Marine reserves can mitigate and promote adaptation to climate change

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/625600
Title:
Marine reserves can mitigate and promote adaptation to climate change
Authors:
Roberts, Callum M.; O’Leary, Bethan C.; McCauley, Douglas J.; Cury, Philippe Maurice; Duarte, Carlos M. ( 0000-0002-1213-1361 ) ; Lubchenco, Jane; Pauly, Daniel; Sáenz-Arroyo, Andrea; Sumaila, Ussif Rashid; Wilson, Rod W.; Worm, Boris; Castilla, Juan Carlos
Abstract:
Strong decreases in greenhouse gas emissions are required to meet the reduction trajectory resolved within the 2015 Paris Agreement. However, even these decreases will not avert serious stress and damage to life on Earth, and additional steps are needed to boost the resilience of ecosystems, safeguard their wildlife, and protect their capacity to supply vital goods and services. We discuss how well-managed marine reserves may help marine ecosystems and people adapt to five prominent impacts of climate change: acidification, sea-level rise, intensification of storms, shifts in species distribution, and decreased productivity and oxygen availability, as well as their cumulative effects. We explore the role of managed ecosystems in mitigating climate change by promoting carbon sequestration and storage and by buffering against uncertainty in management, environmental fluctuations, directional change, and extreme events. We highlight both strengths and limitations and conclude that marine reserves are a viable low-tech, cost-effective adaptation strategy that would yield multiple cobenefits from local to global scales, improving the outlook for the environment and people into the future.
KAUST Department:
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Citation:
Roberts CM, O’Leary BC, McCauley DJ, Cury PM, Duarte CM, et al. (2017) Marine reserves can mitigate and promote adaptation to climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114: 6167–6175. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1701262114.
Publisher:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Journal:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Issue Date:
6-Jun-2017
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1701262114
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0027-8424; 1091-6490
Sponsors:
We thank Ivan Gromicho, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, for drawing Fig. 1. We also thank the editors and reviewers for their helpful comments which much improved the manuscript. B.C.O. and C.M.R. are supported by The Pew Charitable Trusts. D.J.M. is supported by the Benioff Ocean Initiative. J.C.C. received support from Project CCM RC 130004 of the Iniciativa Cientifica Milenio, Ministerio de Economia, Chile. C.M.D. was supported by the Baseline Fund of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. D.P. receives support from the Paul G. Allen Family Foundation through the Sea Around Us Project of the University of British Columbia. U.R.S. is Project Director of the OceanCanada Partnership, which receives support from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada. R.W.W. is supported by the Natural Environment Research Council and Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council in the United Kingdom.
Additional Links:
http://www.pnas.org/content/114/24/6167
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Callum M.en
dc.contributor.authorO’Leary, Bethan C.en
dc.contributor.authorMcCauley, Douglas J.en
dc.contributor.authorCury, Philippe Mauriceen
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
dc.contributor.authorLubchenco, Janeen
dc.contributor.authorPauly, Danielen
dc.contributor.authorSáenz-Arroyo, Andreaen
dc.contributor.authorSumaila, Ussif Rashiden
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Rod W.en
dc.contributor.authorWorm, Borisen
dc.contributor.authorCastilla, Juan Carlosen
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-03T12:49:28Z-
dc.date.available2017-10-03T12:49:28Z-
dc.date.issued2017-06-06en
dc.identifier.citationRoberts CM, O’Leary BC, McCauley DJ, Cury PM, Duarte CM, et al. (2017) Marine reserves can mitigate and promote adaptation to climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114: 6167–6175. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1701262114.en
dc.identifier.issn0027-8424en
dc.identifier.issn1091-6490en
dc.identifier.doi10.1073/pnas.1701262114en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/625600-
dc.description.abstractStrong decreases in greenhouse gas emissions are required to meet the reduction trajectory resolved within the 2015 Paris Agreement. However, even these decreases will not avert serious stress and damage to life on Earth, and additional steps are needed to boost the resilience of ecosystems, safeguard their wildlife, and protect their capacity to supply vital goods and services. We discuss how well-managed marine reserves may help marine ecosystems and people adapt to five prominent impacts of climate change: acidification, sea-level rise, intensification of storms, shifts in species distribution, and decreased productivity and oxygen availability, as well as their cumulative effects. We explore the role of managed ecosystems in mitigating climate change by promoting carbon sequestration and storage and by buffering against uncertainty in management, environmental fluctuations, directional change, and extreme events. We highlight both strengths and limitations and conclude that marine reserves are a viable low-tech, cost-effective adaptation strategy that would yield multiple cobenefits from local to global scales, improving the outlook for the environment and people into the future.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank Ivan Gromicho, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, for drawing Fig. 1. We also thank the editors and reviewers for their helpful comments which much improved the manuscript. B.C.O. and C.M.R. are supported by The Pew Charitable Trusts. D.J.M. is supported by the Benioff Ocean Initiative. J.C.C. received support from Project CCM RC 130004 of the Iniciativa Cientifica Milenio, Ministerio de Economia, Chile. C.M.D. was supported by the Baseline Fund of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. D.P. receives support from the Paul G. Allen Family Foundation through the Sea Around Us Project of the University of British Columbia. U.R.S. is Project Director of the OceanCanada Partnership, which receives support from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada. R.W.W. is supported by the Natural Environment Research Council and Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council in the United Kingdom.en
dc.publisherProceedings of the National Academy of Sciencesen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.pnas.org/content/114/24/6167en
dc.subjectGlobal changeen
dc.subjectMarine Protected Areasen
dc.subjectMpaen
dc.subjectEcological Insuranceen
dc.subjectNature-based Solutionen
dc.titleMarine reserves can mitigate and promote adaptation to climate changeen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.identifier.journalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironment Department, University of York, York, YO10 5NG, United Kingdom.en
dc.contributor.institutionMarine Science Institute, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106.en
dc.contributor.institutionResearch Institute for Development, Club of Associated Research Organizations-Marine Biodiversity, Exploitation, and Ecosystem Modeling, B-1210 Brussels, Belgium.en
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Integrative Biology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331.en
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute for the Oceans and Fisheries, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.en
dc.contributor.institutionDepartamento de Conservación de la Biodiversidad, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, CP 29290, Mexico.en
dc.contributor.institutionBiosciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QD, United Kingdom.en
dc.contributor.institutionBiology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada.en
dc.contributor.institutionCentro de Cambio Global, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Alameda Bernardo O'Higgins 340, Santiago 8331150, Chile.en
kaust.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
All Items in KAUST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.