Al-Jabr, Ahmad; Mishra, Pawan; Majid, Mohammed Abdul; Ng, Tien Khee; Ooi, Boon S.(Journal of Nanophotonics, SPIE-Intl Soc Optical Eng, 2016-07-28)[Article]
We achieved considerable laser diode (LD) improvement after annealing InGaP/InAlGaP laser structure at 950°C for a total annealing time of 2 min. The photoluminescence intensity is increased by 10 folds and full-wave at half-maximum is reduced from ∼30 to 20 nm. The measured LDs exhibited significantly reduced threshold current (Ith), from 2 to 1.5 A for a 1-mm long LD, improved internal efficiency (ηi), from 63% to 68%, and increased internal losses αi, from 14.3 to 18.6 cm−1. Our work suggests that the use of strain-induced quantum well intermixing is a viable solution for high-efficiency AlGaInP devices at shorter wavelengths. The advent of laser-based solid-state lighting (SSL) and visible-light communications (VLC) highlighted the importance of the current findings, which are aimed at improving color quality and photodetector received power in SSL and VLC, respectively, via annealed red LDs.
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