A Historical Review of Diachrony and Semantic Dimensions of Trace in Neurosciences and Lacanian Psychoanalysis

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/625158
Title:
A Historical Review of Diachrony and Semantic Dimensions of Trace in Neurosciences and Lacanian Psychoanalysis
Authors:
Escobar, Carolina; Ansermet, François; Magistretti, Pierre J. ( 0000-0002-6678-320X )
Abstract:
Experience leaves a trace in the nervous system through plasticity. However, the exact meaning of the mnesic trace is poorly defined in current literature. This article provides a historical review of the term trace in neuroscience and psychoanalysis literature, to highlight two relevant aspects: the diachronic and the semantic dimensions. There has been a general interest in diachrony, or a form of evolution of the trace, but its indissociable semantic dimension remains partially disregarded. Although frequently implied, the diachronic and semantic dimensions of the trace are rarely clearly articulated. We situate this discussion into the classical opposition of syntax, or rules of inscription of the trace in the nervous system, and semantics, or the content of the trace, which takes into consideration the attempt of the human being to build coherence. A general observation is that the study of the term trace follows trends of the thought of the given epoch. This historical analysis also reveals the decay of the idea that the trace is reliable to the experience. From the articulation between neurosciences and psychoanalysis in a historical perspective, this review shows that the trend is to consider trace as a production of the subject, resulting in a permanent rewriting in an attempt to give meaning to the experience. This trend is becoming increasingly evident in light of recent research in neurosciences and psychoanalysis.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Citation:
Escobar C, Ansermet F, Magistretti PJ (2017) A Historical Review of Diachrony and Semantic Dimensions of Trace in Neurosciences and Lacanian Psychoanalysis. Frontiers in Psychology 8. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00734.
Publisher:
Frontiers Media SA
Journal:
Frontiers in Psychology
Issue Date:
23-Jun-2017
DOI:
10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00734
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1664-1078
Additional Links:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00734/full
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorEscobar, Carolinaen
dc.contributor.authorAnsermet, Françoisen
dc.contributor.authorMagistretti, Pierre J.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-06T09:43:05Z-
dc.date.available2017-07-06T09:43:05Z-
dc.date.issued2017-06-23en
dc.identifier.citationEscobar C, Ansermet F, Magistretti PJ (2017) A Historical Review of Diachrony and Semantic Dimensions of Trace in Neurosciences and Lacanian Psychoanalysis. Frontiers in Psychology 8. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00734.en
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078en
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00734en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/625158-
dc.description.abstractExperience leaves a trace in the nervous system through plasticity. However, the exact meaning of the mnesic trace is poorly defined in current literature. This article provides a historical review of the term trace in neuroscience and psychoanalysis literature, to highlight two relevant aspects: the diachronic and the semantic dimensions. There has been a general interest in diachrony, or a form of evolution of the trace, but its indissociable semantic dimension remains partially disregarded. Although frequently implied, the diachronic and semantic dimensions of the trace are rarely clearly articulated. We situate this discussion into the classical opposition of syntax, or rules of inscription of the trace in the nervous system, and semantics, or the content of the trace, which takes into consideration the attempt of the human being to build coherence. A general observation is that the study of the term trace follows trends of the thought of the given epoch. This historical analysis also reveals the decay of the idea that the trace is reliable to the experience. From the articulation between neurosciences and psychoanalysis in a historical perspective, this review shows that the trend is to consider trace as a production of the subject, resulting in a permanent rewriting in an attempt to give meaning to the experience. This trend is becoming increasingly evident in light of recent research in neurosciences and psychoanalysis.en
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SAen
dc.relation.urlhttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00734/fullen
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectDiachronyen
dc.subjectEngramen
dc.subjectNachträglichkeit (deferred action)en
dc.subjectReassociationen
dc.subjectReconsolidationen
dc.subjectSemanticsen
dc.subjectSyntaxen
dc.subjectTraceen
dc.titleA Historical Review of Diachrony and Semantic Dimensions of Trace in Neurosciences and Lacanian Psychoanalysisen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Psychologyen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionAgalma Foundation, Geneva, , Switzerlanden
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Psychiatric Neurosciences, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, , Switzerlanden
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, , , Switzerlanden
dc.contributor.institutionBrain Mind Institute, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Lausanne, , Switzerlanden
kaust.authorMagistretti, Pierre J.en
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