Sensitivity of the Regional Climate in the Middle East and North Africa to Volcanic Perturbations

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/625300
Title:
Sensitivity of the Regional Climate in the Middle East and North Africa to Volcanic Perturbations
Authors:
Dogar, Muhammad Mubashar ( 0000-0003-0222-0800 ) ; Stenchikov, Georgiy L. ( 0000-0001-9033-4925 ) ; Osipov, Sergey ( 0000-0002-8811-5501 ) ; Wyman, Bruce; Zhao, Ming
Abstract:
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) regional climate appears to be extremely sensitive to volcanic eruptions. Winter cooling after the 1991 Pinatubo eruption far exceeded the mean hemispheric temperature anomaly, even causing snowfall in Israel. To better understand MENA climate variability, the climate responses to the El Chichón and Pinatubo volcanic eruptions are analyzed using observations, NOAA/NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis, and output from the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory's High-Resolution Atmospheric Model (HiRAM). A multiple regression analysis both for the observations and the model output is performed on seasonal summer and winter composites to separate out the contributions from climate trends, El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), Indian summer monsoon and volcanic aerosols. Strong regional temperature and precipitation responses over the MENA region are found in both winter and summer. The model and the observations both show that a positive NAO amplifies the MENA volcanic winter cooling. In boreal summer, the patterns of changing temperature and precipitation suggest a weakening and southward shift of the Intertropical Convergence Zone, caused by volcanic surface cooling and weakening of the Indian and West African monsoons. The model captures the main features of the climate response; however, it underestimates the total cooling, especially in winter, and exhibits a different spatial pattern of the NAO climate response in MENA compared to the observations. The conducted analysis sheds light on the internal mechanisms of MENA climate variability and helps to selectively diagnose the model deficiencies.
KAUST Department:
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST); Thuwal Saudi Arabia
Citation:
Dogar MM, Stenchikov G, Osipov S, Wyman B, Zhao M (2017) Sensitivity of the Regional Climate in the Middle East and North Africa to Volcanic Perturbations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017jd026783.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Journal:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Issue Date:
27-Jul-2017
DOI:
10.1002/2017jd026783
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2169-897X
Sponsors:
The research reported in this publication was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). For computer time, this research used the resources of the Supercomputing Laboratory at KAUST in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia. The simulation results and supporting data sets are available from the corresponding author upon request. The UDEL observations and NCEP CFSR dataset used in this study is provided by the NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA, through their web site at http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/
Additional Links:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017JD026783/abstract
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Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorDogar, Muhammad Mubasharen
dc.contributor.authorStenchikov, Georgiy L.en
dc.contributor.authorOsipov, Sergeyen
dc.contributor.authorWyman, Bruceen
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Mingen
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-07T10:52:01Z-
dc.date.available2017-08-07T10:52:01Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-27en
dc.identifier.citationDogar MM, Stenchikov G, Osipov S, Wyman B, Zhao M (2017) Sensitivity of the Regional Climate in the Middle East and North Africa to Volcanic Perturbations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017jd026783.en
dc.identifier.issn2169-897Xen
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/2017jd026783en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/625300-
dc.description.abstractThe Middle East and North Africa (MENA) regional climate appears to be extremely sensitive to volcanic eruptions. Winter cooling after the 1991 Pinatubo eruption far exceeded the mean hemispheric temperature anomaly, even causing snowfall in Israel. To better understand MENA climate variability, the climate responses to the El Chichón and Pinatubo volcanic eruptions are analyzed using observations, NOAA/NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis, and output from the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory's High-Resolution Atmospheric Model (HiRAM). A multiple regression analysis both for the observations and the model output is performed on seasonal summer and winter composites to separate out the contributions from climate trends, El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), Indian summer monsoon and volcanic aerosols. Strong regional temperature and precipitation responses over the MENA region are found in both winter and summer. The model and the observations both show that a positive NAO amplifies the MENA volcanic winter cooling. In boreal summer, the patterns of changing temperature and precipitation suggest a weakening and southward shift of the Intertropical Convergence Zone, caused by volcanic surface cooling and weakening of the Indian and West African monsoons. The model captures the main features of the climate response; however, it underestimates the total cooling, especially in winter, and exhibits a different spatial pattern of the NAO climate response in MENA compared to the observations. The conducted analysis sheds light on the internal mechanisms of MENA climate variability and helps to selectively diagnose the model deficiencies.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research reported in this publication was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). For computer time, this research used the resources of the Supercomputing Laboratory at KAUST in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia. The simulation results and supporting data sets are available from the corresponding author upon request. The UDEL observations and NCEP CFSR dataset used in this study is provided by the NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA, through their web site at http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/en
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen
dc.relation.urlhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017JD026783/abstracten
dc.rightsThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Sensitivity of the Regional Climate in the Middle East and North Africa to Volcanic Perturbations, which has been published in final form at http://doi.org/10.1002/2017jd026783. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.en
dc.subjectExplosive eruptionsen
dc.subjectENSOen
dc.subjectDynamic Changesen
dc.subjectNAOen
dc.subjectMonsoonen
dc.titleSensitivity of the Regional Climate in the Middle East and North Africa to Volcanic Perturbationsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST); Thuwal Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheresen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
dc.contributor.institutionNOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory; Princeton USAen
kaust.authorDogar, Muhammad Mubasharen
kaust.authorStenchikov, Georgiy L.en
kaust.authorOsipov, Sergeyen
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