Comparative analysis of the genomes of Stylophora pistillata and Acropora digitifera provides evidence for extensive differences between species of corals

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/625866
Title:
Comparative analysis of the genomes of Stylophora pistillata and Acropora digitifera provides evidence for extensive differences between species of corals
Authors:
Voolstra, Christian R. ( 0000-0003-4555-3795 ) ; Li, Yong ( 0000-0003-2609-2401 ) ; Liew, Yi Jin ( 0000-0003-2553-8870 ) ; Baumgarten, Sebastian ( 0000-0003-2646-7699 ) ; Zoccola, Didier ( 0000-0002-1524-8098 ) ; Flot, Jean-François; Tambutté, Sylvie; Allemand, Denis; Aranda, Manuel ( 0000-0001-6673-016X )
Abstract:
Stony corals form the foundation of coral reef ecosystems. Their phylogeny is characterized by a deep evolutionary divergence that separates corals into a robust and complex clade dating back to at least 245 mya. However, the genomic consequences and clade-specific evolution remain unexplored. In this study we have produced the genome of a robust coral, Stylophora pistillata, and compared it to the available genome of a complex coral, Acropora digitifera. We conducted a fine-scale gene-based analysis focusing on ortholog groups. Among the core set of conserved proteins, we found an emphasis on processes related to the cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis. Genes associated with the algal symbiosis were also independently expanded in both species, but both corals diverged on the identity of ortholog groups expanded, and we found uneven expansions in genes associated with innate immunity and stress response. Our analyses demonstrate that coral genomes can be surprisingly disparate. Future analyses incorporating more genomic data should be able to determine whether the patterns elucidated here are not only characteristic of the differences between S. pistillata and A. digitifera but also representative of corals from the robust and complex clade at large.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Marine Science Program; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Citation:
Voolstra CR, Li Y, Liew YJ, Baumgarten S, Zoccola D, et al. (2017) Comparative analysis of the genomes of Stylophora pistillata and Acropora digitifera provides evidence for extensive differences between species of corals. Scientific Reports 7. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-17484-x.
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Journal:
Scientific Reports
Issue Date:
8-Dec-2017
DOI:
10.1101/197830; 10.1038/s41598-017-17484-x
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2045-2322
Sponsors:
We would like to thank the Bioscience Core Lab at KAUST for sequencing. Further, we would like to thank Adrian Carr and Gos Micklem for support with an initial genome assembly. Research reported in this publication was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
Additional Links:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-17484-x
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Marine Science Program; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorVoolstra, Christian R.en
dc.contributor.authorLi, Yongen
dc.contributor.authorLiew, Yi Jinen
dc.contributor.authorBaumgarten, Sebastianen
dc.contributor.authorZoccola, Didieren
dc.contributor.authorFlot, Jean-Françoisen
dc.contributor.authorTambutté, Sylvieen
dc.contributor.authorAllemand, Denisen
dc.contributor.authorAranda, Manuelen
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-15T11:27:07Z-
dc.date.available2017-10-17T08:48:35Z-
dc.date.available2018-01-15T11:27:07Z-
dc.date.issued2017-12-08en
dc.identifier.citationVoolstra CR, Li Y, Liew YJ, Baumgarten S, Zoccola D, et al. (2017) Comparative analysis of the genomes of Stylophora pistillata and Acropora digitifera provides evidence for extensive differences between species of corals. Scientific Reports 7. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-17484-x.en
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322en
dc.identifier.doi10.1101/197830-
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-017-17484-xen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/625866-
dc.description.abstractStony corals form the foundation of coral reef ecosystems. Their phylogeny is characterized by a deep evolutionary divergence that separates corals into a robust and complex clade dating back to at least 245 mya. However, the genomic consequences and clade-specific evolution remain unexplored. In this study we have produced the genome of a robust coral, Stylophora pistillata, and compared it to the available genome of a complex coral, Acropora digitifera. We conducted a fine-scale gene-based analysis focusing on ortholog groups. Among the core set of conserved proteins, we found an emphasis on processes related to the cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis. Genes associated with the algal symbiosis were also independently expanded in both species, but both corals diverged on the identity of ortholog groups expanded, and we found uneven expansions in genes associated with innate immunity and stress response. Our analyses demonstrate that coral genomes can be surprisingly disparate. Future analyses incorporating more genomic data should be able to determine whether the patterns elucidated here are not only characteristic of the differences between S. pistillata and A. digitifera but also representative of corals from the robust and complex clade at large.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWe would like to thank the Bioscience Core Lab at KAUST for sequencing. Further, we would like to thank Adrian Carr and Gos Micklem for support with an initial genome assembly. Research reported in this publication was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-17484-xen
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.titleComparative analysis of the genomes of Stylophora pistillata and Acropora digitifera provides evidence for extensive differences between species of coralsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Programen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.identifier.journalScientific Reportsen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionBiology of Host-Parasite Interactions Unit, Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Dr Roux, 75015, Paris, France.en
dc.contributor.institutionCentre Scientifique de Monaco, 8 quai Antoine Ier, 98000, Monaco, Monaco.en
dc.contributor.institutionUniversité libre de Bruxelles, Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 50, 1050, Bruxelles, Belgium.en
kaust.authorVoolstra, Christian R.en
kaust.authorLi, Yongen
kaust.authorLiew, Yi Jinen
kaust.authorBaumgarten, Sebastianen
kaust.authorAranda, Manuelen

Version History

VersionItem Editor Date Summary
2 10754/625866grenzdm2018-01-15 11:25:50.966Final version published in journal.
1 10754/625866.1grenzdm2017-10-17 08:48:35.0
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