Zooxanthellate zoantharians (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia: Brachycnemina) in the northern Red Sea

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/623692
Title:
Zooxanthellate zoantharians (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia: Brachycnemina) in the northern Red Sea
Authors:
Reimer, James Davis ( 0000-0003-0453-8804 ) ; Montenegro, Javier; Santos, Maria E. A.; Low, Martyn E. Y.; Herrera Sarrias, Marcela ( 0000-0001-6021-3989 ) ; Gatins, Remy ( 0000-0002-1786-9381 ) ; Roberts, May B. ( 0000-0001-6882-4266 ) ; Berumen, Michael L. ( 0000-0003-2463-2742 )
Abstract:
The Red Sea was one of the first areas of the Indo-Pacific to be investigated by marine taxonomists, and the literature on suborder Brachycnemina (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) for this region dates from the early nineteenth century. However, in the last 100 years there has been only one focused study on this group in the Red Sea. In the present study, specimens collected from the Saudi Arabian coast of the northern half of the Red Sea were phylogenetically analyzed by sequencing nuclear internal transcribed spacer regions of ribosomal DNA (ITS-rDNA), mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI), and 16S ribosomal DNA (16S–rDNA). The new results were compared with historical data in the literature and recent results from the Persian Gulf and the southeastern coast of Africa. Results show the presence of six to seven potential Brachycnemina species in the Red Sea; five to six Palythoa species (Palythoa mutuki, P. tuberculosa, P. cf. heliodiscus, P. aff. heliodiscus, and one to two species within the P. sp. “sakurajimensis” group) together with Zoanthus sansibaricus. While P. mutuki, P. tuberculosa, and Z. sansibaricus are known to be widely distributed in the Indo-Pacific, P. cf. heliodiscus and P. sp. “sakurajimensis” have not been reported from the Persian Gulf or the southeastern coast of Africa, and the current results represent large range extensions for these two species. Only one of the observed species, P. aff. heliodiscus, is potentially endemic to the Red Sea, further demonstrating the generally wide distributions of most zooxanthellate Brachycnemina species.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Citation:
Reimer JD, Montenegro J, Santos MEA, Low MEY, Herrera M, et al. (2017) Zooxanthellate zoantharians (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia: Brachycnemina) in the northern Red Sea. Marine Biodiversity. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12526-017-0706-3.
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Journal:
Marine Biodiversity
Issue Date:
12-May-2017
DOI:
10.1007/s12526-017-0706-3
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1867-1616; 1867-1624
Sponsors:
This research was supported by award No. 1389-CRG1 and baseline funding from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) to M.L.B. The following people from KAUST are thanked for logistical support: A. magnum Kattan, J. Bouwmeester, L. Chen, J. DiBattista, A. Gusti, A. Macauley, C. Nelson, M. Priest, and T. Sinclair-Taylor of KAUST, and the crew of the MY ‘Dream Master’. J.P. Hobbs, F. Benzoni, D. Uyeno, A.M. Kattan, and V. Chaldez are thanked for sampling help. J.D.R. was additionally supported in part by a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science “Kiban B” grant entitled “Global evolution of Brachycnemina and their Symbiodinium”. Two anonymous reviewers greatly improved an earlier version of this manuscript.
Additional Links:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12526-017-0706-3
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Reef Genomics, part of the Global Ocean Genome Project

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorReimer, James Davisen
dc.contributor.authorMontenegro, Javieren
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Maria E. A.en
dc.contributor.authorLow, Martyn E. Y.en
dc.contributor.authorHerrera Sarrias, Marcelaen
dc.contributor.authorGatins, Remyen
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, May B.en
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-22T10:19:26Z-
dc.date.available2017-05-22T10:19:26Z-
dc.date.issued2017-05-12en
dc.identifier.citationReimer JD, Montenegro J, Santos MEA, Low MEY, Herrera M, et al. (2017) Zooxanthellate zoantharians (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia: Brachycnemina) in the northern Red Sea. Marine Biodiversity. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12526-017-0706-3.en
dc.identifier.issn1867-1616en
dc.identifier.issn1867-1624en
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12526-017-0706-3en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/623692-
dc.description.abstractThe Red Sea was one of the first areas of the Indo-Pacific to be investigated by marine taxonomists, and the literature on suborder Brachycnemina (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) for this region dates from the early nineteenth century. However, in the last 100 years there has been only one focused study on this group in the Red Sea. In the present study, specimens collected from the Saudi Arabian coast of the northern half of the Red Sea were phylogenetically analyzed by sequencing nuclear internal transcribed spacer regions of ribosomal DNA (ITS-rDNA), mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI), and 16S ribosomal DNA (16S–rDNA). The new results were compared with historical data in the literature and recent results from the Persian Gulf and the southeastern coast of Africa. Results show the presence of six to seven potential Brachycnemina species in the Red Sea; five to six Palythoa species (Palythoa mutuki, P. tuberculosa, P. cf. heliodiscus, P. aff. heliodiscus, and one to two species within the P. sp. “sakurajimensis” group) together with Zoanthus sansibaricus. While P. mutuki, P. tuberculosa, and Z. sansibaricus are known to be widely distributed in the Indo-Pacific, P. cf. heliodiscus and P. sp. “sakurajimensis” have not been reported from the Persian Gulf or the southeastern coast of Africa, and the current results represent large range extensions for these two species. Only one of the observed species, P. aff. heliodiscus, is potentially endemic to the Red Sea, further demonstrating the generally wide distributions of most zooxanthellate Brachycnemina species.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by award No. 1389-CRG1 and baseline funding from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) to M.L.B. The following people from KAUST are thanked for logistical support: A. magnum Kattan, J. Bouwmeester, L. Chen, J. DiBattista, A. Gusti, A. Macauley, C. Nelson, M. Priest, and T. Sinclair-Taylor of KAUST, and the crew of the MY ‘Dream Master’. J.P. Hobbs, F. Benzoni, D. Uyeno, A.M. Kattan, and V. Chaldez are thanked for sampling help. J.D.R. was additionally supported in part by a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science “Kiban B” grant entitled “Global evolution of Brachycnemina and their Symbiodinium”. Two anonymous reviewers greatly improved an earlier version of this manuscript.en
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.relation.urlhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12526-017-0706-3en
dc.rightsThe final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12526-017-0706-3en
dc.subjectSaudi Arabiaen
dc.subjectTaxonomyen
dc.subjectZoogeographyen
dc.subjectCnidariaen
dc.subjectSpecies diversityen
dc.titleZooxanthellate zoantharians (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia: Brachycnemina) in the northern Red Seaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.identifier.journalMarine Biodiversityen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
dc.contributor.institutionMolecular Invertebrate and Systematics Ecology Laboratory, Graduate School of Engineering and Science, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japanen
dc.contributor.institutionTropical Biosphere Research Center, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japanen
dc.contributor.institutionLee Kong Chian Museum of Natural History, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of Singaporeen
kaust.authorHerrera Sarrias, Marcelaen
kaust.authorGatins, Remyen
kaust.authorRoberts, May B.en
kaust.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
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