A Robust CuCr2O4/SiO2 Composite Photothermal Material with Underwater Black Property and Extremely High Thermal Stability for Solar-Driven Water Evaporation

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/626741
Title:
A Robust CuCr2O4/SiO2 Composite Photothermal Material with Underwater Black Property and Extremely High Thermal Stability for Solar-Driven Water Evaporation
Authors:
Shi, Yusuf; Li, Renyuan ( 0000-0003-1943-9403 ) ; Shi, Le ( 0000-0003-1794-1256 ) ; Ahmed, Elaf ( 0000-0002-1828-4166 ) ; Jin, Yong ( 0000-0002-4929-4623 ) ; Wang, Peng ( 0000-0003-0856-0865 )
Abstract:
The design and fabrication of efficient photothermal materials is the key issue in solar-driven water evaporation. In this work, a robust CuCr2O4/SiO2 composite membrane with outstanding solar-driven water evaporation performance (1.32 kg m−2 h−1) under one sun irradiation is rationally designed and synthesized by using quartz glass fibrous membrane as supporting matrix and stable CuCr2O4 particles as the active light absorber. Instead of coating a separate layer on top of the support, the CuCr2O4 particles are evenly distributed inside the matrix, which endows the membrane with great mechanical strength and excellent wear and abrasion resistance. The highly porous composite survives 6 atm pressure and retains its performance even after 75% of the membrane is removed by sandpaper. This work also looks into a generally overlooked aspect of wet versus dry state of photothermal material and its implications. Interestingly, the composite possesses a gray color with a high reflectance in dry state but turns into deep black with a low reflectance in wet state due to the decreased subsurface scattering and strong NIR light absorbance of water in wet state. This composite material also possesses excellent thermal stability and thermal shock resistance, making it able to be easily recovered by calcination in air or direct burning in fire for contaminants removal. The results demonstrate that this composite is a competitive photothermal material for practical solar distillation and indicate that the optical properties of material in wet state are more relevant to photothermal material screening and optimization for solar distillation.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Citation:
Shi Y, Li R, Shi L, Ahmed E, Jin Y, et al. (2017) A Robust CuCr2O4/SiO2 Composite Photothermal Material with Underwater Black Property and Extremely High Thermal Stability for Solar-Driven Water Evaporation. Advanced Sustainable Systems: 1700145. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adsu.201700145.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Journal:
Advanced Sustainable Systems
Issue Date:
27-Dec-2017
DOI:
10.1002/adsu.201700145
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2366-7486
Sponsors:
Funded by KAUST
Additional Links:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adsu.201700145/abstract
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorShi, Yusufen
dc.contributor.authorLi, Renyuanen
dc.contributor.authorShi, Leen
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, Elafen
dc.contributor.authorJin, Yongen
dc.contributor.authorWang, Pengen
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-11T12:11:10Z-
dc.date.available2018-01-11T12:11:10Z-
dc.date.issued2017-12-27en
dc.identifier.citationShi Y, Li R, Shi L, Ahmed E, Jin Y, et al. (2017) A Robust CuCr2O4/SiO2 Composite Photothermal Material with Underwater Black Property and Extremely High Thermal Stability for Solar-Driven Water Evaporation. Advanced Sustainable Systems: 1700145. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adsu.201700145.en
dc.identifier.issn2366-7486en
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/adsu.201700145en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/626741-
dc.description.abstractThe design and fabrication of efficient photothermal materials is the key issue in solar-driven water evaporation. In this work, a robust CuCr2O4/SiO2 composite membrane with outstanding solar-driven water evaporation performance (1.32 kg m−2 h−1) under one sun irradiation is rationally designed and synthesized by using quartz glass fibrous membrane as supporting matrix and stable CuCr2O4 particles as the active light absorber. Instead of coating a separate layer on top of the support, the CuCr2O4 particles are evenly distributed inside the matrix, which endows the membrane with great mechanical strength and excellent wear and abrasion resistance. The highly porous composite survives 6 atm pressure and retains its performance even after 75% of the membrane is removed by sandpaper. This work also looks into a generally overlooked aspect of wet versus dry state of photothermal material and its implications. Interestingly, the composite possesses a gray color with a high reflectance in dry state but turns into deep black with a low reflectance in wet state due to the decreased subsurface scattering and strong NIR light absorbance of water in wet state. This composite material also possesses excellent thermal stability and thermal shock resistance, making it able to be easily recovered by calcination in air or direct burning in fire for contaminants removal. The results demonstrate that this composite is a competitive photothermal material for practical solar distillation and indicate that the optical properties of material in wet state are more relevant to photothermal material screening and optimization for solar distillation.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFunded by KAUSTen
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen
dc.relation.urlhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adsu.201700145/abstracten
dc.rightsThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: A Robust CuCr2 O4 /SiO2 Composite Photothermal Material with Underwater Black Property and Extremely High Thermal Stability for Solar-Driven Water Evaporation, which has been published in final form at http://doi.org/10.1002/adsu.201700145. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.en
dc.titleA Robust CuCr2O4/SiO2 Composite Photothermal Material with Underwater Black Property and Extremely High Thermal Stability for Solar-Driven Water Evaporationen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Programen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.identifier.journalAdvanced Sustainable Systemsen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
kaust.authorShi, Yusufen
kaust.authorLi, Renyuanen
kaust.authorShi, Leen
kaust.authorAhmed, Elafen
kaust.authorJin, Yongen
kaust.authorWang, Pengen
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