Metabolic rates and tissue composition of the coral Pocillopora verrucosa over 12 latitudes in the Red Sea characterized by strong temperature and nutrient gradient, supplement to: Sawall, Yvonne; Al-Sofyani, A; Hohn, S; Banguera-Hinestroza, E; Voolstra, Christian R; Wahl, Martin (2015): Extensive phenotypic plasticity of a Red Sea coral over a strong latitudinal temperature gradient suggests limited acclimatization potential to warming. Scientific Reports, 5, 8940

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/624119
Title:
Metabolic rates and tissue composition of the coral Pocillopora verrucosa over 12 latitudes in the Red Sea characterized by strong temperature and nutrient gradient, supplement to: Sawall, Yvonne; Al-Sofyani, A; Hohn, S; Banguera-Hinestroza, E; Voolstra, Christian R; Wahl, Martin (2015): Extensive phenotypic plasticity of a Red Sea coral over a strong latitudinal temperature gradient suggests limited acclimatization potential to warming. Scientific Reports, 5, 8940
Authors:
Sawall, Yvonne; Al-Sofyani, A; Hohn, S; Banguera-Hinestroza, E; Voolstra, Christian R. ( 0000-0003-4555-3795 ) ; Wahl, Martin
Abstract:
Global warming was reported to cause growth reductions in tropical shallow water corals in both, cooler and warmer, regions of the coral species range. This suggests regional adaptation with less heat-tolerant populations in cooler and more thermo-tolerant populations in warmer regions. Here, we investigated seasonal changes in the in situ metabolic performance of the widely distributed hermatypic coral Pocillopora verrucosa along 12 degrees latitudes featuring a steep temperature gradient between the northern (28.5 degrees N, 21-27 degrees C) and southern (16.5 degrees N, 28-33 degrees C) reaches of the Red Sea. Surprisingly, we found little indication for regional adaptation, but strong indications for high phenotypic plasticity: Calcification rates in two seasons (winter, summer) were found to be highest at 28-29 degrees C throughout all populations independent of their geographic location. Mucus release increased with temperature and nutrient supply, both being highest in the south. Genetic characterization of the coral host revealed low inter-regional variation and differences in the Symbiodinium clade composition only at the most northern and most southern region. This suggests variable acclimatization potential to ocean warming of coral populations across the Red Sea: high acclimatization potential in northern populations, but limited ability to cope with ocean warming in southern populations already existing at the upper thermal margin for corals
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Citation:
Sawall, Y., Al-Sofyani, A., Hohn, S., Banguera-Hinestroza, E., Voolstra, C. R., & Wahl, M. (2015). Metabolic rates and tissue composition of the coral Pocillopora verrucosa over 12 latitudes in the Red Sea characterized by strong temperature and nutrient gradient, supplement to: Sawall, Yvonne; Al-Sofyani, A; Hohn, S; Banguera-Hinestroza, E; Voolstra, Christian R; Wahl, Martin (2015): Extensive phenotypic plasticity of a Red Sea coral over a strong latitudinal temperature gradient suggests limited acclimatization potential to warming. Scientific Reports, 5, 8940. PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.841401
Publisher:
PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Issue Date:
2015
DOI:
10.1594/PANGAEA.841401
Type:
Dataset
Is Supplement To:
Extensive phenotypic plasticity of a Red Sea coral over a strong latitudinal temperature gradient suggests limited acclimatization potential to warming 2015, 5:8940 Scientific Reports; DOI:10.1038/srep08940; HANDLE:http://hdl.handle.net/10754/346702
Appears in Collections:
Datasets; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSawall, Yvonneen
dc.contributor.authorAl-Sofyani, Aen
dc.contributor.authorHohn, Sen
dc.contributor.authorBanguera-Hinestroza, Een
dc.contributor.authorVoolstra, Christian R.en
dc.contributor.authorWahl, Martinen
dc.coverage.spatialgeoLocationBox: 16.527 34.8044 28.52527 42.032en
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-06T07:44:30Z-
dc.date.available2017-06-06T07:44:30Z-
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.identifier.citationSawall, Y., Al-Sofyani, A., Hohn, S., Banguera-Hinestroza, E., Voolstra, C. R., & Wahl, M. (2015). Metabolic rates and tissue composition of the coral Pocillopora verrucosa over 12 latitudes in the Red Sea characterized by strong temperature and nutrient gradient, supplement to: Sawall, Yvonne; Al-Sofyani, A; Hohn, S; Banguera-Hinestroza, E; Voolstra, Christian R; Wahl, Martin (2015): Extensive phenotypic plasticity of a Red Sea coral over a strong latitudinal temperature gradient suggests limited acclimatization potential to warming. Scientific Reports, 5, 8940. PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.841401en
dc.identifier.doi10.1594/PANGAEA.841401en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/624119-
dc.description.abstractGlobal warming was reported to cause growth reductions in tropical shallow water corals in both, cooler and warmer, regions of the coral species range. This suggests regional adaptation with less heat-tolerant populations in cooler and more thermo-tolerant populations in warmer regions. Here, we investigated seasonal changes in the in situ metabolic performance of the widely distributed hermatypic coral Pocillopora verrucosa along 12 degrees latitudes featuring a steep temperature gradient between the northern (28.5 degrees N, 21-27 degrees C) and southern (16.5 degrees N, 28-33 degrees C) reaches of the Red Sea. Surprisingly, we found little indication for regional adaptation, but strong indications for high phenotypic plasticity: Calcification rates in two seasons (winter, summer) were found to be highest at 28-29 degrees C throughout all populations independent of their geographic location. Mucus release increased with temperature and nutrient supply, both being highest in the south. Genetic characterization of the coral host revealed low inter-regional variation and differences in the Symbiodinium clade composition only at the most northern and most southern region. This suggests variable acclimatization potential to ocean warming of coral populations across the Red Sea: high acclimatization potential in northern populations, but limited ability to cope with ocean warming in southern populations already existing at the upper thermal margin for coralsen
dc.formatapplication/zipen
dc.format.extent3 datasetsen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherPANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Scienceen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/en
dc.titleMetabolic rates and tissue composition of the coral Pocillopora verrucosa over 12 latitudes in the Red Sea characterized by strong temperature and nutrient gradient, supplement to: Sawall, Yvonne; Al-Sofyani, A; Hohn, S; Banguera-Hinestroza, E; Voolstra, Christian R; Wahl, Martin (2015): Extensive phenotypic plasticity of a Red Sea coral over a strong latitudinal temperature gradient suggests limited acclimatization potential to warming. Scientific Reports, 5, 8940en
dc.typeDataseten
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
kaust.authorVoolstra, Christian R.en
dc.type.resourceSupplementary Collection of Datasetsen
dc.relation.isSupplementToExtensive phenotypic plasticity of a Red Sea coral over a strong latitudinal temperature gradient suggests limited acclimatization potential to warming 2015, 5:8940 Scientific Reportsen
dc.relation.isSupplementToDOI:10.1038/srep08940en
dc.relation.isSupplementToHANDLE:http://hdl.handle.net/10754/346702en
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