A Motion Capture Study to Measure the Feeling of Synchrony in Romantic Couples and in Professional Musicians

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/621946
Title:
A Motion Capture Study to Measure the Feeling of Synchrony in Romantic Couples and in Professional Musicians
Authors:
Preissmann, Delphine; Charbonnier, Caecilia; Chagué, Sylvain; Antonietti, Jean Philippe; Llobera, Joan; Ansermet, Francois; Magistretti, Pierre J. ( 0000-0002-6678-320X )
Abstract:
The feeling of synchrony is fundamental for most social activities and prosocial behaviors. However, little is known about the behavioral correlates of this feeling and its modulation by intergroup differences. We previously showed that the subjective feeling of synchrony in subjects involved in a mirror imitation task was modulated by objective behavioral measures, as well as contextual factors such as task difficulty and duration of the task performance. In the present study, we extended our methodology to investigate possible interindividual differences. We hypothesized that being in a romantic relationship or being a professional musician can modulate both implicit and explicit synchronization and the feeling of synchrony as well as the ability to detect synchrony from a third person perspective. Contrary to our hypothesis, we did not find significant differences between people in a romantic relationship and control subjects. However, we observed differences between musicians and control subjects. For the implicit synchrony (spontaneous synchronization during walking), the results revealed that musicians that had never met before spontaneously synchronized their movements earlier among themselves than control subjects, but not better than people sharing a romantic relationship. Moreover, in explicit behavioral synchronization tasks (mirror game), musicians reported earlier feeling of synchrony and had less speed errors than control subjects. This was in interaction with tasks difficulty as these differences appeared only in tasks with intermediate difficulty. Finally, when subjects had to judge synchrony from a third person perspective, musicians had a better performance to identify if they were present or not in the videos. Taken together, our results suggest that being a professional musician can play a role in the feeling of synchrony and its underlying mechanisms. © 2016 Preissmann, Charbonnier, Chagué, Antonietti, Llobera, Ansermet and Magistretti.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Citation:
Preissmann D, Charbonnier C, Chagué S, Antonietti J-P, Llobera J, et al. (2016) A Motion Capture Study to Measure the Feeling of Synchrony in Romantic Couples and in Professional Musicians. Frontiers in Psychology 7. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01673.
Publisher:
Frontiers Media SA
Journal:
Frontiers in Psychology
Issue Date:
27-Oct-2016
DOI:
10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01673
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1664-1078
Sponsors:
This research project has been entirely funded by the Agalma Foundation. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Additional Links:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01673/full
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorPreissmann, Delphineen
dc.contributor.authorCharbonnier, Caeciliaen
dc.contributor.authorChagué, Sylvainen
dc.contributor.authorAntonietti, Jean Philippeen
dc.contributor.authorLlobera, Joanen
dc.contributor.authorAnsermet, Francoisen
dc.contributor.authorMagistretti, Pierre J.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-06T08:40:05Z-
dc.date.available2016-12-06T08:40:05Z-
dc.date.issued2016-10-27en
dc.identifier.citationPreissmann D, Charbonnier C, Chagué S, Antonietti J-P, Llobera J, et al. (2016) A Motion Capture Study to Measure the Feeling of Synchrony in Romantic Couples and in Professional Musicians. Frontiers in Psychology 7. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01673.en
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078en
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01673en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/621946-
dc.description.abstractThe feeling of synchrony is fundamental for most social activities and prosocial behaviors. However, little is known about the behavioral correlates of this feeling and its modulation by intergroup differences. We previously showed that the subjective feeling of synchrony in subjects involved in a mirror imitation task was modulated by objective behavioral measures, as well as contextual factors such as task difficulty and duration of the task performance. In the present study, we extended our methodology to investigate possible interindividual differences. We hypothesized that being in a romantic relationship or being a professional musician can modulate both implicit and explicit synchronization and the feeling of synchrony as well as the ability to detect synchrony from a third person perspective. Contrary to our hypothesis, we did not find significant differences between people in a romantic relationship and control subjects. However, we observed differences between musicians and control subjects. For the implicit synchrony (spontaneous synchronization during walking), the results revealed that musicians that had never met before spontaneously synchronized their movements earlier among themselves than control subjects, but not better than people sharing a romantic relationship. Moreover, in explicit behavioral synchronization tasks (mirror game), musicians reported earlier feeling of synchrony and had less speed errors than control subjects. This was in interaction with tasks difficulty as these differences appeared only in tasks with intermediate difficulty. Finally, when subjects had to judge synchrony from a third person perspective, musicians had a better performance to identify if they were present or not in the videos. Taken together, our results suggest that being a professional musician can play a role in the feeling of synchrony and its underlying mechanisms. © 2016 Preissmann, Charbonnier, Chagué, Antonietti, Llobera, Ansermet and Magistretti.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research project has been entirely funded by the Agalma Foundation. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.en
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SAen
dc.relation.urlhttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01673/fullen
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectMirror gameen
dc.subjectMotion captureen
dc.subjectMusiciansen
dc.subjectQuality of interactionsen
dc.subjectSubjective feelingen
dc.subjectSynchronyen
dc.titleA Motion Capture Study to Measure the Feeling of Synchrony in Romantic Couples and in Professional Musiciansen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Psychologyen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionAgalma Foundation, Geneva, Switzerlanden
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerlanden
dc.contributor.institutionCognitive Science Center, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerlanden
dc.contributor.institutionMedical Research Department, Artanim Foundation, Geneva, Switzerlanden
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerlanden
dc.contributor.institutionImmersive Interaction Group, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerlanden
dc.contributor.institutionBrain Mind Institute, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerlanden
kaust.authorMagistretti, Pierre J.en
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