Nanoimprint-Transfer-Patterned Solids Enhance Light Absorption in Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/626717
Title:
Nanoimprint-Transfer-Patterned Solids Enhance Light Absorption in Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells
Authors:
Kim, Younghoon ( 0000-0003-0860-2156 ) ; Bicanic, Kristopher ( 0000-0002-3020-4093 ) ; Tan, Hairen ( 0000-0003-0821-476X ) ; Ouellette, Olivier ( 0000-0001-5708-5058 ) ; Sutherland, Brandon R.; García de Arquer, F. Pelayo; Jo, Jea Woong; Liu, Mengxia; Sun, Bin; Liu, Min; Hoogland, Sjoerd; Sargent, Edward H.
Abstract:
Colloidal quantum dot (CQD) materials are of interest in thin-film solar cells due to their size-tunable bandgap and low-cost solution-processing. However, CQD solar cells suffer from inefficient charge extraction over the film thicknesses required for complete absorption of solar light. Here we show a new strategy to enhance light absorption in CQD solar cells by nanostructuring the CQD film itself at the back interface. We use two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations to study quantitatively the light absorption enhancement in nanostructured back interfaces in CQD solar cells. We implement this experimentally by demonstrating a nanoimprint-transfer-patterning (NTP) process for the fabrication of nanostructured CQD solids with highly ordered patterns. We show that this approach enables a boost in the power conversion efficiency in CQD solar cells primarily due to an increase in short-circuit current density as a result of enhanced absorption through light-trapping.
Citation:
Kim Y, Bicanic K, Tan H, Ouellette O, Sutherland BR, et al. (2017) Nanoimprint-Transfer-Patterned Solids Enhance Light Absorption in Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells. Nano Letters 17: 2349–2353. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b05241.
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Journal:
Nano Letters
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-11-009-21
Issue Date:
13-Mar-2017
DOI:
10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b05241
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1530-6984; 1530-6992
Sponsors:
This publication was based in part on work supported by Award KUS-11-009-21, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), by the Ontario Research Fund - Research Excellence Program, and by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada. H.T. acknowledges The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) for a Rubicon Grant (680-50-1511) to support his postdoctoral research at University of Toronto. This work was also carried out under Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) project NPRP-8-086-1-017. The authors thank L. Levina, R. Wolowiec, D. Kopilovic, and E. Palmiano for their technical help over the course of this research. O.O. received financial support from the Fonds de Recherche du Québec – Nature et Technologies (FRQNT).
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKim, Younghoonen
dc.contributor.authorBicanic, Kristopheren
dc.contributor.authorTan, Hairenen
dc.contributor.authorOuellette, Olivieren
dc.contributor.authorSutherland, Brandon R.en
dc.contributor.authorGarcía de Arquer, F. Pelayoen
dc.contributor.authorJo, Jea Woongen
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Mengxiaen
dc.contributor.authorSun, Binen
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Minen
dc.contributor.authorHoogland, Sjoerden
dc.contributor.authorSargent, Edward H.en
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-04T07:51:41Z-
dc.date.available2018-01-04T07:51:41Z-
dc.date.issued2017-03-13en
dc.identifier.citationKim Y, Bicanic K, Tan H, Ouellette O, Sutherland BR, et al. (2017) Nanoimprint-Transfer-Patterned Solids Enhance Light Absorption in Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells. Nano Letters 17: 2349–2353. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b05241.en
dc.identifier.issn1530-6984en
dc.identifier.issn1530-6992en
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b05241en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/626717-
dc.description.abstractColloidal quantum dot (CQD) materials are of interest in thin-film solar cells due to their size-tunable bandgap and low-cost solution-processing. However, CQD solar cells suffer from inefficient charge extraction over the film thicknesses required for complete absorption of solar light. Here we show a new strategy to enhance light absorption in CQD solar cells by nanostructuring the CQD film itself at the back interface. We use two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations to study quantitatively the light absorption enhancement in nanostructured back interfaces in CQD solar cells. We implement this experimentally by demonstrating a nanoimprint-transfer-patterning (NTP) process for the fabrication of nanostructured CQD solids with highly ordered patterns. We show that this approach enables a boost in the power conversion efficiency in CQD solar cells primarily due to an increase in short-circuit current density as a result of enhanced absorption through light-trapping.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis publication was based in part on work supported by Award KUS-11-009-21, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), by the Ontario Research Fund - Research Excellence Program, and by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada. H.T. acknowledges The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) for a Rubicon Grant (680-50-1511) to support his postdoctoral research at University of Toronto. This work was also carried out under Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) project NPRP-8-086-1-017. The authors thank L. Levina, R. Wolowiec, D. Kopilovic, and E. Palmiano for their technical help over the course of this research. O.O. received financial support from the Fonds de Recherche du Québec – Nature et Technologies (FRQNT).en
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)en
dc.subjectColloidal quantum dotsen
dc.subjectlight trappingen
dc.subjectnanostructured quantum dot solidsen
dc.subjectphotovoltaicsen
dc.titleNanoimprint-Transfer-Patterned Solids Enhance Light Absorption in Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cellsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalNano Lettersen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King’s College Road, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4, Canadaen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-11-009-21en
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