Coherent quantum dynamics of excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/618219
Title:
Coherent quantum dynamics of excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides
Authors:
Moody, Galan; Hao, Kai; Dass, Chandriker Kavir; Singh, Akshay; Xu, Lixiang; Tran, Kha; Chen, Chang-Hsiao; Li, Ming-yang; Li, Lain-Jong ( 0000-0002-4059-7783 ) ; Clark, Genevieve; Bergh äuser, Gunnar; Malic, Ermin; Knorr, Andreas; Xu, Xiaodong; Li, Xiaoqin
Abstract:
Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have garnered considerable interest in recent years owing to their layer thickness-dependent optoelectronic properties. In monolayer TMDs, the large carrier effective masses, strong quantum confinement, and reduced dielectric screening lead to pronounced exciton resonances with remarkably large binding energies and coupled spin and valley degrees of freedom (valley excitons). Coherent control of valley excitons for atomically thin optoelectronics and valleytronics requires understanding and quantifying sources of exciton decoherence. In this work, we reveal how exciton-exciton and exciton-phonon scattering influence the coherent quantum dynamics of valley excitons in monolayer TMDs, specifically tungsten diselenide (WSe2), using two-dimensional coherent spectroscopy. Excitation-density and temperature dependent measurements of the homogeneous linewidth (inversely proportional to the optical coherence time) reveal that exciton-exciton and exciton-phonon interactions are significantly stronger compared to quasi-2D quantum wells and 3D bulk materials. The residual homogeneous linewidth extrapolated to zero excitation density and temperature is ~1:6 meV (equivalent to a coherence time of 0.4 ps), which is limited only by the population recombination lifetime in this sample. © (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
KAUST Department:
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Citation:
Galan Moody ; Kai Hao ; Chandriker Kavir Dass ; Akshay Singh ; Lixiang Xu ; Kha Tran ; Chang-Hsiao Chen ; Ming-Yang Li ; Lain-Jong Li ; Genevieve Clark ; Gunnar Bergh äuser ; Ermin Malic ; Andreas Knorr ; Xiaodong Xu and Xiaoqin Li " Coherent quantum dynamics of excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides ", Proc. SPIE 9746, Ultrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XX, 97461T (March 14, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2209203; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2209203
Publisher:
SPIE-Intl Soc Optical Eng
Journal:
Ultrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XX
Conference/Event name:
Ultrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XX
Issue Date:
14-Mar-2016
DOI:
10.1117/12.2209203
Type:
Conference Paper
Sponsors:
The experimental work at UT-Austin is supported partially by AFOSR grant number FA9550-10-1-0022, NSF DMR-1306878, and Welch Foundation F-1662. X.L. acknowledges support from a Humboldt fellowship. L.J.L. thanks support from KAUST Saudi Arabia, Academia Sinica Taiwan, and AOARD-134137 USA. C.H.C. thanks support from Ministry of Science and Technology Taiwan (MOST 104-2218-E-035-010 and 104-2628-E-035-002- MY3). G.C. and X.X. are supported by DoE BES (DE-SC0008145 and DE-SC0012509). The Berlin group is thankful to the German Science Foundation within the collaborative research center 951.
Additional Links:
http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/proceeding.aspx?doi=10.1117/12.2209203
Appears in Collections:
Conference Papers

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMoody, Galanen
dc.contributor.authorHao, Kaien
dc.contributor.authorDass, Chandriker Kaviren
dc.contributor.authorSingh, Akshayen
dc.contributor.authorXu, Lixiangen
dc.contributor.authorTran, Khaen
dc.contributor.authorChen, Chang-Hsiaoen
dc.contributor.authorLi, Ming-yangen
dc.contributor.authorLi, Lain-Jongen
dc.contributor.authorClark, Genevieveen
dc.contributor.authorBergh äuser, Gunnaren
dc.contributor.authorMalic, Erminen
dc.contributor.authorKnorr, Andreasen
dc.contributor.authorXu, Xiaodongen
dc.contributor.authorLi, Xiaoqinen
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-10T13:09:35Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-10T13:09:35Z-
dc.date.issued2016-03-14-
dc.identifier.citationGalan Moody ; Kai Hao ; Chandriker Kavir Dass ; Akshay Singh ; Lixiang Xu ; Kha Tran ; Chang-Hsiao Chen ; Ming-Yang Li ; Lain-Jong Li ; Genevieve Clark ; Gunnar Bergh äuser ; Ermin Malic ; Andreas Knorr ; Xiaodong Xu and Xiaoqin Li " Coherent quantum dynamics of excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides ", Proc. SPIE 9746, Ultrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XX, 97461T (March 14, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2209203; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2209203en
dc.identifier.doi10.1117/12.2209203-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/618219-
dc.description.abstractTransition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have garnered considerable interest in recent years owing to their layer thickness-dependent optoelectronic properties. In monolayer TMDs, the large carrier effective masses, strong quantum confinement, and reduced dielectric screening lead to pronounced exciton resonances with remarkably large binding energies and coupled spin and valley degrees of freedom (valley excitons). Coherent control of valley excitons for atomically thin optoelectronics and valleytronics requires understanding and quantifying sources of exciton decoherence. In this work, we reveal how exciton-exciton and exciton-phonon scattering influence the coherent quantum dynamics of valley excitons in monolayer TMDs, specifically tungsten diselenide (WSe2), using two-dimensional coherent spectroscopy. Excitation-density and temperature dependent measurements of the homogeneous linewidth (inversely proportional to the optical coherence time) reveal that exciton-exciton and exciton-phonon interactions are significantly stronger compared to quasi-2D quantum wells and 3D bulk materials. The residual homogeneous linewidth extrapolated to zero excitation density and temperature is ~1:6 meV (equivalent to a coherence time of 0.4 ps), which is limited only by the population recombination lifetime in this sample. © (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe experimental work at UT-Austin is supported partially by AFOSR grant number FA9550-10-1-0022, NSF DMR-1306878, and Welch Foundation F-1662. X.L. acknowledges support from a Humboldt fellowship. L.J.L. thanks support from KAUST Saudi Arabia, Academia Sinica Taiwan, and AOARD-134137 USA. C.H.C. thanks support from Ministry of Science and Technology Taiwan (MOST 104-2218-E-035-010 and 104-2628-E-035-002- MY3). G.C. and X.X. are supported by DoE BES (DE-SC0008145 and DE-SC0012509). The Berlin group is thankful to the German Science Foundation within the collaborative research center 951.en
dc.publisherSPIE-Intl Soc Optical Engen
dc.relation.urlhttp://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/proceeding.aspx?doi=10.1117/12.2209203en
dc.rightsCopyright 2016 Society of Photo Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.en
dc.titleCoherent quantum dynamics of excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenidesen
dc.typeConference Paperen
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalUltrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XXen
dc.conference.dateFebruary 13, 2016en
dc.conference.nameUltrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XXen
dc.conference.locationSan Francisco, California, United Statesen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USAen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Automatic Control Engineering, Feng Chia University, Taichung 40724, Taiwanen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USAen
dc.contributor.institutionInstitut f. Theoretische Physik, Nichtlineare Optik und Quantenelektronik, Technische Universitat Berlin, 10623 Berlin, Germanyen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Swedenen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USAen
kaust.authorLi, Ming-yangen
kaust.authorLi, Lain-Jongen
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