Xin, Bin; Pak, Yusin; Mitra, Somak; Almalawi, Dhaifallah; Alwadai, Norah M.; Zhang, Yuhai; Roqan, Iman S.(ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, American Chemical Society (ACS), 2019-01-08)[Article]
All-inorganic lead halide perovskites are promising materials for many optoelectronic applications. However, two issues that arise during device fabrication hinder their practical use, namely inadequate continuity of coated inorganic perovskite films across large areas and inability to integrate these films with traditional photolithography due to poor adhesion to wafers. Herein, for the first time, to address these issues, we show a room-temperature synthesis process employed to produce of CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals with two-dimensional (2D) nanosheet features. Due to the unique properties of these 2D nanocrystals, including the “self-assembly” characteristic, and “double solvent evaporation induced self-patterning” strategy are used to generate high-quality patterned thin films in selected areas automatically after-drop-casting, enabling fabrication of high-performance devices without using complex and expensive fabrication processing techniques. The films are free from micro-cracks. In a proof-of-concept experiment, photodetector arrays are used to demonstrate the superior properties of such films. We provide evidence of both high responsivity (9.04 A/W) and high stability across large areas. The photodetectors fabricated on flexible substrate exhibit outstanding photo-response stability. Advanced optical and structural studies reveal the possible mechanism. Our simple and cost-effective method paves the way for the next-generation nanotechnology based on high-performance, cost-effective optoelectronic devices.
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