Harrou, Fouzi; Zerrouki, Nabil; Sun, Ying; Houacine, Amrane(IEEE Access, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2019-08-22)[Article]
Falls are an important healthcare problem for vulnerable persons like seniors. Response to potential emergencies can be fastened timely detection and classification of falls. This paper addresses the detection of human falls using relevant pixel-based features reflecting variations in body shape. Specifically, the human body is divided into five partitions that correspond to five partial occupancy areas. For each frame, area ratios are calculated and used as input data for fall detection and classification. First, the detection of falls is addressed from a statistical point of view as an anomaly detection problem. Towards this end, an integrated approach merging a detection step with a classification step is proposed for enabling efficient human fall detection in a home environment. In this regard, an effective fall detection approach using generalized likelihood ratio (GLR) scheme is designed. However, a GLR scheme cannot discriminate between true falls and like-fall events, such as lying down. To mitigate this limitation, the support vector machine algorithm has been successfully applied on features of the detected fall to recognize the type of fall. Tests on two publicly available datasets show the effectiveness of the proposed approach to appropriately detecting and identifying falls. Compared with the neural network, k-nearest neighbor, decision tree and naïve Bayes procedures, the two steps approach achieved better detection performance.
Madakyaru, Muddu; Harrou, Fouzi; Sun, Ying(IEEE Sensors Journal, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2019-08-22)[Article]
Fault detection in industrial systems plays a core role in improving their safety, productivity and avoiding expensive maintenance. This paper proposed and veried data-driven anomaly detection schemes based on a nonlinear latent variable model and statistical monitoring algorithms. Integrating both the suitable characteristics of partial least squares (PLS) and adaptive neural network fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) procedure, PLS-ANFIS model is employed to allow for flexible modeling of multivariable nonlinear processes. Furthermore, PLS-ANFIS modeling was connected with k-nearest neighbors (kNN)-based data mining schemes and employed for nonlinear process monitoring. Specifically, residuals generated from the PLS-ANFIS model are used as the input to the kNN-based mechanism to uncover anomalies in the data. Moreover, kNN-based exponentially smoothing with parametric and nonparametric thresholds is adopted to better anomaly detection. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is evaluated using real measurements from an actual bubble cap distillation column.
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