• System and method for three-dimensional image reconstruction using an absolute orientation sensor

      Giancola, Silvio; Ghanem, Bernard; Schneider, Jens; Wonka, Peter (2018-01-18)
      A three-dimensional image reconstruction system includes an image capture device, an inertial measurement unit (IMU), and an image processor. The image capture device captures image data. The inertial measurement unit (IMU) is affixed to the image capture device and records IMU data associated with the image data. The image processor includes one or more processing units and memory for storing instructions that are executed by the one or more processing units, wherein the image processor receives the image data and the IMU data as inputs and utilizes the IMU data to pre-align the first image and the second image, and wherein the image processor utilizes a registration algorithm to register the pre-aligned first and second images.
    • Molecular coatings of nitride semiconductors for optoelectronics, electronics, and solar energy harvesting

      Ng, Tien Khee; Zhao, Chao; Priante, Davide; Ooi, Boon S.; Hussein, Mohamed Ebaid Abdrabou (2018-02-01)
      Gallium nitride based semiconductors are provided having one or more passivated surfaces. The surfaces can have a plurality of thiol compounds attached thereto for enhancement of optoelectronic properties and/or solar water splitting properties. The surfaces can also include wherein the surface has been treated with chemical solution for native oxide removal and / or wherein the surface has attached thereto a plurality of nitrides, oxides, insulating compounds, thiol compounds, or a combination thereof to create a treated surface for enhancement of optoelectronic properties and / or solar water splitting properties. Methods of making the gallium nitride based semiconductors are also provided. Methods can include cleaning a native surface of a gallium nitride semiconductor to produce a cleaned surface, etching the cleaned surface to remove oxide layers on the surface, and applying single or multiple coatings of nitrides, oxides, insulating compounds, thiol compounds, or a combination thereof attached to the surface.
    • Systems and Methods for Determining Water-Cut of a Fluid Mixture

      Karimi, Muhammad Akram; Shamim, Atif; Arsalan, Muhammad (2017-12-07)
      Provided in some embodiments are systems and methods for measuring the water content (or water-cut) of a fluid mixture. Provided in some embodiments is a water-cut sensor system that includes a helical T-resonator, a helical ground conductor, and a separator provided at an exterior of a cylindrical pipe. The helical T-resonator including a feed line, and a helical open shunt stub conductively coupled to the feed line. The helical ground conductor including a helical ground plane opposite the helical open shunt stub and a ground ring conductively coupled to the helical ground plane. The feed line overlapping at least a portion of the ground ring, and the separator disposed between the feed line and the portion of the ground ring overlapped by the feed line to electrically isolate the helical T-resonator from the helical ground conductor.
    • Energy harvesting water vehicle

      Singh, Devendra (2018-01-04)
      An efficient energy harvesting (EEH) water vehicle is disclosed. The base of the EEH water vehicle is fabricated with rolling cylindrical drums that can rotate freely in the same direction of the water medium. The drums reduce the drag at the vehicle-water interface. This reduction in drag corresponds to an increase in speed and/or greater fuel efficiency. The mechanical energy of the rolling cylindrical drums is also transformed into electrical energy using an electricity producing device, such as a dynamo or an alternator. Thus, the efficiency of the vehicle is enhanced in two parallel modes: from the reduction in drag at the vehicle-water interface, and from capturing power from the rotational motion of the drums.
    • On-chip graphene electrode, methods of making, and methods of use

      Nayak, Pranati; Alshareef, Husam Niman; Baeumner, Antje J.; Duerkop, Axel; Fenzl, Christoph; Hirsch, Thomas (2018-01-25)
      Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a device including an on-chip electrode platform including one or more three dimensional laser scribed graphene electrodes, methods of making the on-chip electrode platform, methods of analyzing (e.g., detecting, quantifying, and the like) chemicals and biochemicals, and the like.
    • Integrated 3d printed wireless sensing system for environmental monitoring

      Farooqui, Muhammad Fahad; Shamim, Atif (2017-12-21)
      Disclosed are various embodiments of a wireless sensor device for monitoring environment conditions. A wireless sensor device may comprise, for example, a computing device, printable circuitry, sensors, and antennas combined with one or more transmitters on a panel. The wireless sensor device may be configured to take environment measurements, such as temperature, gas, humidity, and wirelessly communicate the environment measurements to a remote computing device, in addition, the present disclosure relates to a method of assembling the wireless sensor device. The method may comprise printing sensors, circuitry, and antennas to a panel; folding the panel to form an enclosure comprising a plurality of side panels; and attaching the plurality of side panels to a circuit board panel.
    • Boron-containing catalysts for dry reforming of methane to synthesis gas

      Takanabe, Kazuhiro; Basset, Jean-Marie; Park, Jung-Hyun; Samal, Akshaya Kumar; Alsabban, Bedour (2018-01-04)
      The present invention uses a cobalt catalyst for carbon dioxide reforming of lower alkanes to synthesis gas having a cobalt catalyst on an oxide support where the supported cobalt catalyst has been modified with a boron precursor. The boron-treated cobalt catalyst systems as described herein show significant increases in the conversion of CH4 and CO2 during the dry reforming of methane (DRM) reaction as compared to traditional catalysts. Described herein are supported catalysts and methods of using the catalysts for the dry reforming of methane to synthesis gas, with the supported catalysts in the present invention include a boron-treated cobalt catalyst disposed on an oxide support. Also described herein are processes for preparing the supported catalysts.
    • Diamines, polyimides, methods of making each, and methods of use

      Ghanem, Bader Saleh; Pinnau, Ingo (2017-12-14)
      Aspects of the present disclosure provide for bridgehead-substituted triptycene-based diamines and methods of making bridgehead-substituted triptycene-based diamines.
    • Hydrogen generation from formic acid catalyzed by a metal complex under amine-free and aqueous conditions

      Huang, Kuo-Wei; Guan, Chao; Pan, Yupeng; Hu, Jinsong; Li, Huaifeng (2018-01-04)
      The present invention provides a class of catalyst compounds that can safely and effectively release hydrogen gas from a chemical substrate without producing either noxious byproducts or byproducts that will deactivate the catalyst. The present invention provides catalysts used to produce hydrogen that has a satisfactory and sufficient lifespan (measured by turnover number (TON)), that has stability in the presence of moisture, air, acid, or impurities, promote a rapid reaction rate, and remain stable under the reaction conditions required for an effective hydrogen production system. Described herein are compounds for use as catalysts, as well as methods for producing hydrogen from formic acid and/or a formate using the disclosed catalysts. The methods include contacting formic acid and/or a formate with a catalyst as described herein, as well as methods of producing formic acid and/or a formate using the disclosed catalyst and methods for generating electricity using the catalysts described herein.
    • Troger's base-based monomers, and polymers, methods of making and uses thereof

      Ma, Xiaohua; Pinnau, Ingo (2017-12-28)
      Embodiments of the present disclosure provide compounds derived by Troger's amine as shown below, microporous structures, membranes, methods of making said compounds, structures, and membranes, methods of use for gas separation, and the like (Formula A1).
    • Water-Cut Sensor System

      Karimi, Muhammad Akram; Shamim, Atif; Arsalan, Muhammad (2018-01-11)
      Provided in some embodiments is a method of manufacturing a pipe conformable water-cut sensors system. Provided in some embodiments is method for manufacturing a water-cut sensor system that includes providing a helical T-resonator, a helical ground conductor, and a separator at an exterior of a cylindrical pipe. The helical T-resonator including a feed line, and a helical open shunt stub conductively coupled to the feed line. The helical ground conductor including a helical ground plane opposite the helical open shunt stub and a ground ring conductively coupled to the helical ground plane. The feed line overlapping at least a portion of the ground ring, and the separator disposed between the feed line and the portion of the ground ring overlapped by the feed line to electrically isolate the helical T-resonator from the helical ground conductor.
    • Composite perovskite materials, methods of making, and methods of use

      Yu, Weili; Amassian, Aram (2017-12-14)
      Embodiments of the present disclosure provide materials, devices and systems including a composite of halide perovskite single crystals and nanotubes, and the like. Embodiments of the composite can be used in devices such as detectors, solar panels, transistors, sensors, and the like.
    • Lithium and sodium batteries with polysulfide electrolyte

      Li, Mengliu; Ming, Jun; Li, Lain-Jong (2017-12-28)
      A battery comprising: at least one cathode, at least one anode, at least one battery separator, and at least one electrolyte disposed in the separator, wherein the anode is a lithium metal or lithium alloy anode or an anode adapted for intercalation of lithium ion, wherein the cathode comprises material adapted for reversible lithium extraction from and insertion into the cathode, and wherein the separator comprises at least one porous, electronically conductive layer and at least one insulating layer, and wherein the electrolyte comprises at least one polysulfide anion. The battery provides for high energy density and capacity. A redox species is introduced into the electrolyte which creates a hybrid battery. Sodium metal and sodium-ion batteries also provided.
    • Periodic mesoporous organosilica-doped nanocomposite membranes and systems including same

      Hammami, Mohamed Amen; Francis, Lijo; Croissant, Jonas; Ghaffour, NorEddine; Alsaiari, Shahad; Khashab, Niveen M. (2017-12-28)
      A periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO) nanoparticle functionalized nanocomposite membrane (NCM) for membrane distillation, the NCM including: polymer fibers such as polyetherimide fibers aggregated into a matrix; and hydrophobic PMO nanoparticles disposed on the polymer fibers. The PMO nanoparticles include a framework connected by organic groups and pentafluorophenyl groups. Good membrane flux and anti-fouling was demonstrated. Membranes can be prepared by electrospinning.
    • Decal electronics for printed high performance cmos electronic systems

      Hussain, Muhammad Mustafa; Sevilla, Galo Torres; Cordero, Marlon Diaz; Kutbee, Arwa T. (2017-11-23)
      High performance complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) electronics are critical for any full-fledged electronic system. However, state-of-the-art CMOS electronics are rigid and bulky making them unusable for flexible electronic applications. While there exist bulk material reduction methods to flex them, such thinned CMOS electronics are fragile and vulnerable to handling for high throughput manufacturing. Here, we show a fusion of a CMOS technology compatible fabrication process for flexible CMOS electronics, with inkjet and conductive cellulose based interconnects, followed by additive manufacturing (i.e. 3D printing based packaging) and finally roll-to-roll printing of packaged decal electronics (thin film transistors based circuit components and sensors) focusing on printed high performance flexible electronic systems. This work provides the most pragmatic route for packaged flexible electronic systems for wide ranging applications.
    • Graphene oxide particles and method of making and using them

      Rasul, Shahid; Da Costa, Pedro M. F. J.; Alazmi, Amira (2017-12-07)
      The present invention is an improved method of production of graphenic materials used to store energy and the energy storage systems using such produced graphenic materials. Provided herein is a method of producing graphene oxide that includes oxidizing graphite powder in a mixture of H3PO4 and H2SO4 in the presence of KMnO4, wherein the ratio of graphite powder to KMnO4 is about 1:9 by weight and the ratio of H3PO4 to H2SO4 is about 1:9 by volume, to produce graphene oxide; dispersing the graphene oxide in water at an acidic pH (e.g., about 0) to form a solution; adjusting the solution to about a neutral pH; and isolating the graphene oxide. An energy storage device is provided herein that includes the graphene oxide made by the disclosed methods or that includes the population (plurality) of reduced graphene oxide particles having the properties disclosed herein, such as batteries and supercapacitors.
    • System and method for acquiring and inverting sparse-frequency data

      Alkhalifah, Tariq Ali (2017-11-30)
      A method of imaging an object includes generating a plurality of mono-frequency waveforms and applying the plurality of mono-frequency waveforms to the object to be modeled. In addition, sparse mono-frequency data is recorded in response to the plurality of mono-frequency waveforms applied to the object to be modeled. The sparse mono-frequency data is cross-correlated with one or more source functions each having a frequency approximately equal to each of the plurality of mono-frequency waveforms to obtain monochromatic frequency data. The monochromatic frequency data is utilized in an inversion to converge a model to a minimum value.
    • Active mems microbeam device for gas detection

      Bouchaala, Adam M.; Jaber, Nizar; Younis, Mohammad I. (2017-10-05)
      Sensors and active switches for applications in gas detection and other fields are described. The devices are based on the softening and hardening nonlinear response behaviors of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) clamped-clamped microbeams. In that context, embodiments of gas-triggered MEMS microbeam sensors and switches are described. The microbeam devices can be coated with a Metal-Organic Framework to achieve high sensitivity. For gas sensing, an amplitude-based tracking algorithm can be used to quantify an amount of gas captured by the devices according to frequency shift. Noise analysis is also conducted according to the embodiments, which shows that the microbeam devices have high stability against thermal noise. The microbeam devices are also suitable for the generation of binary sensing information for alarming, for example.
    • System and method for free-boundary surface extraction

      Algarni, Marei Saeed Mohammed; Sundaramoorthi, Ganesh (2017-10-26)
      A method of extracting surfaces in three-dimensional data includes receiving as inputs three-dimensional data and a seed point p located on a surface to be extracted. The method further includes propagating a front outwardly from the seed point p and extracting a plurality of ridge curves based on the propagated front. A surface boundary is detected based on a comparison of distances between adjacent ridge curves and the desired surface is extracted based on the detected surface boundary.
    • Nanoneedles for intracellular applications

      Kosel, Jürgen; Kavaldzhiev, Mincho Nikolaev; Perez, Jose Efrain (2017-07-13)
      Nanoneedles and nanoneedle arrays and methods of making nanoneedles are provided. The methods can include multilayer fabrication methods using a negative photoresist and/or a positive photoresist. The nanoneedle arrays include one or more nanoneedles attached to a surface of a substrate. The nanoneedle can have both a proximal opening and a distal opening, and an inner passageway connecting the proximal opening and the distal opening. The nanoneedle can have a functional coating. The nanoneedle can include iron, cobalt, nickel, gold, and oxides and alloys thereof. The nanoneedle arrays can be used for the administration and/or the extraction of agents from individual cells. In one or more aspects, the nanoneedles can be magnetic nanoneedles. An oscillating magnetic field applied to a magnetic nanoneedle can induce one or both of heating and vibration of the magnetic nanoneedle. The heating and/or vibration can cause a magnetic nanoneedle to penetrate the wall of a cell.