An aerated and fluidized bed membrane bioreactor for effective wastewater treatment with low membrane fouling

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/622374
Title:
An aerated and fluidized bed membrane bioreactor for effective wastewater treatment with low membrane fouling
Authors:
Ye, Yaoli; Labarge, Nicole; Kashima, Hiroyuki; Kim, Kyoung Yeol; Hong, Pei-Ying ( 0000-0002-4474-6600 ) ; Saikaly, Pascal ( 0000-0001-7678-3986 ) ; Logan, Bruce E.
Abstract:
Anaerobic fluidized bed membrane bioreactors (AFMBRs) use granular activated carbon (GAC) particles suspended by recirculation to effectively treat low strength wastewaters (∼100–200 mg L−1, chemical oxygen demand, COD), but the effluent can contain dissolved methane. An aerobic fluidized bed membrane bioreactor (AOFMBR) was developed to avoid methane production and the need for wastewater recirculation by using rising air bubbles to suspend GAC particles. The performance of the AOFMBR was compared to an AFMBR and a conventional aerobic membrane bioreactor (AeMBR) for domestic wastewater treatment over 130 d at ambient temperatures (fixed hydraulic retention time of 1.3 h). The effluent of the AOFMBR had a COD of 20 ± 8 mg L−1, and a turbidity of <0.2 NTU, for low-COD influent (153 ± 19 and 214 ± 27 mg L−1), similar to the AeMBR and AFMBR. For the high-COD influent (299 ± 24 mg L−1), higher effluent CODs were obtained for the AeMBR (38 ± 9 mg L−1) and AFMBR (51 ± 11 mg L−1) than the AOFMBR (26 ± 6 mg L−1). Transmembrane pressure of the AOFMBR increased at 0.04 kPa d−1, which was 20% less than the AeMBR and 57% less than the AFMBR, at the low influent COD. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis indicated a more uniform biofilm on the membrane in AOFMBR than that from the AeMBR biofilm, and no evidence of membrane damage. High similarity was found between communities in the suspended sludge in the AOFMBR and AeMBR (square-root transformed Bray–Curtis similarity, SRBCS, 0.69). Communities on the GAC and suspended sludge were dissimilar in the AOFMBR (SRBCS, 0.52), but clustered in the AFMBR (SRBCS, 0.63).
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Citation:
Ye Y, LaBarge N, Kashima H, Kim K-Y, Hong P-Y, et al. (2016) An aerated and fluidized bed membrane bioreactor for effective wastewater treatment with low membrane fouling. Environ Sci: Water Res Technol 2: 994–1003. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6ew00203j.
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Journal:
Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol.
KAUST Grant Number:
OSR-2015-SEED-2450-01
Issue Date:
24-Sep-2016
DOI:
10.1039/c6ew00203j
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2053-1400; 2053-1419
Sponsors:
This work was supported by Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP), and Award OSR-2015- SEED-2450-01 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). We also would like to thank John J. Cantolina, the technologist from Huck institute of the Life Sciences, the Pennsylvania State University for his help in SEM imaging.
Additional Links:
http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2016/EW/C6EW00203J
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorYe, Yaolien
dc.contributor.authorLabarge, Nicoleen
dc.contributor.authorKashima, Hiroyukien
dc.contributor.authorKim, Kyoung Yeolen
dc.contributor.authorHong, Pei-Yingen
dc.contributor.authorSaikaly, Pascalen
dc.contributor.authorLogan, Bruce E.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T09:28:27Z-
dc.date.available2017-01-02T09:28:27Z-
dc.date.issued2016-09-24en
dc.identifier.citationYe Y, LaBarge N, Kashima H, Kim K-Y, Hong P-Y, et al. (2016) An aerated and fluidized bed membrane bioreactor for effective wastewater treatment with low membrane fouling. Environ Sci: Water Res Technol 2: 994–1003. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6ew00203j.en
dc.identifier.issn2053-1400en
dc.identifier.issn2053-1419en
dc.identifier.doi10.1039/c6ew00203jen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622374-
dc.description.abstractAnaerobic fluidized bed membrane bioreactors (AFMBRs) use granular activated carbon (GAC) particles suspended by recirculation to effectively treat low strength wastewaters (∼100–200 mg L−1, chemical oxygen demand, COD), but the effluent can contain dissolved methane. An aerobic fluidized bed membrane bioreactor (AOFMBR) was developed to avoid methane production and the need for wastewater recirculation by using rising air bubbles to suspend GAC particles. The performance of the AOFMBR was compared to an AFMBR and a conventional aerobic membrane bioreactor (AeMBR) for domestic wastewater treatment over 130 d at ambient temperatures (fixed hydraulic retention time of 1.3 h). The effluent of the AOFMBR had a COD of 20 ± 8 mg L−1, and a turbidity of <0.2 NTU, for low-COD influent (153 ± 19 and 214 ± 27 mg L−1), similar to the AeMBR and AFMBR. For the high-COD influent (299 ± 24 mg L−1), higher effluent CODs were obtained for the AeMBR (38 ± 9 mg L−1) and AFMBR (51 ± 11 mg L−1) than the AOFMBR (26 ± 6 mg L−1). Transmembrane pressure of the AOFMBR increased at 0.04 kPa d−1, which was 20% less than the AeMBR and 57% less than the AFMBR, at the low influent COD. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis indicated a more uniform biofilm on the membrane in AOFMBR than that from the AeMBR biofilm, and no evidence of membrane damage. High similarity was found between communities in the suspended sludge in the AOFMBR and AeMBR (square-root transformed Bray–Curtis similarity, SRBCS, 0.69). Communities on the GAC and suspended sludge were dissimilar in the AOFMBR (SRBCS, 0.52), but clustered in the AFMBR (SRBCS, 0.63).en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP), and Award OSR-2015- SEED-2450-01 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). We also would like to thank John J. Cantolina, the technologist from Huck institute of the Life Sciences, the Pennsylvania State University for his help in SEM imaging.en
dc.publisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (RSC)en
dc.relation.urlhttp://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2016/EW/C6EW00203Jen
dc.titleAn aerated and fluidized bed membrane bioreactor for effective wastewater treatment with low membrane foulingen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalEnviron. Sci.: Water Res. Technol.en
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, USAen
kaust.authorHong, Pei-Yingen
kaust.authorSaikaly, Pascalen
kaust.grant.numberOSR-2015-SEED-2450-01en
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