Design and Dynamic Characterization of an Orientation Insensitive Microwave Water-Cut Sensor

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/624984
Title:
Design and Dynamic Characterization of an Orientation Insensitive Microwave Water-Cut Sensor
Authors:
Karimi, Muhammad Akram ( 0000-0002-3723-6303 ) ; Arsalan, Muhammad; Shamim, Atif ( 0000-0002-4207-4740 )
Abstract:
Modern reservoir management in oil and gas industry relies on accurate water fraction measurement which is produced as a by-product with oil. This paper presents a novel and contactless water fraction (also known as water-cut) measurement technique which is independent of geometric distribution of oil and water inside the pipe. The sensor is based on a modified T-resonator implemented directly on the pipe's outer surface and whose resonance frequency decreases by increasing the water content in oil. The E-fields have been made to rotate and distribute well inside the pipe, despite having narrow and curved ground plane. It makes the sensor's reading dependent only on the water fraction and not on the mixture distribution inside the pipe. That is why, the presented design does not require any flow conditioner to homogenize the oil/water mixture unlike many commercial water-cut (WC) sensors. The presented sensor has been realized by using extremely low-cost methods of screen printing and reusable 3-D printed mask. Complete characterization of the proposed WC sensor, both in horizontal and vertical orientations, has been carried out in an industrial flow loop. Excellent repeatability of the sensor's response has been observed in 'dispersed bubble' as well as in 'stratified wavy' flow regimes. The performance test of the sensor confirms that the water fraction measurement is independent of the flow pattern, flow rate or orientation. The measured performance results of the sensor show full range accuracy of $± $2%-3% while tested under random orientations and wide range of flow rates.
KAUST Department:
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division; Integrated Microwave Packaging Antennas and Circuits Technology (IMPACT) Lab
Citation:
Karimi MA, Arsalan M, Shamim A (2017) Design and Dynamic Characterization of an Orientation Insensitive Microwave Water-Cut Sensor. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques: 1–10. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2017.2708708.
Publisher:
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Journal:
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue Date:
12-Jun-2017
DOI:
10.1109/TMTT.2017.2708708
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0018-9480; 1557-9670
Additional Links:
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7946091/
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Integrated Microwave Packaging Antennas and Circuits Technology (IMPACT) Lab; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKarimi, Muhammad Akramen
dc.contributor.authorArsalan, Muhammaden
dc.contributor.authorShamim, Atifen
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-14T06:04:47Z-
dc.date.available2017-06-14T06:04:47Z-
dc.date.issued2017-06-12en
dc.identifier.citationKarimi MA, Arsalan M, Shamim A (2017) Design and Dynamic Characterization of an Orientation Insensitive Microwave Water-Cut Sensor. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques: 1–10. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2017.2708708.en
dc.identifier.issn0018-9480en
dc.identifier.issn1557-9670en
dc.identifier.doi10.1109/TMTT.2017.2708708en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/624984-
dc.description.abstractModern reservoir management in oil and gas industry relies on accurate water fraction measurement which is produced as a by-product with oil. This paper presents a novel and contactless water fraction (also known as water-cut) measurement technique which is independent of geometric distribution of oil and water inside the pipe. The sensor is based on a modified T-resonator implemented directly on the pipe's outer surface and whose resonance frequency decreases by increasing the water content in oil. The E-fields have been made to rotate and distribute well inside the pipe, despite having narrow and curved ground plane. It makes the sensor's reading dependent only on the water fraction and not on the mixture distribution inside the pipe. That is why, the presented design does not require any flow conditioner to homogenize the oil/water mixture unlike many commercial water-cut (WC) sensors. The presented sensor has been realized by using extremely low-cost methods of screen printing and reusable 3-D printed mask. Complete characterization of the proposed WC sensor, both in horizontal and vertical orientations, has been carried out in an industrial flow loop. Excellent repeatability of the sensor's response has been observed in 'dispersed bubble' as well as in 'stratified wavy' flow regimes. The performance test of the sensor confirms that the water fraction measurement is independent of the flow pattern, flow rate or orientation. The measured performance results of the sensor show full range accuracy of $± $2%-3% while tested under random orientations and wide range of flow rates.en
dc.publisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)en
dc.relation.urlhttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7946091/en
dc.rights(c) 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.en
dc.subjectMicrowave circuitsen
dc.subjectMicrowave measurementen
dc.subjectMixersen
dc.subjectOilsen
dc.subjectOptical wavelength conversionen
dc.subjectResonant frequencyen
dc.titleDesign and Dynamic Characterization of an Orientation Insensitive Microwave Water-Cut Sensoren
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentIntegrated Microwave Packaging Antennas and Circuits Technology (IMPACT) Laben
dc.identifier.journalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniquesen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
dc.contributor.institutionProduction Technology Team, EXPEC ARC, Saudi Aramco 31311, Saudi Arabiaen
kaust.authorKarimi, Muhammad Akramen
kaust.authorShamim, Atifen
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