Performance and emissions of gasoline blended with terpineol as an octane booster

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/622326
Title:
Performance and emissions of gasoline blended with terpineol as an octane booster
Authors:
Vallinayagam, R.; Vedharaj, S.; Roberts, William L. ( 0000-0003-1999-2831 ) ; Dibble, Robert W. ( 0000-0002-4002-9356 ) ; Sarathy, Mani ( 0000-0002-3975-6206 )
Abstract:
This study investigates the effect of using terpineol as an octane booster for gasoline fuel. Unlike ethanol, terpineol is a high energy density biofuel that is unlikely to result in increased volumetric fuel consumption when used in engines. In this study, terpineol is added to non-oxygenated FACE F gasoline (Research Octane Number = 94.5) in volumetric proportions of 10%, 20% and 30% and tested in a single cylinder spark ignited engine. The performance of terpineol blended fuels are compared against a standard oxygenated EURO V (ethanol blended) gasoline. It was determined that the addition of terpineol to FACE F gasoline enhanced the octane number of the blend, resulting in improved brake thermal efficiency and total fuel consumption. For FACE F + 30% terpineol, break thermal efficiency was improved by 12.1% over FACE F gasoline at full load for maximum brake torque operating point, and similar performance as EURO V gasoline was achieved. Due to its high energy density, total fuel consumption was reduced by 6.2% and 9.7% with 30% terpineol in the blend when compared to FACE F gasoline at low and full load conditions, respectively. Gaseous emissions such as total hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emission were reduced by 36.8% and 22.7% for FACE F + 30% terpineol compared to FACE F gasoline at full load condition. On the other hand, nitrogen oxide and soot emissions are increased for terpineol blended FACE F gasoline when compared to FACE F and EURO V gasoline. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
KAUST Department:
Clean Combustion Research Center; Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Citation:
Vallinayagam R, Vedharaj S, Roberts WL, Dibble RW, Sarathy SM (2017) Performance and emissions of gasoline blended with terpineol as an octane booster. Renewable Energy 101: 1087–1093. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.09.055.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Renewable Energy
Issue Date:
10-Nov-2016
DOI:
10.1016/j.renene.2016.09.055
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0960-1481
Sponsors:
This work was funded by competitive research funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) under the Clean Combustion Research Center's Future Fuels program. We also acknowledge funding from KAUST and Saudi Aramco under the FUELCOM program. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to our Research Technician, Adrian. I. Ichim for his support in carrying out the engine experiments at KAUST engine lab.
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096014811630845X
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division; Clean Combustion Research Center

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorVallinayagam, R.en
dc.contributor.authorVedharaj, S.en
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, William L.en
dc.contributor.authorDibble, Robert W.en
dc.contributor.authorSarathy, Manien
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T09:08:26Z-
dc.date.available2017-01-02T09:08:26Z-
dc.date.issued2016-11-10en
dc.identifier.citationVallinayagam R, Vedharaj S, Roberts WL, Dibble RW, Sarathy SM (2017) Performance and emissions of gasoline blended with terpineol as an octane booster. Renewable Energy 101: 1087–1093. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.09.055.en
dc.identifier.issn0960-1481en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.renene.2016.09.055en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622326-
dc.description.abstractThis study investigates the effect of using terpineol as an octane booster for gasoline fuel. Unlike ethanol, terpineol is a high energy density biofuel that is unlikely to result in increased volumetric fuel consumption when used in engines. In this study, terpineol is added to non-oxygenated FACE F gasoline (Research Octane Number = 94.5) in volumetric proportions of 10%, 20% and 30% and tested in a single cylinder spark ignited engine. The performance of terpineol blended fuels are compared against a standard oxygenated EURO V (ethanol blended) gasoline. It was determined that the addition of terpineol to FACE F gasoline enhanced the octane number of the blend, resulting in improved brake thermal efficiency and total fuel consumption. For FACE F + 30% terpineol, break thermal efficiency was improved by 12.1% over FACE F gasoline at full load for maximum brake torque operating point, and similar performance as EURO V gasoline was achieved. Due to its high energy density, total fuel consumption was reduced by 6.2% and 9.7% with 30% terpineol in the blend when compared to FACE F gasoline at low and full load conditions, respectively. Gaseous emissions such as total hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emission were reduced by 36.8% and 22.7% for FACE F + 30% terpineol compared to FACE F gasoline at full load condition. On the other hand, nitrogen oxide and soot emissions are increased for terpineol blended FACE F gasoline when compared to FACE F and EURO V gasoline. © 2016 Elsevier Ltden
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was funded by competitive research funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) under the Clean Combustion Research Center's Future Fuels program. We also acknowledge funding from KAUST and Saudi Aramco under the FUELCOM program. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to our Research Technician, Adrian. I. Ichim for his support in carrying out the engine experiments at KAUST engine lab.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096014811630845Xen
dc.subjectEmission and gasolineen
dc.subjectOctane boosteren
dc.subjectPerformanceen
dc.subjectSI engineen
dc.subjectTerpineolen
dc.titlePerformance and emissions of gasoline blended with terpineol as an octane boosteren
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentClean Combustion Research Centeren
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalRenewable Energyen
kaust.authorVallinayagam, R.en
kaust.authorVedharaj, S.en
kaust.authorRoberts, William L.en
kaust.authorDibble, Robert W.en
kaust.authorSarathy, Manien
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