Life cycle assessment of palm-derived biodiesel in Taiwan

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/622214
Title:
Life cycle assessment of palm-derived biodiesel in Taiwan
Authors:
Maharjan, Sumit; Wang, Wei-Cheng; Teah, Heng Yi
Abstract:
In Taiwan, due to the limited capacity of waste cooking oil, palm oil has been viewed as the potential low-cost imported feedstock for producing biodiesel, in the way of obtaining oil feedstock in Malaysia and producing biodiesel in Taiwan. This study aims to evaluate the cradle-to-grave life cycle environmental performance of palm biodiesel within two different Asian countries, Malaysia and Taiwan. The phases of the life cycle such as direct land-use-change impact, plantation and milling are investigated based on the Malaysia case and those of refining, and fuel production as well as engine combustion is based on Taiwan case. The greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and energy consumption for the whole life cycle were calculated as −28.29 kg CO2-equiv. and +23.71 MJ/kg of palm-derived biodiesel. We also analyze the impacts of global warming potential (GWP) and the payback time for recovering the GHG emissions when producing and using biodiesel. Various scenarios include (1) clearing rainforest or peat-forest; (2) treating or discharging palm-oil-milling effluent (POME) are further developed to examine the effectiveness of improving the environmental impacts © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
KAUST Department:
Clean Combustion Research Center
Citation:
Maharjan S, Wang W-C, Teah HY (2016) Life cycle assessment of palm-derived biodiesel in Taiwan. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10098-016-1290-0.
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Journal:
Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy
Issue Date:
1-Oct-2016
DOI:
10.1007/s10098-016-1290-0
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1618-954X; 1618-9558
Sponsors:
This project was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, through Grant 104-2628-E-006-007-MY3.
Additional Links:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10098-016-1290-0
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Clean Combustion Research Center

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMaharjan, Sumiten
dc.contributor.authorWang, Wei-Chengen
dc.contributor.authorTeah, Heng Yien
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T08:42:38Z-
dc.date.available2017-01-02T08:42:38Z-
dc.date.issued2016-10-01en
dc.identifier.citationMaharjan S, Wang W-C, Teah HY (2016) Life cycle assessment of palm-derived biodiesel in Taiwan. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10098-016-1290-0.en
dc.identifier.issn1618-954Xen
dc.identifier.issn1618-9558en
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10098-016-1290-0en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622214-
dc.description.abstractIn Taiwan, due to the limited capacity of waste cooking oil, palm oil has been viewed as the potential low-cost imported feedstock for producing biodiesel, in the way of obtaining oil feedstock in Malaysia and producing biodiesel in Taiwan. This study aims to evaluate the cradle-to-grave life cycle environmental performance of palm biodiesel within two different Asian countries, Malaysia and Taiwan. The phases of the life cycle such as direct land-use-change impact, plantation and milling are investigated based on the Malaysia case and those of refining, and fuel production as well as engine combustion is based on Taiwan case. The greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and energy consumption for the whole life cycle were calculated as −28.29 kg CO2-equiv. and +23.71 MJ/kg of palm-derived biodiesel. We also analyze the impacts of global warming potential (GWP) and the payback time for recovering the GHG emissions when producing and using biodiesel. Various scenarios include (1) clearing rainforest or peat-forest; (2) treating or discharging palm-oil-milling effluent (POME) are further developed to examine the effectiveness of improving the environmental impacts © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelbergen
dc.description.sponsorshipThis project was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, through Grant 104-2628-E-006-007-MY3.en
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.relation.urlhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10098-016-1290-0en
dc.subjectEnergy consumptionen
dc.subjectGlobal warming potentialen
dc.subjectLand-use-changeen
dc.subjectLife cycle assessmenten
dc.subjectPalm biodieselen
dc.subjectPayback timeen
dc.titleLife cycle assessment of palm-derived biodiesel in Taiwanen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentClean Combustion Research Centeren
dc.identifier.journalClean Technologies and Environmental Policyen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Aeronautics and Astronautics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwanen
dc.contributor.institutionGraduate Program in Sustainability Science, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Chiba, Japanen
kaust.authorMaharjan, Sumiten
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