Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/626678
Title:
Bitumen nanocomposites with improved performance
Authors:
Kosma, Vasiliki; Hayrapetyan, Suren; Diamanti, Evmorfia; Dhawale, Ajay; Giannelis, Emmanuel P.
Abstract:
Bitumen-clay nanocomposite binders with styrene-butadienestyrene triblock copolymer, SBS, and combinations of SBS and crumb rubber (CR) with different CR/SBS ratios have been synthesized and characterized. In addition to the binder, samples containing the binder and concrete sand (with a weight ratio 1:9) were prepared. The modified binders were studied in terms of filler dispersion, storage stability, mechanical performance and water susceptibility. We demonstrate that the samples containing nanoclays consistently outperform those based only on the polymer additives. We also find that nanocomposite samples based on a combination of SBS and CR are best, since in addition to other improvements they show excellent storage stability. Our work shows that substituting CR with SBS as a bitumen additive and combining it with inexpensive nanoclays leads to new materials with enhanced performance and improved stability for practical asphalt applications.
Citation:
Kosma V, Hayrapetyan S, Diamanti E, Dhawale A, Giannelis EP (2018) Bitumen nanocomposites with improved performance. Construction and Building Materials 160: 30–38. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.11.024.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Construction and Building Materials
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-C1-018-02
Issue Date:
29-Nov-2017
DOI:
10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.11.024
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0950-0618
Sponsors:
The authors gratefully acknowledge support from a grant from the Milstein Foundation. In addition, we acknowledge facilities support from the KAUST-Cornell Center of Energy and Sustainability (KAUST-CU) (Award No. KUS-C1-018-02 made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology), Center for Nanomaterials Engineering & Technology shared research facilities at Cornell University and Cornell Center for Materials Research Shared Facilities which are supported through the NSF MRSEC program (DMR-1120296). We also acknowledge facilities support from Cornell University Biotechnology Resource Center (BRC) and we would like to thank Dr. Carol Bayles for illuminating discussions as regards Fluorescence Microscopy.
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKosma, Vasilikien
dc.contributor.authorHayrapetyan, Surenen
dc.contributor.authorDiamanti, Evmorfiaen
dc.contributor.authorDhawale, Ajayen
dc.contributor.authorGiannelis, Emmanuel P.en
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-04T07:51:38Z-
dc.date.available2018-01-04T07:51:38Z-
dc.date.issued2017-11-29en
dc.identifier.citationKosma V, Hayrapetyan S, Diamanti E, Dhawale A, Giannelis EP (2018) Bitumen nanocomposites with improved performance. Construction and Building Materials 160: 30–38. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.11.024.en
dc.identifier.issn0950-0618en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.11.024en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/626678-
dc.description.abstractBitumen-clay nanocomposite binders with styrene-butadienestyrene triblock copolymer, SBS, and combinations of SBS and crumb rubber (CR) with different CR/SBS ratios have been synthesized and characterized. In addition to the binder, samples containing the binder and concrete sand (with a weight ratio 1:9) were prepared. The modified binders were studied in terms of filler dispersion, storage stability, mechanical performance and water susceptibility. We demonstrate that the samples containing nanoclays consistently outperform those based only on the polymer additives. We also find that nanocomposite samples based on a combination of SBS and CR are best, since in addition to other improvements they show excellent storage stability. Our work shows that substituting CR with SBS as a bitumen additive and combining it with inexpensive nanoclays leads to new materials with enhanced performance and improved stability for practical asphalt applications.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors gratefully acknowledge support from a grant from the Milstein Foundation. In addition, we acknowledge facilities support from the KAUST-Cornell Center of Energy and Sustainability (KAUST-CU) (Award No. KUS-C1-018-02 made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology), Center for Nanomaterials Engineering & Technology shared research facilities at Cornell University and Cornell Center for Materials Research Shared Facilities which are supported through the NSF MRSEC program (DMR-1120296). We also acknowledge facilities support from Cornell University Biotechnology Resource Center (BRC) and we would like to thank Dr. Carol Bayles for illuminating discussions as regards Fluorescence Microscopy.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectBitumenen
dc.subjectSBSen
dc.subjectCrumb rubberen
dc.subjectClaysen
dc.subjectStorage stabilityen
dc.subjectRecyclabilityen
dc.titleBitumen nanocomposites with improved performanceen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalConstruction and Building Materialsen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Materials Science & Engineering, Cornell University, Bard Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-C1-018-02en
All Items in KAUST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.