A quantitative assessment of Arctic shipping in 2010–2014

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/618215
Title:
A quantitative assessment of Arctic shipping in 2010–2014
Authors:
Eguíluz, Victor M.; Fernández-Gracia, Juan; Irigoien, Xabier ( 0000-0002-5411-6741 ) ; Duarte, Carlos M. ( 0000-0002-1213-1361 )
Abstract:
Rapid loss of sea ice is opening up the Arctic Ocean to shipping, a practice that is forecasted to increase rapidly by 2050 when many models predict that the Arctic Ocean will largely be free of ice toward the end of summer. These forecasts carry considerable uncertainty because Arctic shipping was previously considered too sparse to allow for adequate validation. Here, we provide quantitative evidence that the extent of Arctic shipping in the period 2011–2014 is already significant and that it is concentrated (i) in the Norwegian and Barents Seas, and (ii) predominantly accessed via the Northeast and Northwest Passages. Thick ice along the forecasted direct trans-Arctic route was still present in 2014, preventing transit. Although Arctic shipping remains constrained by the extent of ice coverage, during every September, this coverage is at a minimum, allowing the highest levels of shipping activity. Access to Arctic resources, particularly fisheries, is the most important driver of Arctic shipping thus far.
KAUST Department:
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Citation:
A quantitative assessment of Arctic shipping in 2010–2014 2016, 6:30682 Scientific Reports
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Journal:
Scientific Reports
Issue Date:
1-Aug-2016
DOI:
10.1038/srep30682
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2045-2322
Sponsors:
The research reported in this Article was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), MINECO (Spain), and FEDER (EU) through project MODASS (FIS2011-24785). We thank Juan Ignacio Cicuendez Pérez and Simon Chesworth for technical assistance.
Additional Links:
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep30682
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorEguíluz, Victor M.en
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Gracia, Juanen
dc.contributor.authorIrigoien, Xabieren
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-10T12:18:32Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-10T12:18:32Z-
dc.date.issued2016-08-01-
dc.identifier.citationA quantitative assessment of Arctic shipping in 2010–2014 2016, 6:30682 Scientific Reportsen
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322-
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/srep30682-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/618215-
dc.description.abstractRapid loss of sea ice is opening up the Arctic Ocean to shipping, a practice that is forecasted to increase rapidly by 2050 when many models predict that the Arctic Ocean will largely be free of ice toward the end of summer. These forecasts carry considerable uncertainty because Arctic shipping was previously considered too sparse to allow for adequate validation. Here, we provide quantitative evidence that the extent of Arctic shipping in the period 2011–2014 is already significant and that it is concentrated (i) in the Norwegian and Barents Seas, and (ii) predominantly accessed via the Northeast and Northwest Passages. Thick ice along the forecasted direct trans-Arctic route was still present in 2014, preventing transit. Although Arctic shipping remains constrained by the extent of ice coverage, during every September, this coverage is at a minimum, allowing the highest levels of shipping activity. Access to Arctic resources, particularly fisheries, is the most important driver of Arctic shipping thus far.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research reported in this Article was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), MINECO (Spain), and FEDER (EU) through project MODASS (FIS2011-24785). We thank Juan Ignacio Cicuendez Pérez and Simon Chesworth for technical assistance.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/articles/srep30682en
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.titleA quantitative assessment of Arctic shipping in 2010–2014en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.identifier.journalScientific Reportsen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto de Física Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos IFISC (CSIC-UIB), E07122, Palma de Mallorca, Spainen
dc.contributor.institutionHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Tromsø, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics, N-9037 Tromsø, Norwayen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorIrigoien, Xabieren
kaust.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
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