Regional variation in the structure and function of parrotfishes on Arabian reefs

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/622331
Title:
Regional variation in the structure and function of parrotfishes on Arabian reefs
Authors:
Hoey, Andrew; Feary, David A.; Burt, John A.; Vaughan, Grace; Pratchett, Morgan S.; Berumen, Michael L. ( 0000-0003-2463-2742 )
Abstract:
Parrotfishes (f. Labridae) are a unique and ubiquitous group of herbivorous reef fishes. We compared the distribution and ecosystem function (grazing and erosion) of parrotfishes across 75 reefs in Arabia. Our results revealed marked regional differences in the abundance, and taxonomic and functional composition of parrotfishes between the Red Sea, Arabian Sea, and Arabian Gulf. High densities and diversity of parrotfishes, and high rates of grazing (210% year) and erosion (1.57 kg m year) characterised Red Sea reefs. Despite Arabian Sea and Red Sea reefs having broadly comparable abundances of parrotfishes, estimates of grazing (150% year) and erosion (0.43 kg m year) were markedly lower in the Arabian Sea. Parrotfishes were extremely rare within the southern Arabian Gulf, and as such rates of grazing and erosion were negligible. This regional variation in abundance and functional composition of parrotfishes appears to be related to local environmental conditions.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Citation:
Hoey AS, Feary DA, Burt JA, Vaughan G, Pratchett MS, et al. (2016) Regional variation in the structure and function of parrotfishes on Arabian reefs. Marine Pollution Bulletin 105: 524–531. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.11.035.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Issue Date:
20-Nov-2015
DOI:
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.11.035
PubMed ID:
26608505
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0025-326X
Sponsors:
We thank M McCormick, A Bauman, Environment Agency of Abu Dhabi, and Fujeirah Municipality for field and/or logistic support. Comments from an anonymous reviewer improved the manuscript. Financial support was provided by the Australian Research Council (ASH, MSP), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (ASH, MLB), the United Nations University International Network on Water, Environment and Health (DAF), and New York University Abu Dhabi Institute (JB).
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHoey, Andrewen
dc.contributor.authorFeary, David A.en
dc.contributor.authorBurt, John A.en
dc.contributor.authorVaughan, Graceen
dc.contributor.authorPratchett, Morgan S.en
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T09:08:26Z-
dc.date.available2017-01-02T09:08:26Z-
dc.date.issued2015-11-20en
dc.identifier.citationHoey AS, Feary DA, Burt JA, Vaughan G, Pratchett MS, et al. (2016) Regional variation in the structure and function of parrotfishes on Arabian reefs. Marine Pollution Bulletin 105: 524–531. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.11.035.en
dc.identifier.issn0025-326Xen
dc.identifier.pmid26608505en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.11.035en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622331-
dc.description.abstractParrotfishes (f. Labridae) are a unique and ubiquitous group of herbivorous reef fishes. We compared the distribution and ecosystem function (grazing and erosion) of parrotfishes across 75 reefs in Arabia. Our results revealed marked regional differences in the abundance, and taxonomic and functional composition of parrotfishes between the Red Sea, Arabian Sea, and Arabian Gulf. High densities and diversity of parrotfishes, and high rates of grazing (210% year) and erosion (1.57 kg m year) characterised Red Sea reefs. Despite Arabian Sea and Red Sea reefs having broadly comparable abundances of parrotfishes, estimates of grazing (150% year) and erosion (0.43 kg m year) were markedly lower in the Arabian Sea. Parrotfishes were extremely rare within the southern Arabian Gulf, and as such rates of grazing and erosion were negligible. This regional variation in abundance and functional composition of parrotfishes appears to be related to local environmental conditions.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank M McCormick, A Bauman, Environment Agency of Abu Dhabi, and Fujeirah Municipality for field and/or logistic support. Comments from an anonymous reviewer improved the manuscript. Financial support was provided by the Australian Research Council (ASH, MSP), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (ASH, MLB), the United Nations University International Network on Water, Environment and Health (DAF), and New York University Abu Dhabi Institute (JB).en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectArabian Gulfen
dc.subjectArabian Seaen
dc.subjectBioerosionen
dc.subjectEcosystem processen
dc.subjectHerbivoryen
dc.subjectRed Seaen
dc.titleRegional variation in the structure and function of parrotfishes on Arabian reefsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.identifier.journalMarine Pollution Bulletinen
dc.contributor.institutionARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Q4811, Australiaen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, United Kingdomen
dc.contributor.institutionBiology, New York University, Abu Dhabi, PO Box 129188, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emiratesen
kaust.authorHoey, Andrewen
kaust.authorBerumen, Michael L.en

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