The effect of z-binding yarns on the electrical properties of 3D woven composites

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/626023
Title:
The effect of z-binding yarns on the electrical properties of 3D woven composites
Authors:
Saleh, Mohamed Nasr; Yudhanto, Arief ( 0000-0002-8839-415X ) ; Lubineau, Gilles ( 0000-0002-7370-6093 ) ; Soutis, Constantinos
Abstract:
Electrical resistance monitoring (ERM) has been used to study the effect of the z-binding yarns on the initial electrical resistance (ER) and its change of three architectures of 3D woven carbon fibre composites namely (orthogonal “ORT”, layer-to-layer “LTL” and angle interlock “AI”) when tested in tension. Specimens are loaded in on-axis “warp” and off-axis “45°” directions. In-situ ERM is achieved using the four-probe technique. Monotonic and cyclic “load/unload” tests are performed to investigate the effect of piezo-resistivity and residual plasticity on resistance variation. The resistance increase for the off-axis loaded specimens (∼90%) is found to be higher than that of their on-axis counterparts (∼20%). In the case of cyclic testing, the resistance increase upon unloading is irreversible which suggests permanent damage presence not piezo-resistive effect. At the moment, it is difficult to obtain a direct correlation between resistance variation and damage in 3D woven composites due to the complexity of the conduction path along the three orthogonal directions, however this study demonstrates the potential of using ERM for damage detection in 3D woven carbon fibre-based composites and highlights the challenges that need to be overcome to establish ERM as a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) technique for such material systems.
KAUST Department:
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Citation:
Saleh MN, Yudhanto A, Lubineau G, Soutis C (2017) The effect of z-binding yarns on the electrical properties of 3D woven composites. Composite Structures 182: 606–616. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.09.081.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Composite Structures
Issue Date:
28-Sep-2017
DOI:
10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.09.081
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0263-8223
Sponsors:
Authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from University of Manchester (UoM) and from Baseline Research Funds from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). We also acknowledge the technical support from the Northwest Composites Certification and Evaluation Facility (NCCEF).
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0263822317316185
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSaleh, Mohamed Nasren
dc.contributor.authorYudhanto, Ariefen
dc.contributor.authorLubineau, Gillesen
dc.contributor.authorSoutis, Constantinosen
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-30T08:39:51Z-
dc.date.available2017-10-30T08:39:51Z-
dc.date.issued2017-09-28en
dc.identifier.citationSaleh MN, Yudhanto A, Lubineau G, Soutis C (2017) The effect of z-binding yarns on the electrical properties of 3D woven composites. Composite Structures 182: 606–616. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.09.081.en
dc.identifier.issn0263-8223en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.09.081en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/626023-
dc.description.abstractElectrical resistance monitoring (ERM) has been used to study the effect of the z-binding yarns on the initial electrical resistance (ER) and its change of three architectures of 3D woven carbon fibre composites namely (orthogonal “ORT”, layer-to-layer “LTL” and angle interlock “AI”) when tested in tension. Specimens are loaded in on-axis “warp” and off-axis “45°” directions. In-situ ERM is achieved using the four-probe technique. Monotonic and cyclic “load/unload” tests are performed to investigate the effect of piezo-resistivity and residual plasticity on resistance variation. The resistance increase for the off-axis loaded specimens (∼90%) is found to be higher than that of their on-axis counterparts (∼20%). In the case of cyclic testing, the resistance increase upon unloading is irreversible which suggests permanent damage presence not piezo-resistive effect. At the moment, it is difficult to obtain a direct correlation between resistance variation and damage in 3D woven composites due to the complexity of the conduction path along the three orthogonal directions, however this study demonstrates the potential of using ERM for damage detection in 3D woven carbon fibre-based composites and highlights the challenges that need to be overcome to establish ERM as a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) technique for such material systems.en
dc.description.sponsorshipAuthors would like to acknowledge the financial support from University of Manchester (UoM) and from Baseline Research Funds from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). We also acknowledge the technical support from the Northwest Composites Certification and Evaluation Facility (NCCEF).en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0263822317316185en
dc.subjectCarbon fibresen
dc.subject3-Dimensional reinforcementen
dc.subjectElectrical propertiesen
dc.subjectDamage mechanicsen
dc.titleThe effect of z-binding yarns on the electrical properties of 3D woven compositesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalComposite Structuresen
dc.contributor.institutionAdvanced Manufacturing Research Centre with Boeing, University of Sheffield, Rotherham S60 5TZ, UKen
dc.contributor.institutionAerospace Research Institute, University of Manchester, M1 3NJ, UKen
kaust.authorYudhanto, Ariefen
kaust.authorLubineau, Gillesen
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