Dynamic Characterization of a Low Cost Microwave Water-Cut Sensor in a Flow Loop

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/623078
Title:
Dynamic Characterization of a Low Cost Microwave Water-Cut Sensor in a Flow Loop
Authors:
Karimi, Muhammad Akram ( 0000-0002-3723-6303 ) ; Arsalan, Muhammad; Shamim, Atif ( 0000-0002-4207-4740 )
Abstract:
Inline precise measurement of water fraction in oil (i.e. water-cut [WC]) finds numerous applications in oil and gas industry. This paper presents the characterization of an extremely low cost, completely non-intrusive and full range microwave water-cut sensor based upon pipe conformable microwave T-resonator. A 10″ microwave stub based T-resonator has been implemented directly on the pipe surface whose resonance frequency changes in the frequency band of 90MHz–190MHz (111%) with changing water fraction in oil. The designed sensor is capable of detecting even small changes in WC with a resolution of 0.07% at low WC and 0.5% WC at high WC. The performance of the microwave WC sensor has been tested in an in-house flow loop. The proposed WC sensor has been characterized over full water-cut range (0%–100%) not only in vertical but also in horizontal orientation. The sensor has shown predictable response in both orientations with huge frequency shift. Moreover, flow rate effect has also been investigated on the proposed WC sensor’s performance and it has been found that the sensor’s repeatability is within 2.5% WC for variable flow rates.
KAUST Department:
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division; Integrated Microwave Packaging Antennas and Circuits Technology (IMPACT) Lab
Citation:
Karimi MA, Arsalan M, Shamim A (2017) Dynamic Characterization of a Low Cost Microwave Water-Cut Sensor in a Flow Loop. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2017.03.016.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical
Issue Date:
31-Mar-2017
DOI:
10.1016/j.sna.2017.03.016
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0924-4247
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924424716307208
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Integrated Microwave Packaging Antennas and Circuits Technology (IMPACT) Lab; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKarimi, Muhammad Akramen
dc.contributor.authorArsalan, Muhammaden
dc.contributor.authorShamim, Atifen
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-10T07:49:50Z-
dc.date.available2017-04-10T07:49:50Z-
dc.date.issued2017-03-31en
dc.identifier.citationKarimi MA, Arsalan M, Shamim A (2017) Dynamic Characterization of a Low Cost Microwave Water-Cut Sensor in a Flow Loop. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2017.03.016.en
dc.identifier.issn0924-4247en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.sna.2017.03.016en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/623078-
dc.description.abstractInline precise measurement of water fraction in oil (i.e. water-cut [WC]) finds numerous applications in oil and gas industry. This paper presents the characterization of an extremely low cost, completely non-intrusive and full range microwave water-cut sensor based upon pipe conformable microwave T-resonator. A 10″ microwave stub based T-resonator has been implemented directly on the pipe surface whose resonance frequency changes in the frequency band of 90MHz–190MHz (111%) with changing water fraction in oil. The designed sensor is capable of detecting even small changes in WC with a resolution of 0.07% at low WC and 0.5% WC at high WC. The performance of the microwave WC sensor has been tested in an in-house flow loop. The proposed WC sensor has been characterized over full water-cut range (0%–100%) not only in vertical but also in horizontal orientation. The sensor has shown predictable response in both orientations with huge frequency shift. Moreover, flow rate effect has also been investigated on the proposed WC sensor’s performance and it has been found that the sensor’s repeatability is within 2.5% WC for variable flow rates.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924424716307208en
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, [, , (2017-03-31)] DOI: 10.1016/j.sna.2017.03.016 . © 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectWater-cuten
dc.subjectMicrowave Sensoren
dc.subjectFlow Loopen
dc.titleDynamic Characterization of a Low Cost Microwave Water-Cut Sensor in a Flow Loopen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentIntegrated Microwave Packaging Antennas and Circuits Technology (IMPACT) Laben
dc.identifier.journalSensors and Actuators A: Physicalen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
dc.contributor.institutionEXPEC ARC, Production Technology Team, Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabiaen
kaust.authorKarimi, Muhammad Akramen
kaust.authorShamim, Atifen
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