Strong enhancement of Penning ionization for asymmetric atom pairs in cold Rydberg gases: the Tom and Jerry effect

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/621508
Title:
Strong enhancement of Penning ionization for asymmetric atom pairs in cold Rydberg gases: the Tom and Jerry effect
Authors:
Efimov, D K; Miculis, K; Bezuglov, N N; Ekers, Aigars ( 0000-0001-9141-7597 )
Abstract:
We consider Penning ionization of Rydberg atom pairs as an Auger-type process induced by the dipole-dipole interaction and employ semiclassical formulae for dipole transitions to calculate the autoionization width as a function of the principal quantum numbers, n d, n i, of both atoms. While for symmetric atom pairs with the well-known increase of the autoionization width with increasing n 0 is obtained, the result for asymmetric pairs is counterintuitive - for a fixed n i of the ionizing atom of the pair, the autoionization width strongly increases with decreasing n d of the de-excited atom. For H Rydberg atoms this increase reaches two orders of magnitude at the maximum of the n d dependence, and the same type of counterintuitive behavior is exhibited also by Na, Rb and Cs atoms. This is a purely quantum-mechanical effect, which points towards existence of optimal (we call them 'Tom' and 'Jerry' for 'big' and 'small') pairs of Rydberg atoms with respect to autoionization efficiency. Building on the model of population redistribution in cold Rydberg gases proposed in [1], we demonstrate that population evolution following the initial laser excitation of Rydberg atoms in state n 0 would eventually lead to the formation of such Tom-Jerry pairs with which feature autoionization widths that are enhanced by several orders of magnitude compared to that of two atoms in the initial laser-excited state n 0. We also show that in the high-density regime of cold Rydberg gas experiments the ionization rate of Tom-Jerry pairs can be substantially larger than the blackbody radiation-induced photoionization rate. © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd.
KAUST Department:
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Citation:
Efimov DK, Miculis K, Bezuglov NN, Ekers A (2016) Strong enhancement of Penning ionization for asymmetric atom pairs in cold Rydberg gases: the Tom and Jerry effect. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 49: 125302. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-4075/49/12/125302.
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Journal:
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Issue Date:
18-May-2016
DOI:
10.1088/0953-4075/49/12/125302
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0953-4075; 1361-6455
Sponsors:
This work was supported by the U S Office of Naval Research under Grant No. N00014-12-1-0514. Partial support by the EU FP7 Centre of Excellence FOTONIKA-LV (NNB), EU FP7 IRSES project NOCTURNAL ATMOSPHERE (KM) and the Government of the Russian Federation Grant 074-U01 (NNB) is also acknowledged. We also thank F Gahbauer for helpful discussions as well as the referees for their constructive comments, which stimulated extension of the initial manuscript to include more data and interpretations.
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorEfimov, D Ken
dc.contributor.authorMiculis, Ken
dc.contributor.authorBezuglov, N Nen
dc.contributor.authorEkers, Aigarsen
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-03T08:31:02Z-
dc.date.available2016-11-03T08:31:02Z-
dc.date.issued2016-05-18en
dc.identifier.citationEfimov DK, Miculis K, Bezuglov NN, Ekers A (2016) Strong enhancement of Penning ionization for asymmetric atom pairs in cold Rydberg gases: the Tom and Jerry effect. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 49: 125302. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-4075/49/12/125302.en
dc.identifier.issn0953-4075en
dc.identifier.issn1361-6455en
dc.identifier.doi10.1088/0953-4075/49/12/125302en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/621508-
dc.description.abstractWe consider Penning ionization of Rydberg atom pairs as an Auger-type process induced by the dipole-dipole interaction and employ semiclassical formulae for dipole transitions to calculate the autoionization width as a function of the principal quantum numbers, n d, n i, of both atoms. While for symmetric atom pairs with the well-known increase of the autoionization width with increasing n 0 is obtained, the result for asymmetric pairs is counterintuitive - for a fixed n i of the ionizing atom of the pair, the autoionization width strongly increases with decreasing n d of the de-excited atom. For H Rydberg atoms this increase reaches two orders of magnitude at the maximum of the n d dependence, and the same type of counterintuitive behavior is exhibited also by Na, Rb and Cs atoms. This is a purely quantum-mechanical effect, which points towards existence of optimal (we call them 'Tom' and 'Jerry' for 'big' and 'small') pairs of Rydberg atoms with respect to autoionization efficiency. Building on the model of population redistribution in cold Rydberg gases proposed in [1], we demonstrate that population evolution following the initial laser excitation of Rydberg atoms in state n 0 would eventually lead to the formation of such Tom-Jerry pairs with which feature autoionization widths that are enhanced by several orders of magnitude compared to that of two atoms in the initial laser-excited state n 0. We also show that in the high-density regime of cold Rydberg gas experiments the ionization rate of Tom-Jerry pairs can be substantially larger than the blackbody radiation-induced photoionization rate. © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the U S Office of Naval Research under Grant No. N00014-12-1-0514. Partial support by the EU FP7 Centre of Excellence FOTONIKA-LV (NNB), EU FP7 IRSES project NOCTURNAL ATMOSPHERE (KM) and the Government of the Russian Federation Grant 074-U01 (NNB) is also acknowledged. We also thank F Gahbauer for helpful discussions as well as the referees for their constructive comments, which stimulated extension of the initial manuscript to include more data and interpretations.en
dc.publisherIOP Publishingen
dc.subjectPenning ionizationen
dc.titleStrong enhancement of Penning ionization for asymmetric atom pairs in cold Rydberg gases: the Tom and Jerry effecten
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physicsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Latvia, Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy, Riga, Latviaen
dc.contributor.institutionSaint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg, Russian Federationen
dc.contributor.institutionMoscow State Engineering Physics Institute, Kashirskoe shosse 31, Moscow, Russian Federationen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity ITMO, Kronverkskiy pr. 49, St. Petersburg, Russian Federationen
kaust.authorEkers, Aigarsen
All Items in KAUST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.