Bacterial cell numbers and community structures of seawater biofilms depend on the attachment substratum

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/627031
Title:
Bacterial cell numbers and community structures of seawater biofilms depend on the attachment substratum
Authors:
Yap, Scott A.; Scarascia, Giantommaso ( 0000-0003-3202-9871 ) ; Hong, Pei-Ying ( 0000-0002-4474-6600 )
Abstract:
Seawater is increasingly being used as a source for various industrial applications. For such applications, biofilm growth creates various problems including but not limited to pipe biocorrosion. In this study, it is hypothesized that the material type is preferred by certain bacterial populations in the seawater to attach and establish biofilms. By comparing differences in the total cell counts and microbial communities attached to high-density polyethylene (HDPE), polycarbonate, stainless steel (SS316) and titanium, the appropriate material can be used to minimize biofilm growth. All four materials have hydrophilic surfaces, but polycarbonate exhibits higher surface roughness. There were no significant differences in the cell numbers attached to polycarbonate, HDPE and titanium. Instead, there were significantly fewer cells attached to SS316. However, there was a higher relative abundance of genera associated with opportunistic pathogens on SS316. Copy numbers of genes representing Desulfobacteraceae and Desulfobulbaceae, both of which are sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB), were approximately 10-fold higher in biofilms sampled from SS316. The enrichment of SRB in the biofilm associated with SS316 indicates that this material may be prone to biocorrosion. This study highlights the need for industries to consider the choice of material used in seawater applications to minimize microbial-associated problems.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Citation:
Yap SA, Scarascia G, Hong P-Y (2017) Bacterial cell numbers and community structures of seawater biofilms depend on the attachment substratum. DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT 97: 41–71. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2017.21600.
Publisher:
Desalination Publications
Journal:
DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT
KAUST Grant Number:
URF/1/2982-01-01
Issue Date:
2-Feb-2018
DOI:
10.5004/dwt.2017.21600
Type:
Article
Sponsors:
The research reported in this publication was supported by CRG funding URF/1/2982-01-01 from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) awarded to P.-Y. Hong.
Additional Links:
http://www.deswater.com/DWT_abstracts/vol_97/97_2017_41.pdf
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorYap, Scott A.en
dc.contributor.authorScarascia, Giantommasoen
dc.contributor.authorHong, Pei-Yingen
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-04T06:05:30Z-
dc.date.available2018-02-04T06:05:30Z-
dc.date.issued2018-02-02en
dc.identifier.citationYap SA, Scarascia G, Hong P-Y (2017) Bacterial cell numbers and community structures of seawater biofilms depend on the attachment substratum. DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT 97: 41–71. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2017.21600.en
dc.identifier.doi10.5004/dwt.2017.21600en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/627031-
dc.description.abstractSeawater is increasingly being used as a source for various industrial applications. For such applications, biofilm growth creates various problems including but not limited to pipe biocorrosion. In this study, it is hypothesized that the material type is preferred by certain bacterial populations in the seawater to attach and establish biofilms. By comparing differences in the total cell counts and microbial communities attached to high-density polyethylene (HDPE), polycarbonate, stainless steel (SS316) and titanium, the appropriate material can be used to minimize biofilm growth. All four materials have hydrophilic surfaces, but polycarbonate exhibits higher surface roughness. There were no significant differences in the cell numbers attached to polycarbonate, HDPE and titanium. Instead, there were significantly fewer cells attached to SS316. However, there was a higher relative abundance of genera associated with opportunistic pathogens on SS316. Copy numbers of genes representing Desulfobacteraceae and Desulfobulbaceae, both of which are sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB), were approximately 10-fold higher in biofilms sampled from SS316. The enrichment of SRB in the biofilm associated with SS316 indicates that this material may be prone to biocorrosion. This study highlights the need for industries to consider the choice of material used in seawater applications to minimize microbial-associated problems.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research reported in this publication was supported by CRG funding URF/1/2982-01-01 from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) awarded to P.-Y. Hong.en
dc.publisherDesalination Publicationsen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.deswater.com/DWT_abstracts/vol_97/97_2017_41.pdfen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Desalination and Water Treatmenten
dc.subjectBiocorrosionen
dc.subjectBiofoulingen
dc.subjectPolycarbonateen
dc.subjectPolyethyleneen
dc.subjectStainless steelen
dc.subjectSulfate-reducing bacteriaen
dc.subjectTitaniumen
dc.titleBacterial cell numbers and community structures of seawater biofilms depend on the attachment substratumen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.identifier.journalDESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENTen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
kaust.authorYap, Scott A.en
kaust.authorScarascia, Giantommasoen
kaust.authorHong, Pei-Yingen
kaust.grant.numberURF/1/2982-01-01en
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