Asymmetric catalysis with readily available, cheap, and non-toxic alkaline earth metal catalysts represents a sustainable alternative to conventional synthesis methodologies. In this context, we describe the development of a first MgII-catalyzed enantioselective hydroboration providing the products with excellent yields and enantioselectivities. NMR spectroscopy studies and DFT calculations provide insights into the reaction mechanism and the origin of the enantioselectivity which can be explained by a metal-ligand cooperative catalysis pathway involving a non-innocent ligand.
Lebedev, Yury; Polishchuk, Iuliia; Maity, Bholanath; Dinis Veloso Guerreiro, Miguel; Cavallo, Luigi; Rueping, Magnus(Journal of the American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society (ACS), 2019-11-09)[Article]
A series of methyl aluminum complexes bearing chiral biphenol-type ligands were found to be highly active catalysts in the asymmetric reduction of heterocyclic ketones (S/C = 100-500, ee up to 99%). The protocol is suitable for a wide range of substrates and has a high tolerance to functional groups. The formed 2-heterocyclic-alcohols are valuable building blocks in drug discovery or can be used as ligands in asymmetric catalysis. Isolation and comprehensive characterization of the reaction intermediates support a catalysis cycle proposed by DFT calculations.
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