Novel adsorptive ultrafiltration membranes derived from polyvinyltetrazole-co-polyacrylonitrile for Cu(II) ions removal

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/608616
Title:
Novel adsorptive ultrafiltration membranes derived from polyvinyltetrazole-co-polyacrylonitrile for Cu(II) ions removal
Authors:
Kumar, Mahendra ( 0000-0002-9614-904X ) ; Shevate, Rahul; Hilke, Roland; Peinemann, Klaus-Viktor ( 0000-0003-0309-9598 )
Abstract:
Novel adsorptive ultrafiltration membranes were manufactured from synthesized polyvinyltetrazole−co−polyacrylonitrile (PVT−co−PAN) by nonsolvent induced phase separation (NIPS). PVT−co−PAN with various degree of functionalization (DF) was synthesized via a [3+2] cycloaddition reaction at 60°C using a commercial PAN. PVT−co−PAN with varied DF was then explored to prepare adsorptive membranes. The membranes were characterized by surface zeta potential and static water contact angle measurements, scanning electron microscopy as well as atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. It was shown that PVT segments contributed to alter the pore size, charge and hydrophilic behavior of the membranes. The membranes became more negatively charged and hydrophilic after addition of PVT segments. The PVT segments in the membranes served as the major binding sites for adsorption of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution. The maximum adsorption of Cu(II) ions by the membranes in static condition and in a continuous ultrafiltration of 10 ppm solution was attained at pH = 5. The adsorption data suggest that the Freundlich isotherm model describes well Cu(II) ions adsorption on the membranes from aqueous solution. The adsorption capacity obtained from the Freundlich isotherm model was 44.3 mg g−1; this value is higher than other membrane adsorption data reported in the literature. Overall, the membranes fabricated from PVT−co−PAN are attractive for efficient removal of heavy metal ions under the optimized conditions.
KAUST Department:
Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Center (AMPMC)
Citation:
Novel adsorptive ultrafiltration membranes derived from polyvinyltetrazole-co-polyacrylonitrile for Cu(II) ions removal 2016 Chemical Engineering Journal
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Chemical Engineering Journal
Issue Date:
4-May-2016
DOI:
10.1016/j.cej.2016.05.006
Type:
Article
ISSN:
13858947
Sponsors:
This research was carried out under funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST, Saudi Arabia).
Additional Links:
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1385894716306192
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKumar, Mahendraen
dc.contributor.authorShevate, Rahulen
dc.contributor.authorHilke, Rolanden
dc.contributor.authorPeinemann, Klaus-Viktoren
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-08T15:20:03Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-08T15:20:03Zen
dc.date.issued2016-05-04en
dc.identifier.citationNovel adsorptive ultrafiltration membranes derived from polyvinyltetrazole-co-polyacrylonitrile for Cu(II) ions removal 2016 Chemical Engineering Journalen
dc.identifier.issn13858947en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.cej.2016.05.006en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/608616en
dc.description.abstractNovel adsorptive ultrafiltration membranes were manufactured from synthesized polyvinyltetrazole−co−polyacrylonitrile (PVT−co−PAN) by nonsolvent induced phase separation (NIPS). PVT−co−PAN with various degree of functionalization (DF) was synthesized via a [3+2] cycloaddition reaction at 60°C using a commercial PAN. PVT−co−PAN with varied DF was then explored to prepare adsorptive membranes. The membranes were characterized by surface zeta potential and static water contact angle measurements, scanning electron microscopy as well as atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. It was shown that PVT segments contributed to alter the pore size, charge and hydrophilic behavior of the membranes. The membranes became more negatively charged and hydrophilic after addition of PVT segments. The PVT segments in the membranes served as the major binding sites for adsorption of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution. The maximum adsorption of Cu(II) ions by the membranes in static condition and in a continuous ultrafiltration of 10 ppm solution was attained at pH = 5. The adsorption data suggest that the Freundlich isotherm model describes well Cu(II) ions adsorption on the membranes from aqueous solution. The adsorption capacity obtained from the Freundlich isotherm model was 44.3 mg g−1; this value is higher than other membrane adsorption data reported in the literature. Overall, the membranes fabricated from PVT−co−PAN are attractive for efficient removal of heavy metal ions under the optimized conditions.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was carried out under funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST, Saudi Arabia).en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1385894716306192en
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Chemical Engineering Journal. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Chemical Engineering Journal, 4 May 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2016.05.006en
dc.subjectPVT−co−PAN polymeren
dc.subjectAdsorptive membraneen
dc.subjectCopper adsorptionen
dc.subjectDynamic ultrafiltrationen
dc.subjectRegenerationen
dc.titleNovel adsorptive ultrafiltration membranes derived from polyvinyltetrazole-co-polyacrylonitrile for Cu(II) ions removalen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentAdvanced Membranes and Porous Materials Center (AMPMC)en
dc.identifier.journalChemical Engineering Journalen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorKumar, Mahendraen
kaust.authorShevate, Rahulen
kaust.authorHilke, Rolanden
kaust.authorPeinemann, Klaus-Viktoren
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