Transmission and fluorescence X-ray absorption spectroscopy cell/flow reactor for powder samples under vacuum or in reactive atmospheres

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/618378
Title:
Transmission and fluorescence X-ray absorption spectroscopy cell/flow reactor for powder samples under vacuum or in reactive atmospheres
Authors:
Hoffman, A. S.; Debefve, L. M. ( 0000-0003-3002-0558 ) ; Bendjeriou-Sedjerari, A.; Ouldchikh, S. ( 0000-0002-3486-0944 ) ; Bare, Simon R.; Basset, Jean-Marie ( 0000-0003-3166-8882 ) ; Gates, B. C.
Abstract:
X-ray absorption spectroscopy is an element-specific technique for probing the local atomic-scale environment around an absorber atom. It is widely used to investigate the structures of liquids and solids, being especially valuable for characterization of solid-supported catalysts. Reported cell designs are limited in capabilities—to fluorescence or transmission and to static or flowing atmospheres, or to vacuum. Our goal was to design a robust and widely applicable cell for catalyst characterizations under all these conditions—to allow tracking of changes during genesis and during operation, both under vacuum and in reactive atmospheres. Herein, we report the design of such a cell and a demonstration of its operation both with a sample under dynamic vacuum and in the presence of gases flowing at temperatures up to 300 °C, showing data obtained with both fluorescence and transmission detection. The cell allows more flexibility in catalyst characterization than any reported.
KAUST Department:
KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)
Citation:
Transmission and fluorescence X-ray absorption spectroscopy cell/flow reactor for powder samples under vacuum or in reactive atmospheres 2016, 87 (7):073108 Review of Scientific Instruments
Publisher:
AIP Publishing
Journal:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Issue Date:
26-Jul-2016
DOI:
10.1063/1.4958824
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0034-6748; 1089-7623
Sponsors:
We thank A. Cobb and J. Roach of the University of California, Davis, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Machine Shop, for design consultation and cell fabrication, and R. Davis of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) for helpful discussions.We thank SSRL for beam time (beamline 4-1). The work was funded by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology and by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences (Grant No. FG02-04ER15513). Use of SSRL, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences (Grant No. DE-AC02-76SF00515). A. S. Hoffman was supported by a fellowship from Chevron.
Additional Links:
http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/rsi/87/7/10.1063/1.4958824
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHoffman, A. S.en
dc.contributor.authorDebefve, L. M.en
dc.contributor.authorBendjeriou-Sedjerari, A.en
dc.contributor.authorOuldchikh, S.en
dc.contributor.authorBare, Simon R.en
dc.contributor.authorBasset, Jean-Marieen
dc.contributor.authorGates, B. C.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-14T09:16:09Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-14T09:16:09Z-
dc.date.issued2016-07-26-
dc.identifier.citationTransmission and fluorescence X-ray absorption spectroscopy cell/flow reactor for powder samples under vacuum or in reactive atmospheres 2016, 87 (7):073108 Review of Scientific Instrumentsen
dc.identifier.issn0034-6748-
dc.identifier.issn1089-7623-
dc.identifier.doi10.1063/1.4958824-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/618378-
dc.description.abstractX-ray absorption spectroscopy is an element-specific technique for probing the local atomic-scale environment around an absorber atom. It is widely used to investigate the structures of liquids and solids, being especially valuable for characterization of solid-supported catalysts. Reported cell designs are limited in capabilities—to fluorescence or transmission and to static or flowing atmospheres, or to vacuum. Our goal was to design a robust and widely applicable cell for catalyst characterizations under all these conditions—to allow tracking of changes during genesis and during operation, both under vacuum and in reactive atmospheres. Herein, we report the design of such a cell and a demonstration of its operation both with a sample under dynamic vacuum and in the presence of gases flowing at temperatures up to 300 °C, showing data obtained with both fluorescence and transmission detection. The cell allows more flexibility in catalyst characterization than any reported.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank A. Cobb and J. Roach of the University of California, Davis, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Machine Shop, for design consultation and cell fabrication, and R. Davis of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) for helpful discussions.We thank SSRL for beam time (beamline 4-1). The work was funded by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology and by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences (Grant No. FG02-04ER15513). Use of SSRL, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences (Grant No. DE-AC02-76SF00515). A. S. Hoffman was supported by a fellowship from Chevron.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAIP Publishingen
dc.relation.urlhttp://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/rsi/87/7/10.1063/1.4958824en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Review of Scientific Instrumentsen
dc.titleTransmission and fluorescence X-ray absorption spectroscopy cell/flow reactor for powder samples under vacuum or in reactive atmospheresen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentKAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)en
dc.identifier.journalReview of Scientific Instrumentsen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Chemical Engineering, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616, USAen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Chemical Engineering, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616, USAen
dc.contributor.institutionSLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, SSRL, Menlo Park, California 94025, USAen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Chemical Engineering, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616, USAen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorBendjeriou-Sedjerari, A.en
kaust.authorOuldchikh, S.en
kaust.authorBasset, J. M.en
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