Cross shelf benthic biodiversity patterns in the Southern Red Sea

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/623075
Title:
Cross shelf benthic biodiversity patterns in the Southern Red Sea
Authors:
Ellis, Joanne ( 0000-0002-2625-4274 ) ; Anlauf, Holger; Kurten, Saskia; Lozano-Cortés, Diego; Alsaffar, Zahra Hassan Ali; Curdia, Joao; Jones, Burton ( 0000-0002-9599-1593 ) ; Carvalho, Susana ( 0000-0003-1300-1953 )
Abstract:
The diversity of coral reef and soft sediment ecosystems in the Red Sea has to date received limited scientific attention. This study investigates changes in the community composition of both reef and macrobenthic communities along a cross shelf gradient. Coral reef assemblages differed significantly in species composition and structure with location and depth. Inner shelf reefs harbored less abundant and less diverse coral assemblages with higher percentage macroalgae cover. Nutrient availability and distance from the shoreline were significantly related to changes in coral composition and structure. This study also observed a clear inshore offshore pattern for soft sediment communities. In contrast to the coral reef patterns the highest diversity and abundance of soft sediment communities were recorded at the inshore sites, which were characterized by a higher number of opportunistic polychaete species and bivalves indicative of mild disturbance. Sediment grain size and nutrient enrichment were important variables explaining the variability. This study aims to contribute to our understanding of ecosystem processes and biodiversity in the Red Sea region in an area that also has the potential to provide insight into pressing topics, such as the capacity of reef systems and benthic macrofaunal organisms to adapt to global climate change.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Citation:
Ellis J, Anlauf H, Kürten S, Lozano-Cortés D, Alsaffar Z, et al. (2017) Cross shelf benthic biodiversity patterns in the Southern Red Sea. Scientific Reports 7. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00507-y.
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Journal:
Scientific Reports
Issue Date:
21-Mar-2017
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-017-00507-y
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2045-2322
Sponsors:
This research has been developed using funding from the Saudi Aramco KAUST Marine Environmental Observations (SAKMEO) research program. We would like to thank Ali M. Qasem (Saudi Aramco) for information regarding the industrial facilities in the Jizan area. This paper has been reviewed and approved by Saudi Aramco Public Relation Department (Tracking number 16-3669). We wish to thank the crew of the R.V. Thuwal for their assistance in collecting the field samples. Finally we would also like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their comments on this manuscript that improved the quality of the paper.
Additional Links:
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-00507-y
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorEllis, Joanneen
dc.contributor.authorAnlauf, Holgeren
dc.contributor.authorKurten, Saskiaen
dc.contributor.authorLozano-Cortés, Diegoen
dc.contributor.authorAlsaffar, Zahra Hassan Alien
dc.contributor.authorCurdia, Joaoen
dc.contributor.authorJones, Burtonen
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, Susanaen
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-10T07:49:50Z-
dc.date.available2017-04-10T07:49:50Z-
dc.date.issued2017-03-21en
dc.identifier.citationEllis J, Anlauf H, Kürten S, Lozano-Cortés D, Alsaffar Z, et al. (2017) Cross shelf benthic biodiversity patterns in the Southern Red Sea. Scientific Reports 7. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00507-y.en
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322en
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-017-00507-yen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/623075-
dc.description.abstractThe diversity of coral reef and soft sediment ecosystems in the Red Sea has to date received limited scientific attention. This study investigates changes in the community composition of both reef and macrobenthic communities along a cross shelf gradient. Coral reef assemblages differed significantly in species composition and structure with location and depth. Inner shelf reefs harbored less abundant and less diverse coral assemblages with higher percentage macroalgae cover. Nutrient availability and distance from the shoreline were significantly related to changes in coral composition and structure. This study also observed a clear inshore offshore pattern for soft sediment communities. In contrast to the coral reef patterns the highest diversity and abundance of soft sediment communities were recorded at the inshore sites, which were characterized by a higher number of opportunistic polychaete species and bivalves indicative of mild disturbance. Sediment grain size and nutrient enrichment were important variables explaining the variability. This study aims to contribute to our understanding of ecosystem processes and biodiversity in the Red Sea region in an area that also has the potential to provide insight into pressing topics, such as the capacity of reef systems and benthic macrofaunal organisms to adapt to global climate change.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research has been developed using funding from the Saudi Aramco KAUST Marine Environmental Observations (SAKMEO) research program. We would like to thank Ali M. Qasem (Saudi Aramco) for information regarding the industrial facilities in the Jizan area. This paper has been reviewed and approved by Saudi Aramco Public Relation Department (Tracking number 16-3669). We wish to thank the crew of the R.V. Thuwal for their assistance in collecting the field samples. Finally we would also like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their comments on this manuscript that improved the quality of the paper.en
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-00507-yen
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.titleCross shelf benthic biodiversity patterns in the Southern Red Seaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.identifier.journalScientific Reportsen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironmental Protection Department, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, 31311, Saudi Arabia.en
kaust.authorEllis, Joanneen
kaust.authorAnlauf, Holgeren
kaust.authorKurten, Saskiaen
kaust.authorAlsaffar, Zahra Hassan Alien
kaust.authorCurdia, Joaoen
kaust.authorJones, Burtonen
kaust.authorCarvalho, Susanaen
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