Elasmobranch fisheries in the Arabian Seas Region: Characteristics, trade and management

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/625003
Title:
Elasmobranch fisheries in the Arabian Seas Region: Characteristics, trade and management
Authors:
Jabado, Rima W ( 0000-0001-6239-6723 ) ; Spät, Julia L.Y. ( 0000-0001-8703-1472 )
Abstract:
The Arabian Seas Region plays an important role in the global landings and trade of sharks and rays. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Yemen, two countries with stark socio-economic differences, serve as major regional trade hubs for shark and ray products and four countries (Oman, Pakistan, UAE and Yemen) supply nearly 11% of dried fin exports to Hong Kong. Yet, little information is available on the characteristics of this trade and the fisheries contributing to it. Here, we review the fisheries characteristics, trade, utilization and distribution chain of sharks and rays in 15 countries of the Arabian Seas Region based on published and grey literature, landing surveys, field observations and interviews with fishermen and traders. Although regional shark fisheries remain mostly artisanal, reported shark and ray landings represent 28% of the regional total fish production, reaching 56,074 mt in 2012 (7.3% of total world catches), with Iran, Oman, Pakistan and Yemen ranking as the primary catchers. Utilization and distribution patterns are complex, vary between landing sites and countries, and remain unmonitored. Based on widespread over-exploitation of most teleost fisheries, current exploitation levels for most sharks and rays are potentially unsustainable. The situation is exacerbated by limited research and political will to support policy development, the incomplete nature of fisheries data, as well as insufficient regulations and enforcement. A better understanding of shark and ray fisheries will be key for regulating trade, promoting conservation and developing management initiatives to secure food security, livelihoods and biodiversity conservation in the region.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Citation:
Jabado RW, Spaet JLY (2017) Elasmobranch fisheries in the Arabian Seas Region: Characteristics, trade and management. Fish and Fisheries. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/faf.12227.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Journal:
Fish and Fisheries
Issue Date:
23-May-2017
DOI:
10.1111/faf.12227
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1467-2960
Sponsors:
We are grateful to all interviewed fishermen and government officials for providing us with information and assisting us in the field during our work. The authors would also like to thank Nicholas Dulvy, Jim Ellis and Gerrit Nanninga for their constructive comments that significantly improved this manuscript.
Additional Links:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/faf.12227/full
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorJabado, Rima Wen
dc.contributor.authorSpät, Julia L.Y.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-14T12:17:33Z-
dc.date.available2017-06-14T12:17:33Z-
dc.date.issued2017-05-23en
dc.identifier.citationJabado RW, Spaet JLY (2017) Elasmobranch fisheries in the Arabian Seas Region: Characteristics, trade and management. Fish and Fisheries. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/faf.12227.en
dc.identifier.issn1467-2960en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/faf.12227en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/625003-
dc.description.abstractThe Arabian Seas Region plays an important role in the global landings and trade of sharks and rays. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Yemen, two countries with stark socio-economic differences, serve as major regional trade hubs for shark and ray products and four countries (Oman, Pakistan, UAE and Yemen) supply nearly 11% of dried fin exports to Hong Kong. Yet, little information is available on the characteristics of this trade and the fisheries contributing to it. Here, we review the fisheries characteristics, trade, utilization and distribution chain of sharks and rays in 15 countries of the Arabian Seas Region based on published and grey literature, landing surveys, field observations and interviews with fishermen and traders. Although regional shark fisheries remain mostly artisanal, reported shark and ray landings represent 28% of the regional total fish production, reaching 56,074 mt in 2012 (7.3% of total world catches), with Iran, Oman, Pakistan and Yemen ranking as the primary catchers. Utilization and distribution patterns are complex, vary between landing sites and countries, and remain unmonitored. Based on widespread over-exploitation of most teleost fisheries, current exploitation levels for most sharks and rays are potentially unsustainable. The situation is exacerbated by limited research and political will to support policy development, the incomplete nature of fisheries data, as well as insufficient regulations and enforcement. A better understanding of shark and ray fisheries will be key for regulating trade, promoting conservation and developing management initiatives to secure food security, livelihoods and biodiversity conservation in the region.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWe are grateful to all interviewed fishermen and government officials for providing us with information and assisting us in the field during our work. The authors would also like to thank Nicholas Dulvy, Jim Ellis and Gerrit Nanninga for their constructive comments that significantly improved this manuscript.en
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen
dc.relation.urlhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/faf.12227/fullen
dc.subjectchondrichthyansen
dc.subjectconservationen
dc.subjectextinction risken
dc.subjectfin tradeen
dc.subjectfisheries managementen
dc.subjectsustainabilityen
dc.titleElasmobranch fisheries in the Arabian Seas Region: Characteristics, trade and managementen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.identifier.journalFish and Fisheriesen
dc.contributor.institutionGulf Elasmo Project; Dubai UAEen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Zoology; University of Cambridge; Cambridge UKen
kaust.authorSpät, Julia L.Y.en
All Items in KAUST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.