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  • Report

    Climate Futures Report: Saudi Arabia in a 3 degrees warmer world

    (KAUST, AEON Collective, KAPSARC, 2023-10-11) McCabe, Matthew; AlShalan, Mashael; Hejazi, Mohamad; Beck, Hylke; Maestre, Fernando T.; Guirado, Emilio; Peixoto, Raquel S; Duarte, Carlos M.; Wada, Yoshihide; Al-Ghamdi, Sami; Al Saud, Noura; Underwood, Malissa; Magistretti, Pierre J.; Gallouzi, I. E.; Climate and Livability Initiative, Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia; Climate and Livability Initiative, Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia; Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division; Earth Science and Engineering Program; Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division; Marine Science Program; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Center for Desert Agriculture; Plant Science; KAUST Smart Health Initiative; Bioscience Program; AEON Collective, Saudi Arabia; Climate and Sustainability Program, King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), Saudi Arabia; Department of Ecology & Multidisciplinary Institute for Environment Studies “Ramón Margalef”, University of Alicante, Spain
  • Book

    Polypropylene Melt-Blown Fiber Mats and Their Composites

    (Springer Nature Switzerland, 2023) Kara, Yahya; Mechanics of Composites for Energy and Mobility Laboratory, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division; Mechanical Engineering Program

    This series provides topical information on innovative, structural and functional materials and composites with applications in optical, electrical, mechanical, civil, aeronautical, medical, bio- and nano-engineering. The individual volumes are complete, comprehensive monographs covering the structure, properties, manufacturing process and applications of these materials. This multidisciplinary series is devoted to professionals, students and all those interested in the latest developments in the Materials Science field, that look for a carefully selected collection of high quality review articles on their respective field of expertise.

  • Book

    Sustainable Separation Engineering: Materials, Techniques and Process Development

    (Wiley, 2022-03-29) Szekely, Gyorgy; Zhao, Dan

    Sustainable Separation Engineering Explore an insightful collection of resources exploring conventional and emerging materials and techniques for separations, In Sustainable Separation Engineering: Materials, Techniques and Process Development, a team of distinguished chemical engineers delivers a comprehensive discussion of the latest trends in sustainable separation engineering. Designed to facilitate understanding and knowledge transfer between materials scientists and chemical engineers, the book is beneficial for scientists, practitioners, technologists, and industrial managers. Written from a sustainability perspective, the status and need for more emphasis on sustainable separations in the chemical engineering curriculum is highlighted. The accomplished editors have included contributions that explore a variety of conventional and emerging materials and techniques for efficient separations, as well as the prospects for the use of artificial intelligence in separation science and technology. Case studies round out the included material, discussing a broad range of separation applications, like battery recycling, carbon sequestration, and biofuel production. This edited volume also provides: Thorough introductions to green materials for sustainable separations, as well as advanced materials for sustainable oil and water separation, Comprehensive explorations of the recycling of lithium batteries and ionic liquids for sustainable separation processes, Practical discussions of carbon sequestration, the recycling of polymer materials, and AI for the development of separation materials and processes, In-depth examinations of membranes for sustainable separations, green extraction processes, and adsorption processes for sustainable separations, Perfect for academic and industrial researchers interested in the green and sustainable aspects of separation science, Sustainable Separation Engineering: Materials, Techniques and Process Development is an indispensable resource for chemical engineers, materials scientists, polymer scientists, and renewable energy professionals.

  • Book

    Modeling and Simulation for Collective Dynamics

    (WORLD SCIENTIFIC, 2023-02) Bao, Weizhu; Markowich, Peter A; Perthame, Benoit; Tadmor, Eitan

    The thematic program Quantum and Kinetic Problems: Modeling, Analysis, Numerics and Applications was held at the Institute for Mathematical Sciences at the National University of Singapore, from September 2019 to March 2020. Leading experts presented tutorials and special lectures geared towards the participating graduate students and junior researchers.

    Readers will find in this significant volume four expanded lecture notes with self-contained tutorials on modeling and simulation for collective dynamics including individual and population approaches for population dynamics in mathematical biology, collective behaviors for Lohe type aggregation models, mean-field particle swarm optimization, and consensus-based optimization and ensemble Kalman inversion for global optimization problems with constraints.

    This volume serves to inspire graduate students and researchers who will embark into original research work in kinetic models for collective dynamics and their applications

  • Book

    Handbook of Synthetic Methodologies and Protocols of Nanomaterials

    (World Scientific, 2019-07-24) Zhu, Yihan; Han, Yu

    Nanomaterials have at least one reduced dimension while generally exhibiting outstanding optical, electrical and magnetic properties compared to bulk materials. These exceptional properties have prompted the application of nanomaterials across the fields of chemistry, physics, materals science and biology. During the past decades, significant progress has been made on every aspect of the development of nanomaterials, from their synthesis to their characterization and to their applications. Among these advances, the technological and methodological innovations associated with the structural characterizations of nanomaterials have provided important insights into their structure-property relationships, bridged the gap between their synthesis and applications, and led to many groundbreaking scientific discoveries. In this volume, we introduce diverse characterization techniques and associated methods, with an emphasis on their importance to the development of nanomaterials.

    Many techniques have been developed to characterize nanomaterials in multi-dimensions and at multi-scales, using various probing particles or fields. These techniques allow comprehensive and correlated elucidation of the atomic, electronic, phononic and magnetic structures of nanomaterials, spanning the spatial, temporal, energy and momentum dimensions. When optical photons are used as the probing particles, such as in static/dynamic light scattering or vibrational spectroscopy, the morphological, structural, and vibrational properties of nanomaterials along with their dynamics can be collected, based on diverse elastic or inelastic scattering events. The X-ray photons that adopt a higher energy are predominantly scattered by the electrons of atoms and allow the atomic and electronic structures of nanomaterials to be probed over various coherence lengths by using diffraction- or absorption-based techniques. The electrons, as charged probing particles, feature much shorter wavelengths and stronger interactions with matter, and offer the possibility of direct imaging of the nanomaterials' structures down to atomic resolution via electron microscopy and associated techniques. Nanomaterials may also be probed by various fields arising from atomic and electrostatic forces as well as electric and magnetic dipoles, using scanning-probe microscopy/spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to provide surface- and/or bulk-sensitive structural information.

    In this volume, we aim to integrate broad aspects of relevant characterization techniques and methods used on nanomaterials, covering basic principles, instruments, protocols and examples, to appeal to a wide range of researchers working on nanoscience and nanomaterials.