A novel multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation module: Design, experimental and theoretical approaches

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/622268
Title:
A novel multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation module: Design, experimental and theoretical approaches
Authors:
Lee, Jung Gil; Kim, Woo-Seung; Choi, June-Seok; Ghaffour, Noreddine ( 0000-0003-2095-4736 ) ; Kim, Young-Deuk
Abstract:
An economic desalination system with a small scale and footprint for remote areas, which have a limited and inadequate water supply, insufficient water treatment and low infrastructure, is strongly demanded in the desalination markets. Here, a direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) process has the simplest configuration and potentially the highest permeate flux among all of the possible MD processes. This process can also be easily instituted in a multi-stage manner for enhanced compactness, productivity, versatility and cost-effectiveness. In this study, an innovative, multi-stage, DCMD module under countercurrent-flow configuration is first designed and then investigate both theoretically and experimentally to identify its feasibility and operability for desalination application. Model predictions and measured data for mean permeate flux are compared and shown to be in good agreement. The effect of the number of module stages on the mean permeate flux, performance ratio and daily water production of the MDCMD system has been theoretically identified at inlet feed and permeate flow rates of 1.5 l/min and inlet feed and permeate temperatures of 70 °C and 25 °C, respectively. The daily water production of a three-stage DCMD module with a membrane area of 0.01 m2 at each stage is found to be 21.5 kg.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Citation:
Lee J-G, Kim W-S, Choi J-S, Ghaffour N, Kim Y-D (2016) A novel multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation module: Design, experimental and theoretical approaches. Water Research 107: 47–56. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2016.10.059.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Water Research
Issue Date:
24-Oct-2016
DOI:
10.1016/j.watres.2016.10.059
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0043-1354
Sponsors:
The research reported in this paper was supported by a grant (code 13IFIP-B065893-03) from the Industrial Facilities & Infrastructure Research Program funded by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the Korean Government.
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0043135416308120
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLee, Jung Gilen
dc.contributor.authorKim, Woo-Seungen
dc.contributor.authorChoi, June-Seoken
dc.contributor.authorGhaffour, Noreddineen
dc.contributor.authorKim, Young-Deuken
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T09:08:23Z-
dc.date.available2017-01-02T09:08:23Z-
dc.date.issued2016-10-24en
dc.identifier.citationLee J-G, Kim W-S, Choi J-S, Ghaffour N, Kim Y-D (2016) A novel multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation module: Design, experimental and theoretical approaches. Water Research 107: 47–56. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2016.10.059.en
dc.identifier.issn0043-1354en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.watres.2016.10.059en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622268-
dc.description.abstractAn economic desalination system with a small scale and footprint for remote areas, which have a limited and inadequate water supply, insufficient water treatment and low infrastructure, is strongly demanded in the desalination markets. Here, a direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) process has the simplest configuration and potentially the highest permeate flux among all of the possible MD processes. This process can also be easily instituted in a multi-stage manner for enhanced compactness, productivity, versatility and cost-effectiveness. In this study, an innovative, multi-stage, DCMD module under countercurrent-flow configuration is first designed and then investigate both theoretically and experimentally to identify its feasibility and operability for desalination application. Model predictions and measured data for mean permeate flux are compared and shown to be in good agreement. The effect of the number of module stages on the mean permeate flux, performance ratio and daily water production of the MDCMD system has been theoretically identified at inlet feed and permeate flow rates of 1.5 l/min and inlet feed and permeate temperatures of 70 °C and 25 °C, respectively. The daily water production of a three-stage DCMD module with a membrane area of 0.01 m2 at each stage is found to be 21.5 kg.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research reported in this paper was supported by a grant (code 13IFIP-B065893-03) from the Industrial Facilities & Infrastructure Research Program funded by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the Korean Government.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0043135416308120en
dc.rights© 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 licenseen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectMulti-stage DCMDen
dc.subjectModule designen
dc.subjectDesalinationen
dc.subjectComposite membraneen
dc.subjectExperimenten
dc.subjectModelingen
dc.titleA novel multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation module: Design, experimental and theoretical approachesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.identifier.journalWater Researchen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Hanyang University, 55 Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan, Gyeonggi-do 15588, Republic of Koreaen
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironment and Plant Research Institute, Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology (KICT), 283 Goyangdae-ro, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang, Gyeonggi-do 10223, Republic of Koreaen
kaust.authorLee, Jung Gilen
kaust.authorGhaffour, Noreddineen
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