Decadal trends in Red Sea maximum surface temperature

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/625362
Title:
Decadal trends in Red Sea maximum surface temperature
Authors:
Chaidez, Veronica ( 0000-0003-1340-5835 ) ; Dreano, Denis ( 0000-0001-7956-5538 ) ; Agusti, Susana ( 0000-0003-0536-7293 ) ; Duarte, Carlos M. ( 0000-0002-1213-1361 ) ; Hoteit, Ibrahim ( 0000-0002-3751-4393 )
Abstract:
Ocean warming is a major consequence of climate change, with the surface of the ocean having warmed by 0.11 °C decade-1 over the last 50 years and is estimated to continue to warm by an additional 0.6 - 2.0 °C before the end of the century1. However, there is considerable variability in the rates experienced by different ocean regions, so understanding regional trends is important to inform on possible stresses for marine organisms, particularly in warm seas where organisms may be already operating in the high end of their thermal tolerance. Although the Red Sea is one of the warmest ecosystems on earth, its historical warming trends and thermal evolution remain largely understudied. We characterized the Red Sea's thermal regimes at the basin scale, with a focus on the spatial distribution and changes over time of sea surface temperature maxima, using remotely sensed sea surface temperature data from 1982 - 2015. The overall rate of warming for the Red Sea is 0.17 ± 0.07 °C decade-1, while the northern Red Sea is warming between 0.40 and 0.45 °C decade-1, all exceeding the global rate. Our findings show that the Red Sea is fast warming, which may in the future challenge its organisms and communities.
KAUST Department:
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division; Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Citation:
Chaidez V, Dreano D, Agusti S, Duarte CM, Hoteit I (2017) Decadal trends in Red Sea maximum surface temperature. Scientific Reports 7. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08146-z.
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Journal:
Scientific Reports
Issue Date:
9-Aug-2017
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-017-08146-z
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2045-2322
Sponsors:
This research was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through the baseline fund to C.M. Duarte, S. Agusti, and I. Hoteit.
Additional Links:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-08146-z
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorChaidez, Veronicaen
dc.contributor.authorDreano, Denisen
dc.contributor.authorAgusti, Susanaen
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
dc.contributor.authorHoteit, Ibrahimen
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-21T06:28:04Z-
dc.date.available2017-08-21T06:28:04Z-
dc.date.issued2017-08-09en
dc.identifier.citationChaidez V, Dreano D, Agusti S, Duarte CM, Hoteit I (2017) Decadal trends in Red Sea maximum surface temperature. Scientific Reports 7. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08146-z.en
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322en
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-017-08146-zen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/625362-
dc.description.abstractOcean warming is a major consequence of climate change, with the surface of the ocean having warmed by 0.11 °C decade-1 over the last 50 years and is estimated to continue to warm by an additional 0.6 - 2.0 °C before the end of the century1. However, there is considerable variability in the rates experienced by different ocean regions, so understanding regional trends is important to inform on possible stresses for marine organisms, particularly in warm seas where organisms may be already operating in the high end of their thermal tolerance. Although the Red Sea is one of the warmest ecosystems on earth, its historical warming trends and thermal evolution remain largely understudied. We characterized the Red Sea's thermal regimes at the basin scale, with a focus on the spatial distribution and changes over time of sea surface temperature maxima, using remotely sensed sea surface temperature data from 1982 - 2015. The overall rate of warming for the Red Sea is 0.17 ± 0.07 °C decade-1, while the northern Red Sea is warming between 0.40 and 0.45 °C decade-1, all exceeding the global rate. Our findings show that the Red Sea is fast warming, which may in the future challenge its organisms and communities.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through the baseline fund to C.M. Duarte, S. Agusti, and I. Hoteit.en
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-08146-zen
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.titleDecadal trends in Red Sea maximum surface temperatureen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalScientific Reportsen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
kaust.authorChaidez, Veronicaen
kaust.authorDreano, Denisen
kaust.authorAgusti, Susanaen
kaust.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
kaust.authorHoteit, Ibrahimen
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