Adsorption desalination—Principles, process design, and its hybrids for future sustainable desalination

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/627838
Title:
Adsorption desalination—Principles, process design, and its hybrids for future sustainable desalination
Authors:
Shahzad, Muhammad Wakil; Burhan, Muhammad; Ang, Li; Ng, Kim Choon ( 0000-0003-3930-4127 )
Abstract:
The energy, water, and environment nexus is a crucial factor when considering the future development of desalination plants or industry in water-stressed economies. The new generation of desalination processes or plants has to meet the stringent environment discharge requirements and yet the industry remains highly energy efficient and sustainable when producing good potable water. Water sources, either brackish or seawater, have become more contaminated as feed while the demand for desalination capacities increases around the world. One immediate solution for energy efficiency improvement comes from the hybridization of the proven desalination processes to the newer processes of desalination: For example, the integration of the available heat-driven to adsorption desalination (AD) cycles where significant thermodynamic synergy can be attained when cycles are combined. For these hybrid cycles, a quantum improvement in energy efficiency as well as an increase in water production can be expected. The advent of MED with AD cycles, or simply called the MED-AD cycles, is one such example where seawater desalination can be pursued and operated in cogeneration with the electricity production plants: The hybrid desalination cycles utilize only the low exergy bled-stream at low temperatures, complemented with waste exhaust or renewable solar thermal heat at temperatures between 60°C and 80°C. In this chapter, the authors have reported their pioneered research on aspects of AD and related hybrid MED-AD cycles, both at theoretical models and experimental pilots. Using the cogeneration of electricity and desalination concepts, the authors examine the cost apportionment of fuel cost by the quality or exergy of the working steam for such cogeneration configurations.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Environmental Science and Engineering Program
Citation:
Shahzad MW, Burhan M, Ang L, Ng KC (2018) Adsorption desalination—Principles, process design, and its hybrids for future sustainable desalination. Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook: 3–34. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-815818-0.00001-1.
Publisher:
Elsevier
Journal:
Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook
KAUST Grant Number:
7000000411
Issue Date:
3-May-2018
DOI:
10.1016/b978-0-12-815818-0.00001-1
Type:
Book Chapter
Sponsors:
The authors acknowledge the King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST) (Project no. 7000000411) for the financial support for MED-AD pilot project.
Additional Links:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128158180000011
Appears in Collections:
Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Book Chapters; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorShahzad, Muhammad Wakilen
dc.contributor.authorBurhan, Muhammaden
dc.contributor.authorAng, Lien
dc.contributor.authorNg, Kim Choonen
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-14T13:37:05Z-
dc.date.available2018-05-14T13:37:05Z-
dc.date.issued2018-05-03en
dc.identifier.citationShahzad MW, Burhan M, Ang L, Ng KC (2018) Adsorption desalination—Principles, process design, and its hybrids for future sustainable desalination. Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook: 3–34. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-815818-0.00001-1.en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/b978-0-12-815818-0.00001-1en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/627838-
dc.description.abstractThe energy, water, and environment nexus is a crucial factor when considering the future development of desalination plants or industry in water-stressed economies. The new generation of desalination processes or plants has to meet the stringent environment discharge requirements and yet the industry remains highly energy efficient and sustainable when producing good potable water. Water sources, either brackish or seawater, have become more contaminated as feed while the demand for desalination capacities increases around the world. One immediate solution for energy efficiency improvement comes from the hybridization of the proven desalination processes to the newer processes of desalination: For example, the integration of the available heat-driven to adsorption desalination (AD) cycles where significant thermodynamic synergy can be attained when cycles are combined. For these hybrid cycles, a quantum improvement in energy efficiency as well as an increase in water production can be expected. The advent of MED with AD cycles, or simply called the MED-AD cycles, is one such example where seawater desalination can be pursued and operated in cogeneration with the electricity production plants: The hybrid desalination cycles utilize only the low exergy bled-stream at low temperatures, complemented with waste exhaust or renewable solar thermal heat at temperatures between 60°C and 80°C. In this chapter, the authors have reported their pioneered research on aspects of AD and related hybrid MED-AD cycles, both at theoretical models and experimental pilots. Using the cogeneration of electricity and desalination concepts, the authors examine the cost apportionment of fuel cost by the quality or exergy of the working steam for such cogeneration configurations.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors acknowledge the King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST) (Project no. 7000000411) for the financial support for MED-AD pilot project.en
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128158180000011en
dc.subjectSeawater desalinationen
dc.subjectAdsorption desalinationen
dc.subjectMultieffect distillation and MED-AD cyclesen
dc.titleAdsorption desalination—Principles, process design, and its hybrids for future sustainable desalinationen
dc.typeBook Chapteren
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Programen
dc.identifier.journalEmerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbooken
kaust.authorShahzad, Muhammad Wakilen
kaust.authorBurhan, Muhammaden
kaust.authorAng, Lien
kaust.authorNg, Kim Choonen
kaust.grant.number7000000411en
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