Molecular Design of Nanofiltration Membranes for the Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludge

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/622433
Title:
Molecular Design of Nanofiltration Membranes for the Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludge
Authors:
Thong, Zhiwei; Cui, Yue; Ong, Yee Kang; Chung, Neal Tai-Shung ( 0000-0003-3704-8609 )
Abstract:
With the rapid depletion of mineral phosphorus, the recovery of phosphorus from sewage sludge becomes increasingly important. However, the presence of various contaminants such as heavy metals in sewage sludge complicates the issue. One must separate phosphorus from the heavy metals in order to produce fertilizers of high quality. Among various available methods, nanofiltration (NF) has been demonstrated to be a feasible and promising option when the sewage sludge undergoes acidic dissolution and the operating pH is around 2. Because the performance of commercially available thin film composite (TFC) NF membranes reported thus far has great room for improvement, the development of highly permeable positively charged NF membranes is recommended. To this aim, a NF membrane that is desirable for phosphorus recovery was fabricated via interfacial polymerization of polyethylenimine (PEI) and trimesoyl chloride (TMC) on a porous poly(ether sulfone) (PES) membrane substrate. Through an optimization of the interfacial polymerization process, which involves varying the molecular weight of PEI and the concentration of TMC, the resultant membrane displays a low molecular weight cutoff (MWCO) of 170 Da with a reasonably high pure water permeability (A) of 6.4 LMH/bar. The newly developed NF membrane can effectively reject a wide variety of heavy metal ions such as Cu, Zn, Pb and Ni (>93%) while demonstrating a low phosphorus rejection of 19.6% at 10 bar using a feed solution of pH 2. Thus, up to 90% of the feed phosphorus may be recovered using this newly developed NF membrane at a permeate recovery of 90%. This is a highly competitive value for the recovery of phosphorus. © 2016 American Chemical Society.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Citation:
Thong Z, Cui Y, Ong YK, Chung T-S (2016) Molecular Design of Nanofiltration Membranes for the Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludge. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 4: 5570–5577. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01299.
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Journal:
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Issue Date:
24-Aug-2016
DOI:
10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01299
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2168-0485; 2168-0485
Sponsors:
The authors thank GlaxoSmithKline-Economic Development Board (GSK-EDB) Trust Fund for the project entitled “New membrane development to facilitate solvent recovery and pharmaceutical separation in pharmaceutical syntheses” with the grant number R-706-000-019-592. We also acknowledge the support of the Singapore National Research Foundation under its Environment & Water Research Programme and administered by PUB, Singapore’s national water agency, for the project entitled “Advanced development of nanofiltration hollow fiber membranes and their applications” with the grant number R-279-000-451-279.
Additional Links:
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01299
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorThong, Zhiweien
dc.contributor.authorCui, Yueen
dc.contributor.authorOng, Yee Kangen
dc.contributor.authorChung, Neal Tai-Shungen
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T09:28:31Z-
dc.date.available2017-01-02T09:28:31Z-
dc.date.issued2016-08-24en
dc.identifier.citationThong Z, Cui Y, Ong YK, Chung T-S (2016) Molecular Design of Nanofiltration Membranes for the Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludge. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 4: 5570–5577. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01299.en
dc.identifier.issn2168-0485en
dc.identifier.issn2168-0485en
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01299en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622433-
dc.description.abstractWith the rapid depletion of mineral phosphorus, the recovery of phosphorus from sewage sludge becomes increasingly important. However, the presence of various contaminants such as heavy metals in sewage sludge complicates the issue. One must separate phosphorus from the heavy metals in order to produce fertilizers of high quality. Among various available methods, nanofiltration (NF) has been demonstrated to be a feasible and promising option when the sewage sludge undergoes acidic dissolution and the operating pH is around 2. Because the performance of commercially available thin film composite (TFC) NF membranes reported thus far has great room for improvement, the development of highly permeable positively charged NF membranes is recommended. To this aim, a NF membrane that is desirable for phosphorus recovery was fabricated via interfacial polymerization of polyethylenimine (PEI) and trimesoyl chloride (TMC) on a porous poly(ether sulfone) (PES) membrane substrate. Through an optimization of the interfacial polymerization process, which involves varying the molecular weight of PEI and the concentration of TMC, the resultant membrane displays a low molecular weight cutoff (MWCO) of 170 Da with a reasonably high pure water permeability (A) of 6.4 LMH/bar. The newly developed NF membrane can effectively reject a wide variety of heavy metal ions such as Cu, Zn, Pb and Ni (>93%) while demonstrating a low phosphorus rejection of 19.6% at 10 bar using a feed solution of pH 2. Thus, up to 90% of the feed phosphorus may be recovered using this newly developed NF membrane at a permeate recovery of 90%. This is a highly competitive value for the recovery of phosphorus. © 2016 American Chemical Society.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors thank GlaxoSmithKline-Economic Development Board (GSK-EDB) Trust Fund for the project entitled “New membrane development to facilitate solvent recovery and pharmaceutical separation in pharmaceutical syntheses” with the grant number R-706-000-019-592. We also acknowledge the support of the Singapore National Research Foundation under its Environment & Water Research Programme and administered by PUB, Singapore’s national water agency, for the project entitled “Advanced development of nanofiltration hollow fiber membranes and their applications” with the grant number R-279-000-451-279.en
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)en
dc.relation.urlhttp://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01299en
dc.subjectAcidic conditionsen
dc.subjectComposite membraneen
dc.subjectHeavy metal removalen
dc.subjectNanofiltrationen
dc.subjectPhosphorus recoveryen
dc.titleMolecular Design of Nanofiltration Membranes for the Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludgeen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.identifier.journalACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineeringen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 4, Singapore, Singaporeen
kaust.authorChung, Neal Tai-Shungen
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