An automatic window opening system to prevent drowning in vehicles sinking in water

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/625209
Title:
An automatic window opening system to prevent drowning in vehicles sinking in water
Authors:
Giesbrecht, Gordon G.; Percher, Michael; Brunet, Pierre; Richard, Yanik ( 0000-0001-6328-4475 ) ; Alexander, Marion; Bellemare, Alixandra; Rawal, Yash; Amassian, Aram ( 0000-0002-5734-1194 ) ; Mcdonald, Gerren
Abstract:
Objective: Every year about 400 people die in submersed vehicles in North America and this number increases to 2,000–5,000 in all industrialized nations. The best way to survive is to quickly exit through the windows. An Automatic Window Opening System (AWOS; patent protected) was designed to sense when a vehicle is in water and to open the electric windows, but only when the vehicle is upright. Methods: The AWOS consists of a Detection Module (DM), in the engine compartment, and a Power Window Control Module (PWCM) inside the driver’s door. The DM contains a Water Sensor, a Level Sensor and a Microcontroller Unit (MCU). The Level Sensor provides the angular orientation of the car using a 3-axis acceleration sensor and prevents automatic window opening if the car is outside the orientation range (±20° in the roll axis, ±30° in the pitch axis, with a 2 s delay). Systems were installed on two cars and one SUV. A crane lowered vehicles in water either straight down (static tests) or by swinging the vehicles to produce forward movement (dynamic tests). Results: In all tests, when the vehicles landed upright, windows opened immediately and effectively. When vehicles landed inverted, or at a very steep angle, the system did not engage until an upright and level position was attained. Conclusions: This system may help decrease drowning deaths in sinking vehicles. If occupants do not know, or forget, what to do, the open window could hopefully prompt them to exit safely through that window.
KAUST Department:
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Saudi Arabia
Citation:
Giesbrecht GG, Percher M, Brunet P, Richard Y, Alexander M, et al. (2017) An automatic window opening system to prevent drowning in vehicles sinking in water. Cogent Engineering 4. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23311916.2017.1347990.
Publisher:
Informa UK Limited
Journal:
Cogent Engineering
Issue Date:
12-Jul-2017
DOI:
10.1080/23311916.2017.1347990
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2331-1916
Sponsors:
This project was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada. One author is the inventor of the system, a second author works for KAUST which owns the patent. None of the other authors (including the lead author) have any personal, professional or financial competing interests.
Additional Links:
https://www.cogentoa.com/article/10.1080/23311916.2017.1347990
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGiesbrecht, Gordon G.en
dc.contributor.authorPercher, Michaelen
dc.contributor.authorBrunet, Pierreen
dc.contributor.authorRichard, Yaniken
dc.contributor.authorAlexander, Marionen
dc.contributor.authorBellemare, Alixandraen
dc.contributor.authorRawal, Yashen
dc.contributor.authorAmassian, Aramen
dc.contributor.authorMcdonald, Gerrenen
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-19T10:44:59Z-
dc.date.available2017-07-19T10:44:59Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-12en
dc.identifier.citationGiesbrecht GG, Percher M, Brunet P, Richard Y, Alexander M, et al. (2017) An automatic window opening system to prevent drowning in vehicles sinking in water. Cogent Engineering 4. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23311916.2017.1347990.en
dc.identifier.issn2331-1916en
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/23311916.2017.1347990en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/625209-
dc.description.abstractObjective: Every year about 400 people die in submersed vehicles in North America and this number increases to 2,000–5,000 in all industrialized nations. The best way to survive is to quickly exit through the windows. An Automatic Window Opening System (AWOS; patent protected) was designed to sense when a vehicle is in water and to open the electric windows, but only when the vehicle is upright. Methods: The AWOS consists of a Detection Module (DM), in the engine compartment, and a Power Window Control Module (PWCM) inside the driver’s door. The DM contains a Water Sensor, a Level Sensor and a Microcontroller Unit (MCU). The Level Sensor provides the angular orientation of the car using a 3-axis acceleration sensor and prevents automatic window opening if the car is outside the orientation range (±20° in the roll axis, ±30° in the pitch axis, with a 2 s delay). Systems were installed on two cars and one SUV. A crane lowered vehicles in water either straight down (static tests) or by swinging the vehicles to produce forward movement (dynamic tests). Results: In all tests, when the vehicles landed upright, windows opened immediately and effectively. When vehicles landed inverted, or at a very steep angle, the system did not engage until an upright and level position was attained. Conclusions: This system may help decrease drowning deaths in sinking vehicles. If occupants do not know, or forget, what to do, the open window could hopefully prompt them to exit safely through that window.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis project was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada. One author is the inventor of the system, a second author works for KAUST which owns the patent. None of the other authors (including the lead author) have any personal, professional or financial competing interests.en
dc.publisherInforma UK Limiteden
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.cogentoa.com/article/10.1080/23311916.2017.1347990en
dc.rightsThis open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 licenseen
dc.subjectself-rescueen
dc.subjectemergency proceduresen
dc.subjectvehicle in wateren
dc.subjectsinking caren
dc.subjectdrowningen
dc.titleAn automatic window opening system to prevent drowning in vehicles sinking in wateren
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.journalCogent Engineeringen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionFaculty of Kinesiology and Recreation Management, University of Manitoba Winnipeg Manitoba Canadaen
dc.contributor.institutionOperation ALIVE Winnipeg Canadaen
dc.contributor.institutionCysca-Sysacom Engineering, Repentigny (Montréal) Québec Canadaen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Winnipeg Winnipeg Canadaen
kaust.authorAmassian, Aramen
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