwerin, Erik; Tempone, Raul (2018-04-13) [Poster]

We consider forward seismic wave propagation in an inhomogeneous linear viscoelastic media with random wave speed subjected to deterministic boundary and initial conditions. Considering random wave speed correspond to the inclusion of inherent uncertainty of the Earth parameters. We propose multilevel Monte Carlo simulation for computing statistics of some given quantities of interest. In this poster, we will present a case study from Tanzania to quantify uncertainty in Earth's parameters. This work provides a benchmark for the implementation of Multilevel algorithms to accelerate Seismic Inversion addressing earthquake source estimation as well as inferring Earth structure.

Risk assessment of salt contamination of groundwater under uncertain aquifer properties

Litvinenko, Alexander; Keyes, David E.; Logashenko, Dmitry; Tempone, Raul; Wittum, Gabriel (2017-10-01) [Poster]

One of the central topics in hydrogeology and environmental science is the investigation of salinity-driven groundwater flow in heterogeneous porous media. Our goals are to model and to predict pollution of water resources.
We simulate a density driven groundwater flow with uncertain porosity and permeability. This strongly non-linear model describes the unstable transport of salt water with building ‘fingers’-shaped patterns. The computation requires
a very fine unstructured mesh and, therefore, high computational resources.
We run the highly-parallel multigrid solver, based on ug4, on supercomputer Shaheen II. A MPI-based parallelization is done in the geometrical as well as in the stochastic spaces. Every scenario is computed on 32 cores and
requires a mesh with ~8M grid points and 1500 or more time steps. 200 scenarios are computed concurrently. The total number of cores in parallel computation is 200x32=6400. The main goal of this work is to estimate propagation of uncertainties through the model, to investigate sensitivity of the solution to the input uncertain parameters. Additionally, we demonstrate how the multigrid ug4-based solver can be applied as a black-box in the uncertainty quantification framework.

Optimal design of experiments considering noisy control parameters
for the inference of Furan combustion reaction rate

Long, Quan; Kim, Daesang; Bisetti, Fabrizio; Farooq, Aamir; Tempone, Raul; Knio, Omar (2016-01-06) [Poster]

We carry out the design of experiments for the identification of the reaction
parameters in Furan combustion. The lacks of information on the true value
of the control parameters, specifically, the initial temperature and the initial TBHP concentration, are considered in the design procedure by errors-invariables models. We use two types of observables. The first is a scaler observable, i.e., half decay time of the [TBHP]. The second is the time history of the concentration.

Mathematical Model of Delamination in Composite Materials

Dia, Ben Mansour; Espath, Luis; Prudhomme, Serge; Selvakumaran, Lakshmi; Tempone, Raul (2016-01-06) [Poster]

Multi-Index Stochastic Collocation (MISC) for random elliptic PDEs

Haji Ali, Abdul Lateef; Nobile, Fabio; Tamellini, Lorenzo; Tempone, Raul (2016-01-06) [Poster]

In this work we introduce the Multi-Index Stochastic Collocation method (MISC) for computing statistics of the solution of a PDE with random data. MISC is a combination technique based on mixed differences of spatial approximations and quadratures over the space of random data. We propose an optimization procedure to select the most effective mixed differences to include in the MISC estimator: such optimization is a crucial step and allows us to build a method that, provided with sufficient solution regularity, is potentially more effective than other multi-level collocation methods already available in literature. We then provide a complexity analysis that assumes decay rates of product type for such mixed differences, showing that in the optimal case the convergence rate of MISC is only dictated by the convergence of the deterministic solver applied to a one dimensional problem. We show the effectiveness of MISC with some computational tests, comparing it with other related methods available in the literature, such as the Multi-Index and Multilevel Monte Carlo, Multilevel Stochastic Collocation, Quasi Optimal Stochastic Collocation and Sparse Composite Collocation methods.

Hybrid Chernoff Tau-Leap

Moraes, Alvaro; Tempone, Raul; Vilanova, Pedro (2016-01-06) [Poster]

Markovian pure jump processes can model many phenomena, e.g. chemical reactions at molecular level, protein transcription and translation, spread of epidemics diseases in small populations and in wireless communication networks among many others. In this work we present a novel hybrid algorithm for simulating individual trajectories which adaptively switches between the SSA and the Chernoff tauleap methods. This allows us to: (a) control the global exit probability of any simulated trajectory, (b) obtain accurate and computable estimates for the expected value of any smooth observable of the process with minimal computational work.

Multi-Index Monte Carlo (MIMC)

Haji Ali, Abdul Lateef; Nobile, Fabio; Tempone, Raul (2016-01-06) [Poster]

We propose and analyze a novel Multi-Index Monte Carlo (MIMC) method for weak approximation of stochastic models that are described in terms of differential equations either driven by random measures or with random coefficients. The MIMC method is both a stochastic version of the combination technique introduced by Zenger, Griebel and collaborators and an extension of the Multilevel Monte Carlo (MLMC) method first described by Heinrich and Giles. Inspired by Giles s seminal work, instead of using first-order differences as in MLMC, we use in MIMC high-order mixed differences to reduce the variance of the hierarchical differences dramatically. Under standard assumptions on the convergence rates of the weak error, variance and work per sample, the optimal index set turns out to be of Total Degree (TD) type. When using such sets, MIMC yields new and improved complexity results, which are natural generalizations of Giles s MLMC analysis, and which increase the domain of problem parameters for which we achieve the optimal convergence, O(TOL-2).

Computation of High-Frequency Waves with Random Uncertainty

Malenova, Gabriela; Motamed, Mohammad; Runborg, Olof; Tempone, Raul (2016-01-06) [Poster]

We consider the forward propagation of uncertainty in high-frequency waves, described by the second order wave equation with highly oscillatory initial data. The main sources of uncertainty are the wave speed and/or the initial phase and amplitude, described by a finite number of random variables with known joint probability distribution. We propose a stochastic spectral asymptotic method [1] for computing the statistics of uncertain output quantities of interest (QoIs), which are often linear or nonlinear functionals of the wave solution and its spatial/temporal derivatives. The numerical scheme combines two techniques: a high-frequency method based on Gaussian beams [2, 3], a sparse stochastic collocation method [4]. The fast spectral convergence of the proposed method depends crucially on the presence of high stochastic regularity of the QoI independent of the wave frequency. In general, the high-frequency wave solutions to parametric hyperbolic equations are highly oscillatory and non-smooth in both physical and stochastic spaces. Consequently, the stochastic regularity of the QoI, which is a functional of the wave solution, may in principle below and depend on frequency. In the present work, we provide theoretical arguments and numerical evidence that physically motivated QoIs based on local averages of |uE|2 are smooth, with derivatives in the stochastic space uniformly bounded in E, where uE and E denote the highly oscillatory wave solution and the short wavelength, respectively. This observable related regularity makes the proposed approach more efficient than current asymptotic approaches based on Monte Carlo sampling techniques.

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