Polyoxadiazole hollow fibers for produced water treatment by direct contact membrane distillation

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/626980
Title:
Polyoxadiazole hollow fibers for produced water treatment by direct contact membrane distillation
Authors:
Xu, Jingli ( 0000-0002-4333-9544 ) ; Srivatsa Bettahalli, N.M.; Chisca, Stefan; Khalid, Mohammed Khalil; Ghaffour, Noreddine ( 0000-0003-2095-4736 ) ; Vilagines, Régis; Nunes, Suzana Pereira ( 0000-0002-3669-138X )
Abstract:
Treatment of produced water in the petroleum industry has been a challenge worldwide. In this study, we evaluated the use of direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) for this purpose, removing oil and dissolved elements and supplying clean water from waste. We synthesized fluorinated polyoxadiazole, a highly hydrophobic polymer, to fabricate hollow fiber membranes, which were optimized and tested for simulated produced water and real produced water treatment. The process performance was investigated under different operating parameters, such as feed temperature, feed flow velocity and length of the membrane module for 4 days. The results indicate that by increasing feed temperature and feed flow rate the vapor flux increases. The flux decreased with increasing the length of the module due to the decrease of the driving force along the module. The fouling behavior, which corresponds to flux decline and cleaning efficiency of the membrane, was studied. The performance of the fabricated hollow fiber membranes was demonstrated for the treatment of produced water, complying with the industrial reuse and discharge limits.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Analytical Core Lab
Citation:
Xu J, Srivatsa Bettahalli NM, Chisca S, Khalid MK, Ghaffour N, et al. (2018) Polyoxadiazole hollow fibers for produced water treatment by direct contact membrane distillation. Desalination 432: 32–39. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2017.12.014.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Desalination
Issue Date:
8-Jan-2018
DOI:
10.1016/j.desal.2017.12.014
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0011-9164
Sponsors:
The research reported in this publication was financially supported by Saudi Aramco (Reference – RGC/3/1582-01-01) and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors thank colleagues of the Nanostructured Polymeric Membrane Lab (npm.kaust.edu.sa) and Water Desalination and Reuse Center (WDRC) for their valuable scientific inputs and data analysis.
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0011916417319203
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Analytical Core Lab; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorXu, Jinglien
dc.contributor.authorSrivatsa Bettahalli, N.M.en
dc.contributor.authorChisca, Stefanen
dc.contributor.authorKhalid, Mohammed Khalilen
dc.contributor.authorGhaffour, Noreddineen
dc.contributor.authorVilagines, Régisen
dc.contributor.authorNunes, Suzana Pereiraen
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-01T07:25:01Z-
dc.date.available2018-02-01T07:25:01Z-
dc.date.issued2018-01-08en
dc.identifier.citationXu J, Srivatsa Bettahalli NM, Chisca S, Khalid MK, Ghaffour N, et al. (2018) Polyoxadiazole hollow fibers for produced water treatment by direct contact membrane distillation. Desalination 432: 32–39. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2017.12.014.en
dc.identifier.issn0011-9164en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.desal.2017.12.014en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/626980-
dc.description.abstractTreatment of produced water in the petroleum industry has been a challenge worldwide. In this study, we evaluated the use of direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) for this purpose, removing oil and dissolved elements and supplying clean water from waste. We synthesized fluorinated polyoxadiazole, a highly hydrophobic polymer, to fabricate hollow fiber membranes, which were optimized and tested for simulated produced water and real produced water treatment. The process performance was investigated under different operating parameters, such as feed temperature, feed flow velocity and length of the membrane module for 4 days. The results indicate that by increasing feed temperature and feed flow rate the vapor flux increases. The flux decreased with increasing the length of the module due to the decrease of the driving force along the module. The fouling behavior, which corresponds to flux decline and cleaning efficiency of the membrane, was studied. The performance of the fabricated hollow fiber membranes was demonstrated for the treatment of produced water, complying with the industrial reuse and discharge limits.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research reported in this publication was financially supported by Saudi Aramco (Reference – RGC/3/1582-01-01) and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors thank colleagues of the Nanostructured Polymeric Membrane Lab (npm.kaust.edu.sa) and Water Desalination and Reuse Center (WDRC) for their valuable scientific inputs and data analysis.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0011916417319203en
dc.subjectHollow fibersen
dc.subjectPolyoxadiazoleen
dc.subjectProduced wateren
dc.subjectMembrane distillationen
dc.titlePolyoxadiazole hollow fibers for produced water treatment by direct contact membrane distillationen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Programen
dc.contributor.departmentAnalytical Core Laben
dc.identifier.journalDesalinationen
dc.contributor.institutionXuchang University, Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Department, Chinaen
dc.contributor.institutionSaudi Aramco, Oil & Gas Treatment Division, 31311 Dhahran, Saudi Arabiaen
kaust.authorXu, Jinglien
kaust.authorSrivatsa Bettahalli, N.M.en
kaust.authorChisca, Stefanen
kaust.authorKhalid, Mohammed Khalilen
kaust.authorGhaffour, Noreddineen
kaust.authorNunes, Suzana Pereiraen
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