Bioprospecting Archaea: Focus on Extreme Halophiles

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/622177
Title:
Bioprospecting Archaea: Focus on Extreme Halophiles
Authors:
Antunes, André; Simões, Marta F.; Grötzinger, Stefan W.; Eppinger, Jorg ( 0000-0001-7886-7059 ) ; Bragança, Judith; Bajic, Vladimir B. ( 0000-0001-5435-4750 )
Abstract:
In 1990, Woese et al. divided the Tree of Life into three separate domains: Eukarya, Bacteria, and Archaea. Archaea were originally perceived as little more than “odd bacteria” restricted to extreme environmental niches, but later discoveries challenged this assumption. Members of this domain populate a variety of unexpected environments (e.g. soils, seawater, and human bodies), and we currently witness ongoing massive expansions of the archaeal branch of the Tree of Life. Archaea are now recognized as major players in the biosphere and constitute a significant fraction of the earth’s biomass, yet they remain underexplored. An ongoing surge in exploration efforts is leading to an increase in the (a) number of isolated strains, (b) associated knowledge, and (c) utilization of Archaea in biotechnology. They are increasingly employed in fields as diverse as biocatalysis, biocomputing, bioplastic production, bioremediation, bioengineering, food, pharmaceuticals, and nutraceuticals. This chapter provides a general overview on bioprospecting Archaea, with a particular focus on extreme halophiles. We explore aspects such as diversity, ecology, screening techniques and biotechnology. Current and future trends in mining for applications are discussed.
KAUST Department:
KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC); Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division; Computational Bioscience Research Center (CBRC); Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Citation:
Antunes A, Simões MF, Grötzinger SW, Eppinger J, Bragança J, et al. (2016) Bioprospecting Archaea: Focus on Extreme Halophiles. Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation: 81–112. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47935-4_5.
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Journal:
Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation
Issue Date:
12-Dec-2016
DOI:
10.1007/978-3-319-47935-4_5
Type:
Book Chapter
ISSN:
1875-1288; 1875-1296
Sponsors:
The authors of this publication were partially supported by competitive research funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), and by KAUST baseline research funds to VBB.
Additional Links:
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-47935-4_5
Appears in Collections:
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division; KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC); Computational Bioscience Research Center (CBRC); Book Chapters; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorAntunes, Andréen
dc.contributor.authorSimões, Marta F.en
dc.contributor.authorGrötzinger, Stefan W.en
dc.contributor.authorEppinger, Jorgen
dc.contributor.authorBragança, Judithen
dc.contributor.authorBajic, Vladimir B.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T08:42:36Z-
dc.date.available2017-01-02T08:42:36Z-
dc.date.issued2016-12-12en
dc.identifier.citationAntunes A, Simões MF, Grötzinger SW, Eppinger J, Bragança J, et al. (2016) Bioprospecting Archaea: Focus on Extreme Halophiles. Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation: 81–112. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47935-4_5.en
dc.identifier.issn1875-1288en
dc.identifier.issn1875-1296en
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/978-3-319-47935-4_5en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622177-
dc.description.abstractIn 1990, Woese et al. divided the Tree of Life into three separate domains: Eukarya, Bacteria, and Archaea. Archaea were originally perceived as little more than “odd bacteria” restricted to extreme environmental niches, but later discoveries challenged this assumption. Members of this domain populate a variety of unexpected environments (e.g. soils, seawater, and human bodies), and we currently witness ongoing massive expansions of the archaeal branch of the Tree of Life. Archaea are now recognized as major players in the biosphere and constitute a significant fraction of the earth’s biomass, yet they remain underexplored. An ongoing surge in exploration efforts is leading to an increase in the (a) number of isolated strains, (b) associated knowledge, and (c) utilization of Archaea in biotechnology. They are increasingly employed in fields as diverse as biocatalysis, biocomputing, bioplastic production, bioremediation, bioengineering, food, pharmaceuticals, and nutraceuticals. This chapter provides a general overview on bioprospecting Archaea, with a particular focus on extreme halophiles. We explore aspects such as diversity, ecology, screening techniques and biotechnology. Current and future trends in mining for applications are discussed.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors of this publication were partially supported by competitive research funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), and by KAUST baseline research funds to VBB.en
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.relation.urlhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-47935-4_5en
dc.titleBioprospecting Archaea: Focus on Extreme Halophilesen
dc.typeBook Chapteren
dc.contributor.departmentKAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)en
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentComputational Bioscience Research Center (CBRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalTopics in Biodiversity and Conservationen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biology, Edge Hill University, St Helens Road, Ormskirk, Lancashire, L39 4QP, UKen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biological Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, K K Birla, Goa Campus, NH 17B, Zuarinagar, Goa, 403 726, Indiaen
kaust.authorGrötzinger, Stefan W.en
kaust.authorEppinger, Jorgen
kaust.authorBajic, Vladimir B.en
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