Microplastic in the gastrointestinal tract of fishes along the Saudi Arabian Red Sea coast

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/627673
Title:
Microplastic in the gastrointestinal tract of fishes along the Saudi Arabian Red Sea coast
Authors:
Baalkhuyur, Fadiyah M.; Bin Dohaish, El-Jawaher A.; Elhalwagy, Manal E.A.; Mannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeel; Al-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.; Røstad, Anders ( 0000-0002-2512-9033 ) ; Coker, Darren James ( 0000-0002-5099-0984 ) ; Berumen, Michael L. ( 0000-0003-2463-2742 ) ; Duarte, Carlos M. ( 0000-0002-1213-1361 )
Abstract:
This study assesses the presence of microplastic litter in the contents of the gastrointestinal tract of 26 commercial and non-commercial fish species from four difference habitats sampled along the Saudi Arabian coast of the Red Sea. A total of 178 individual were examined for microplastics. In total, 26 microplastic fragments were found. Of these, 16 being films (61.5%) and 10 being fishing thread (38.5%). FTIR analysis revealed that the most abundant polymers were polypropylene and polyethylene. The grouper (Epinephelus spp.) sampled at Jazan registered the highest number of ingested microplastics. This fish species is benthic and feeds on benthic invertebrates. Although differences in the abundance of microplastic ingestion among species were not statistically significant, a significant change was observed when the level of ingestion of microplastics particles was compared among the habitats. The higher abundance of microplastics particles may be related to the habitats of fish and the presence of microplastics debris near the seabed. The results of this study represent a first evidence that microplastic pollution represents an emerging threat to Red Sea fishes, their food web and human consumers.
KAUST Department:
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Marine Science Program; King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Beacon Development Company, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Citation:
Baalkhuyur FM, Bin Dohaish E-JA, Elhalwagy MEA, Alikunhi NM, AlSuwailem AM, et al. (2018) Microplastic in the gastrointestinal tract of fishes along the Saudi Arabian Red Sea coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin 131: 407–415. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.040.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Issue Date:
24-Apr-2018
DOI:
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.040
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0025-326X
Sponsors:
This work was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through baseline funding to C.M. Duarte. We thank Elisa Marti and Cecilia Martin for all their help and support, and Omar El Tall for his assistance with FTIR and technical support.
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X18302625
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Marine Science Program; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBaalkhuyur, Fadiyah M.en
dc.contributor.authorBin Dohaish, El-Jawaher A.en
dc.contributor.authorElhalwagy, Manal E.A.en
dc.contributor.authorMannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeelen
dc.contributor.authorAl-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.en
dc.contributor.authorRøstad, Andersen
dc.contributor.authorCoker, Darren Jamesen
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-26T05:43:37Z-
dc.date.available2018-04-26T05:43:37Z-
dc.date.issued2018-04-24en
dc.identifier.citationBaalkhuyur FM, Bin Dohaish E-JA, Elhalwagy MEA, Alikunhi NM, AlSuwailem AM, et al. (2018) Microplastic in the gastrointestinal tract of fishes along the Saudi Arabian Red Sea coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin 131: 407–415. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.040.en
dc.identifier.issn0025-326Xen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.040en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/627673-
dc.description.abstractThis study assesses the presence of microplastic litter in the contents of the gastrointestinal tract of 26 commercial and non-commercial fish species from four difference habitats sampled along the Saudi Arabian coast of the Red Sea. A total of 178 individual were examined for microplastics. In total, 26 microplastic fragments were found. Of these, 16 being films (61.5%) and 10 being fishing thread (38.5%). FTIR analysis revealed that the most abundant polymers were polypropylene and polyethylene. The grouper (Epinephelus spp.) sampled at Jazan registered the highest number of ingested microplastics. This fish species is benthic and feeds on benthic invertebrates. Although differences in the abundance of microplastic ingestion among species were not statistically significant, a significant change was observed when the level of ingestion of microplastics particles was compared among the habitats. The higher abundance of microplastics particles may be related to the habitats of fish and the presence of microplastics debris near the seabed. The results of this study represent a first evidence that microplastic pollution represents an emerging threat to Red Sea fishes, their food web and human consumers.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through baseline funding to C.M. Duarte. We thank Elisa Marti and Cecilia Martin for all their help and support, and Omar El Tall for his assistance with FTIR and technical support.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X18302625en
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Marine Pollution Bulletin. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Marine Pollution Bulletin, 24 April 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.040. © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectStomach contenten
dc.subjectFT-IRen
dc.subjectPolymeren
dc.subjectCommercial fishen
dc.subjectGrouperen
dc.subjectMesopelagic fishen
dc.titleMicroplastic in the gastrointestinal tract of fishes along the Saudi Arabian Red Sea coasten
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Programen
dc.contributor.departmentKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Beacon Development Company, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.journalMarine Pollution Bulletinen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
dc.contributor.institutionKing Abdulaziz University (KAU), Al Faisaliah Branch, Department of Zoology, Jeddah 51459-21453, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.contributor.institutionKing Abdulaziz University (KAU), Al Faisaliah Branch, Department of Biochemistry, Jeddah 51459-21453, Saudi Arabiaen
kaust.authorBaalkhuyur, Fadiyah M.en
kaust.authorMannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeelen
kaust.authorAl-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.en
kaust.authorRøstad, Andersen
kaust.authorCoker, Darren Jamesen
kaust.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
kaust.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
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