Exploring the potential of commercial polyethylene membranes for desalination by membrane distillation

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/622290
Title:
Exploring the potential of commercial polyethylene membranes for desalination by membrane distillation
Authors:
Zuo, Jian; Bonyadi, Sina; Chung, Neal Tai-Shung ( 0000-0003-3704-8609 )
Abstract:
The potential of utilizing polyethylene (PE) membranes in membrane distillation (MD) for sea water desalination has been explored in this study. The advantages of using PE membranes are (1) their intrinsic hydrophobicity with low surface energy of 28-33×10N/m, (2) good chemical stability and low thermal conductivity and (3) their commercial availability that may expedite the MD commercialization process. Several commercial PE membranes with different physicochemical properties are employed to study the capability and feasibility of PE membrane application in an MD process. The effect of membrane pore size, porosity, thickness and wetting resistance on MD performance and energy efficiency have been investigated. The PE membranes demonstrate impressive separation performance with permeation fluxes reaching 123.0L/mh for a 3.5wt% sodium chloride (NaCl) feed solution at 80°C. This superior performance surpasses most of the prior commercial and lab-made flat sheet and hollow fiber membranes. A long term MD testing of 100h is also performed to evaluate the durability of PE membranes, and a relatively stable performance is observed during the entire experiment. This long term stability signifies the suitability of PE membranes for MD applications.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Citation:
Zuo J, Bonyadi S, Chung T-S (2016) Exploring the potential of commercial polyethylene membranes for desalination by membrane distillation. Journal of Membrane Science 497: 239–247. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2015.09.038.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Journal of Membrane Science
Issue Date:
26-Sep-2015
DOI:
10.1016/j.memsci.2015.09.038
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0376-7388
Sponsors:
This research was funded by the Singapore National Research Foundation under its Competitive Research Program for the project entitled, "Advanced FO Membranes and Membrane Systems for Wastewater Treatment, Water Reuse and Seawater Desalination" (Grant number: R-279-000-336-281). The authors also thank the Singapore National Research Foundation under its Energy Innovation Research Programme for the project entitled, "Using Cold Energy from Re-gasification of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) for Novel Hybrid Seawater Desalination Technologies" (Grant number: R-279-000-456-279) for funding this research. We would also gratefully thank Entegris Inc. for proving the PE membranes and their support. Dr. Zuo Jian also acknowledges the World Future Foundation for his Ph.D. Prize in Environmental ans Sustainability Research 2015.
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorZuo, Jianen
dc.contributor.authorBonyadi, Sinaen
dc.contributor.authorChung, Neal Tai-Shungen
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T09:08:24Z-
dc.date.available2017-01-02T09:08:24Z-
dc.date.issued2015-09-26en
dc.identifier.citationZuo J, Bonyadi S, Chung T-S (2016) Exploring the potential of commercial polyethylene membranes for desalination by membrane distillation. Journal of Membrane Science 497: 239–247. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2015.09.038.en
dc.identifier.issn0376-7388en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.memsci.2015.09.038en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622290-
dc.description.abstractThe potential of utilizing polyethylene (PE) membranes in membrane distillation (MD) for sea water desalination has been explored in this study. The advantages of using PE membranes are (1) their intrinsic hydrophobicity with low surface energy of 28-33×10N/m, (2) good chemical stability and low thermal conductivity and (3) their commercial availability that may expedite the MD commercialization process. Several commercial PE membranes with different physicochemical properties are employed to study the capability and feasibility of PE membrane application in an MD process. The effect of membrane pore size, porosity, thickness and wetting resistance on MD performance and energy efficiency have been investigated. The PE membranes demonstrate impressive separation performance with permeation fluxes reaching 123.0L/mh for a 3.5wt% sodium chloride (NaCl) feed solution at 80°C. This superior performance surpasses most of the prior commercial and lab-made flat sheet and hollow fiber membranes. A long term MD testing of 100h is also performed to evaluate the durability of PE membranes, and a relatively stable performance is observed during the entire experiment. This long term stability signifies the suitability of PE membranes for MD applications.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by the Singapore National Research Foundation under its Competitive Research Program for the project entitled, "Advanced FO Membranes and Membrane Systems for Wastewater Treatment, Water Reuse and Seawater Desalination" (Grant number: R-279-000-336-281). The authors also thank the Singapore National Research Foundation under its Energy Innovation Research Programme for the project entitled, "Using Cold Energy from Re-gasification of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) for Novel Hybrid Seawater Desalination Technologies" (Grant number: R-279-000-456-279) for funding this research. We would also gratefully thank Entegris Inc. for proving the PE membranes and their support. Dr. Zuo Jian also acknowledges the World Future Foundation for his Ph.D. Prize in Environmental ans Sustainability Research 2015.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectMembrane distillationen
dc.subjectPolyethylene (PE)en
dc.subjectSea water desalinationen
dc.titleExploring the potential of commercial polyethylene membranes for desalination by membrane distillationen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Membrane Scienceen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 4, 117585, Singaporeen
dc.contributor.institutionEntegris, Inc., 129 Concord Road, Billerica, MA, 01821, United Statesen
kaust.authorChung, Neal Tai-Shungen
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